Humanities › Issues Fredericton, the Capital of New Brunswick Key Facts About Fredericton, the Capital City of New Brunswick, Canada Share Flipboard Email Print Fredericton, New Brunswick. View From St. John River. All Canada Photos / Getty Images Issues Canadian Government The U. S. Government U.S. Foreign Policy U.S. Liberal Politics U.S. Conservative Politics Women's Issues Civil Liberties The Middle East Terrorism Race Relations Immigration Crime & Punishment Animal Rights View More By Susan Munroe Canadian Culture Expert B.A., Political Science, Carleton University Susan Munroe is a public affairs and communications professional based in Canada. our editorial process Susan Munroe Updated March 08, 2017 Fredericton is the capital city of the province of New Brunswick, Canada. With a downtown of only 16 blocks, this picturesque capital city provides the benefits of a larger city while still being affordable. Fredericton is strategically located on the Saint John River and is within a day's drive of Halifax, Toronto, and New York City. Fredericton is a center for information technology, engineering, and environment industries, and is home to two universities and a variety of training colleges and institutes. Location of Fredericton, New Brunswick Fredericton is located on the banks of the Saint John River in central New Brunswick. See Fredericton Map Area of City of Fredericton 131.67 sq. km (50.84 sq. miles) (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census) Population of City of Fredericton 56,224 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census) Date Fredericton Incorporated as a City 1848 Date Fredericton Became the Capital City of New Brunswick 1785 Government of City of Fredericton, New Brunswick Fredericton municipal elections are held every four years on the second Monday in May. Date of the last Fredericton municipal election: Monday, May 14, 2012 Date of the next Fredericton municipal election: Monday, May 9, 2016 Fredericton's city council is made up of 13 elected representatives: one mayor and 12 city councilors. Fredericton Mayor Brad WoodsideFredericton City Council Fredericton Attractions New Brunswick Legislative AssemblyChrist Church CathedralHistoric Garrison DistrictKing's Landing Historical SettlementScience EastBeaverbrook Art GalleryTrans Canada Trail Weather in Fredericton Fredericton has a moderate climate with warm, sunny summers and cold, snowy winters. Summer temperatures in Fredericton range from 20°C (68°F) to 30 °C (86°F). January is the coldest month in Fredericton with an average temperature of -15°C (5°F), although the temperature can dip to -20°C (-4°F). Winter storms often deliver 15-20 cm (6-8 inches) of snow. Fredericton Weather Forecast City of Fredericton Official Site City of Fredericton Capital Cities of Canada For information on the other capital cities in Canada, see Capital Cities of Canada.