Languages › English as a Second Language ESL Lesson Plan for Paired Conjunctions Share Flipboard Email Print English as a Second Language Resources for Teachers Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Grammar Business English By Kenneth Beare English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert TESOL Diploma, Trinity College London M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. our editorial process Kenneth Beare Updated February 26, 2019 Paired conjunctions are often used in both spoken and written English to make a point, give an explanation, or discuss alternatives. Unfortunately, not only are they difficult to use, but their structure is also rather strict. For this reason, this lesson is a straight forward, teacher-centered, grammar lesson focusing on written and oral production of the target structure. Aim: Grammar focus on the use of paired conjunctionsActivity: Teacher introduction followed by sentence completion, construction and, finally, oral drill workLevel: Upper-intermediate Outline Introduce paired conjunctions by asking students to give reasons for some simple event. Take two of the suggestions and construct target structure sentences using paired conjunctions. For example: Either John has stayed at home or he has been held up in traffic.Explain the structure of the paired conjunctions: both...and; not only...but also; either...or; neither...norDistribute worksheets and ask students to match the sentence parts to match both columns to make complete sentences.Ask students to complete the second exercise by combining the ideas to make one complete sentence using one of the paired conjunctions.Focus on oral production skills by asking paired conjunction questions on the separate teacher sheet. Paired Conjunctions Match the sentence halves to make a complete sentence. Sentence Half A: Both PeterNot only do we want to goEither Jack will have to work more hoursThat story wasStudents who do well not only study hardIn the end, he had to chooseSometimes it isI would love to take Sentence Half B: but we have enough money.neither true nor realistic.not only wise to listen to your parents but also interesting.and I are coming next week.either his career or his hobby.both my laptop and my cell phone on holiday.but also use their instincts if they do not know the answer.or we will have to hire somebody new. Combine the following sentences into one sentence using paired conjunctions: both ... and; not only ... but also; either ... or; neither ... nor We could fly. We could go by train.She will have to study hard. She will have to concentrate to do well on the exam.Jack is not here. Tom is in another city.The speaker will not confirm the story. The speaker will not deny the story.Pneumonia is a dangerous disease. Small pox is a dangerous illness.Fred loves traveling. Jane wants to go around the world.It might rain tomorrow. It might snow tomorrow.Playing tennis is good for your heart. Jogging is good for your health. To the teacher: Read the following aloud and have students use paired conjunctions to respond. Example: You know Peter. Do you know Bill? Student: I know both Peter and Jack. You like tennis. Do you like golf?You don't know Jane. Do you know Jack?You are studying Math. Are you studying English?You need to work on the weekend. Do you need to work in the evening?You don't eat fish. Do you eat beef?I know your country has good universities. Does England have good universities?He collects money. Does he collect stamps?They haven't visited Rome. Have they visited Paris? Follow up with a paired conjunction quiz.