Geography Printables

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What Is Geography?

Free Geography Printables
Tetra Images - Mike Kemp/Getty Images

 

What Is Geography?

Geography comes from the combination of two Greek words. Geo refers to earth and graph refers to writing or describing. Geography describes the Earth. It refers to the study of the Earth's physical features, such as oceans, mountains, and continents. 

Geography also includes the study of the people of the Earth and how they interact with it. This study includes cultures, population, and land use.

The word geography was first used by Eratosthenes, a Greek scientist, writer, and poet, in the early 3rd century. Through detailed map-making and their understanding of astronomy, the Greeks and Romans had a good understanding of the physical aspects of the world around them. They also observed the connections between people and their environment.

The Arabs, Muslims, and Chinese also played an important role in the further development of geography. Due to trade and exploration, geography was a very important subject for these early people groups.

Activities for Learning About Geography

Geography is still an important - and fun - subject to study because it affects everyone. The following free geography printables and activity pages relate to the branch of geography studying the physical features of the Earth.

Use the printables to introduce your students to geography. Then, try some of these fun activities:

  • Build a salt dough map depicting the physical features of an actual state or country or one that simply depicts a variety of geographical features (mountains, valleys, rivers, etc.)
  • Create an edible map with cookie dough and use a variety of candies to depict geographical features
  • Build a diorama showing various geographical features
  • Travel
  • Participate in a postcard swap with people from different states or countries. Ask them to send postcards depicting a geographic feature of their state or country.
  • After completing the free printable geography worksheets, invite your students to complete the Geography Challenge to see how much they remember.
  • Create an illustrated geography dictionary. List and define a variety of geographical terms and draw a picture depicting the term.

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Geography Vocabulary

Print the pdf: Geography Vocabulary Sheet

Introduce your students to ten basic geographical terms using this printable geography vocabulary worksheet. Use a dictionary or the Internet to look up each of the terms in the word bank. Then, write each term on the blank line next to its correct definition.

 

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Geography Wordsearch

Print the pdf: Geography Word Search

In this activity, your students will review the geographical terms they defined by completing a fun word search. Each term from the word bank can be found in the puzzle among the jumbled letters.

If your students don't remember the definition of some of the terms, review them using the vocabulary sheets.

 

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Geography Crossword Puzzle

Print the pdf: Geography Crossword Puzzle

This geography crossword puzzle provides another entertaining review opportunity. Fill in the puzzle with the correct geographical terms from the word bank based on the clues provided. 

 

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Geography Alphabet Activity

Print the pdf: Geography Alphabet Activity

In this activity, students will alphabetize the geographical terms. This worksheet offers children another method for review while also honing their alphabetizing skills.

 

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Geography Term: Peninsula

Print the pdf: Geography Term: Peninsula

Your students can use the following pages in their illustrated geography dictionary. Color the picture and write the definition of each term on the lines provided. 

Cheat sheet: A peninsula is a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides and connected to the mainland.

 

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Geography Term: Isthmus

Print the pdf: Geography Coloring Page 

Color this isthmus page and add it to your illustrated dictionary.

Cheat sheet: An isthmus is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land and surrounded on two sides by water.

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Geography Term: Archipelago

Print the pdf: Geography Term: Archipelago

Color the archipelago and add it to your illustrated geography dictionary.

Cheat sheet: An archipelago is a group or chain of islands. 

 

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Geography Term: Island

Print the pdf: Geography Coloring Page 

Color the island and add it to your dictionary of illustrated geographical terms.

Cheat sheet: An island is an area of land, smaller than a continent and completely surrounded by water.

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Geography Term: Strait

Print the pdf: Geography Term: Strait

Color the strait coloring page and add it to your illustrated geography dictionary.

Cheat sheet: A strait is a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water.