10 Free High-Interest Lessons - Architecture for All Ages

Bring Architecture Into the Classroom and the Home With These Fun, Free Lessons

Architecture offers a world of possibilities for learning all sorts of things, in or out of the classroom. When children and teens design and create structures, they draw upon many different skills and fields of knowledge—math, engineering, history, social studies, planning, geography, art, design, and even writing. Observation and communication are two of the most important skills used by an architect. Listed here is just a sampling of fascinating and FREE lessons about architecture for students of all ages.

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Amazing Skyscrapers

Futuristic towers and skyscrapers make up the skyline of Shanghai City in China
Futuristic towers and skyscrapers make up the skyline of Shanghai City in China. Photo by Mlenny / E+ / Getty Images

Skyscrapers are magical to people of any age. How do they stand up? How tall can they be built? Middle school-aged students will learn basic ideas used by engineers and architects to design some of the world’s largest skyscrapers in a lively lesson called Higher And Higher: Amazing Skyscrapers from Discovery Education. Expand on this day-long lesson by including the many newer skyscraper choices in China and the United Arab Emirates. Include other sources, such as the Skyscrapers unit on BrainPOP. Discussion could also include economic and social issues—why build skyscrapers? At the end of the class, the students will use their research and scale drawings to create a skyline in the school hallway.

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6-Week Curriculum for Teaching Architecture to Kids

Architect Jeanne Gang working with a model
Architect Jeanne Gang working with a model. Photo courtesy of owner John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation licensed under a Creative Commons license (CC BY 4.0)

Why do buildings stand up? Who designs skyscrapers? What is green architecture? Here is One Plan for Teaching and Learning About Architecture, a crash course overview of architecture, including engineering, urban and environmental planning, great buildings, and the professions associated with the building trade. The suggested lessons can be adapted for grades 6 to 12—or even adult education. In six weeks, you can cover the basics of architecture while practicing core curriculum skills. For the elementary grades of K-5, check out Architecture: It's Elementary, a curriculum guide of interactive lesson plans created by the Michigan American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Michigan Architecture Foundation.

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Understanding Architectural Space

A student uses an Apple Mac computer
A student uses an Apple Mac computer. Photo by Adam Berry/Getty Images News Collection/Getty Images

Sure, you can download SketchUp for free, but then what? Designing a Space of My Own may be the answer. The Missouri 4-H and designer Lisa Hamilton-Hill have put together a no-nonsense software-based lesson plan for students from 5th grade through 12th grade. Using free software applications to "learn by doing," students can experience the design process firsthand with questions and activities that direct learning. The University of Missouri (MU) Youth Development Academy (YDA) is part of the University of Missouri Extension.

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Functional Landscapes

Gates Open to Hiking Path Along the Los Angeles River in California
Gates Open to Hiking Path Along the Los Angeles River in California. Photo by David McNew/Getty Images News/Getty Images

Students may understand that buildings are designed by architects, but who ever thinks about the land outside the building? Landscape Designs are high interest to anyone who doesn't own a home, and that means kids of every age. All the places you ride your bike and use your skateboard are thought  (rightly or wrongly) to be communal property. Help youngsters understand the responsibilities involved with public places—outdoor spaces are planned with as much precision as a skyscraper.

Although the insides of a bowling alley, basketball court, or hockey rink might all look alike, the same can't be said of golf courses or downhill ski slopes. Landscape design is a different type of architecture, whether it be the Victorian garden, the school campus, the local cemetery, or Disneyland.

The process of designing a park (or a vegetable garden, backyard fort, playground, or sports stadium) may end with a pencil sketch, a full-blown model, or implementation of a design. Check out the Olmsted Escapes to learn concepts of modeling, design, and revision. Learn about landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, well-known for designing public spaces like Central Park in New York City. For younger students, the National Park Service-designed Junior Ranger Activity Book (PDF) will help students understand what architects call "the built environment."

Project planning is a transferable skill, useful in many disciplines. Children who have practiced "the art of planning" will have an advantage over those who haven't.

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Build a Bridge

Workers stand on the new Bay Bridge Self-Anchored Suspension (SAS) tower
Construction of Bay Bridge in San Francisco, California in 2013. Photo by Justin Sullivan / Getty Images News / Getty Images (cropped)

From the Public Broadcasting television show, Nova, the companion site to Super Bridge lets kids build bridges based on four different scenarios. School children will enjoy the graphics, and the Website also has a teacher's guide and links to other helpful resources. Teachers can supplement the bridge-building activity by showing the Nova film Super Bridge, which chronicles the building of the Clark Bridge over the Mississippi River. For older students, download the bridge designer software distributed for free from Engineering Encounters.

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Roadside Architecture

World Famous Bob's Java Jive Building Shaped Like a Coffee Pot
World Famous Bob's Java Jive Building in Tacoma, Washington. Photo by Vintage Roadside/Moment/Getty Images (cropped)

A gas station shaped like a shoe. A cafe in a tea pot. A hotel that looks like a Native American wigwam. In this lesson about Roadside Attractions by the National Park Service, students examine amusing examples of roadside architecture and colossal advertising sculptures built in the 1920s and 1930s. Some are considered mimetic architecture. Some are just weird and wacky buildings, but functional. Students are then invited to design their own examples of roadside architecture. This free lesson plan is just one of dozens from the Teaching With Historic Places series offered by the National Register of Historic Places.

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Teaching and Learning with Your Local Newspaper

Illustration of Chrysler Building and Other Buildings in Manhattan, New York
Illustration of Chrysler Building and Other Buildings in Manhattan, New York. Illustration by Michael Kelly/Robert Harding World Imagery/Getty Images (cropped)

The Learning Network at The New York Times takes architecture-related news stories from their pages and transforms them into learning experiences for your students. Some articles are to be read. Some presentations are video. Suggested questions and lessons make the points about architecture and our environment. The archive is always being updated, but you don't need New York City to learn about architecture. Read your own local newspaper or magazine and become immersed in your own local architectural environment. Create video tours of your neighborhood and put them online to promote the beauty of your own sense of place.

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Games or Problem-Solving?

Tower of Hanoi Wooden Puzzle by Puzzle Master
Tower of Hanoi Wooden Puzzle by Puzzle Master. Image courtesy Amazon.com

Don't be fooled by the Towers of Hanoi game, whether played online or by using one of the many handheld games. Invented in 1883 by the French mathematician Edouard Lucas, the Tower of Hanoi is a complex pyramid puzzle. Many versions exist and maybe your students can invent others. Use different versions to compete, analyze results, and write reports. Students will stretch their spatial skills and reasoning abilities, and then develop their presentation and reporting skills.

In Addition to the Online Activity:

  • The Towers of Hanoi Puzzle Kindle Edition
    Buy on Amazon
  • Solid Wood Puzzle Tower of Hanoi by Learning Advantage
    Buy on Amazon
  • The Tower of Hanoi—Myths and Maths by Andreas M. Hinz, Sandi Klavzar, Uros Milutinovic, and Ciril Petr, Birkhäuser; 2013
    Buy on Amazon
  • Tower of Hanoi Wooden Puzzle by Puzzle Master
    Buy on Amazon

Also check out new puzzle apps like Monument Valley, a beautifully designed examination of geometry and problem solving.

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Plan Your Own Neighborhood

Pedestrian Circle in Shanghai, China is elevated encircling a large, busy motor intersection
Pedestrian Circle as Seen From the Pearl Tower, Shanghai, China. Photo by Krysta Larson/Moment/Getty Images

Can communities, neighborhoods, and cities be planned better? Can the "side walk" be reinvented and not be put aside? Through a series of activities that can be adapted to many different grade levels, the Metropolis curriculum enables children and teens to learn how to evaluate community design. The students write about their own neighborhoods, draw buildings and streetscapes, and interview residents. These and many other community design lesson plans are without cost from the American Planning Association.

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Lifelong Learning About Architecture

Older woman studying from a laptop computer
Learning is a Lifelong Process. Photo by Tim Boyle / Getty Images News / Getty Images (cropped)

We all have holes in our educational backgrounds, and these empty spaces often become more obvious later in life. When you have more time after retirement, consider learning about architecture from some of the best sources around, including edX Architecture Courses and Khan Academy.  You'll learn about architecture in context with art and history in the Khan humanities approach—easier on the legs than an intense worldwide travel tour.  For the younger retiree, this type of free learning is often used "to prepare" for those expensive field trips abroad.

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Craven, Jackie. "10 Free High-Interest Lessons - Architecture for All Ages." ThoughtCo, Apr. 28, 2017, thoughtco.com/free-lessons-architecture-for-kids-178445. Craven, Jackie. (2017, April 28). 10 Free High-Interest Lessons - Architecture for All Ages. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/free-lessons-architecture-for-kids-178445 Craven, Jackie. "10 Free High-Interest Lessons - Architecture for All Ages." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/free-lessons-architecture-for-kids-178445 (accessed December 11, 2017).