The Four Seasons: A Science, Literature and Social Studies Unit

Children with disabilities sometimes do not understand what happens in the greater world around them. With children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, we attribute that to difficulty with creating their own meta-narrative, the big story we each create for our own lives. To help them and students like them, we have created four weeks of activities surrounding the seasons. Whether you use it for early intervention or for self-contained programs with students with significantly disabling conditions, we provide a plethora of activities that are appropriate across ages and abilities. 

The Purpose

  • Teach the Core Curriculum: we base our objectives on the standards, though we adapt them to the breadth of students' ability. Students with good skills will be learning that standard near the general education curriculum, students lacking language or having significant cognitive differences will learn at their ability level.  This unit on the seasons engages science,
  • Build Expressive and Receptive Language: You want to help all children learn new vocabulary and to be able to match the new words to pictures. How you assess that will depend on the child’s ability. For some, you will be able to question them, for others you may ask them to identify a new animal or term during discrete trials across a field of two or three words. 
  • Engage the Students with New Information: Many students with disabilities are not encouraged to build new interests or ideas. The best way to help this happen is to introduce ideas and give students a way to access or manipulate the information in a way that fully engages them. It may include choosing and matching pictures, drawing pictures or other ways
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Winter: the Beginning of the North American Year


If you choose to pair this Seasons Unit with the seasons, this will not be the first. If you choose to follow this pattern, you will use January to explore the seasons, to teach your students to understand the seasons just as you have marked a major change in the calendar. In that way, this is the first of four weeks.

Each of these units includes books, art activities and instruction surrounding science.

The Winter Unit focuses on winter sports, winter weather, and legends. If you begin the year with this unit, you may also want to collect some data as a class about temperature, snowfall, etc.

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Spring: a Time for Flowers and Rebirth

A Spring Walk

More books, activities and lots of art projects focused on creating flowers, cutting and do some writing. This unit focuses on the flowers of spring, so there are lots of those activities available for your use!

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Summer: a Unit With a Focus on Camping

Summer sunshine

This unit focuses not just on hot weather, but on some of our favorite summer pastimes, including camping.  Perhaps you want to pitch a tent for your students to read in.  You may want to learn about canoeing or fishing, as well.  You can expand those themes and have some fun with your students.

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Fall: a Unit with a Focus on Leaves and Change

Fall means color

If you do these units when the seasons arrive, this will be the first rather than the last.  Each unit has a focus on the earth's revolutions and the impact on the weather that we call the seasons.  This unit asks your students to spend some time focusing on fall colors and fall activities.  You may want to also visit the unit on fall leaves.

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Your Citation
Webster, Jerry. "The Four Seasons: A Science, Literature and Social Studies Unit." ThoughtCo, Feb. 16, 2021, Webster, Jerry. (2021, February 16). The Four Seasons: A Science, Literature and Social Studies Unit. Retrieved from Webster, Jerry. "The Four Seasons: A Science, Literature and Social Studies Unit." ThoughtCo. (accessed March 7, 2021).