Humanities › Languages Using the French Future Tense Share Flipboard Email Print Tang Ming Tung / Getty Images Languages French Grammar Basics Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources for Teachers English as a Second Language Spanish German Italian Japanese Mandarin Russian English Grammar View More by ThoughtCo Updated January 17, 2019 When you're starting to learn any language, you need to know how to use the future tense. Although it functions similarly in French as in English, some differences are worth considering. Basic Future Tense in French The French future tense talks about upcoming events. While the French future tense has a full set of conjugations, the English equivalent is just the modal verb "will" plus the main verb. For example: J'irai au magasin demain. / I will go to the store tomorrow.Ils mangeront dans l'avion. / They will eat on the plane. Conditional Use The French future tense can also be used in si clauses, to express what will happen if a condition is met: Si j'ai le temps, je le ferai. / If I have time, I will do it.Je le ferai si j'ai le temps. / I will do it if I have time. French Vs. English There are some differences between the French and English future tenses. When the action of the verb after certain constructions will take place in the future, the future tense is used in French, whereas in English the present tense is used: Quand il arrivera, nous mangerons. / When he arrives, we will eat.Je vous téléphonerai dès que je pourrai. / I'll call you as soon as I can. In journalism and other factual narration, the future is often used in French even though the events are in the past: Né en Martinique, Aimé Césaire étudiera à Paris et redécouvrira l'Afrique. / Born in Martinique, Aimé Césaire studied in Paris and rediscovered Africa. In French, the future can also be used for polite orders and requests, in place of the vous form of the imperative: Vous fermerez la porte, s'il vous plaît. / Close the door, please. To express something that is going to occur very soon, you also can use the futur proche (near future tense). Irregular Verbs The future is one of the simplest French tenses. There is only one set of endings for all verbs, and most of them—even many that are irregular in the present tense—use their infinitive as the root. French has only about two dozen stem-changing or irregular verbs that have irregular future stems but take the same endings. The exact same verbs are irregular in the conditional and use the same stems. acheter > achèter- similar verbs: achever, amener, emmener, lever, promeneracquérir > acquerr- similar verbs: conquérir, s'enquérirappeler > appeller- similar verbs: épeler, rappeler, renouveleraller > ir-avoir > aur-courir > courr- similar verbs: concourir, discourir, parcourirdevoir > devr-envoyer > enverr-essayer > essaier- similar verbs: balayer, effrayer, payeressuyer > essuier- similar verbs: appuyer, ennuyerêtre > ser-faire > fer-falloir > faudr-jeter > jetter- similar verbs: feuilleter, hoqueter, projeter, rejeternettoyer > nettoier- similar verbs: employer, noyer, tutoyerpleuvoir > pleuvr-pouvoir > pourr-savoir > saur-tenir > tiendr- similar verbs: maintenir, obtenir, soutenirvaloir > vaudr-venir > viendr- similar verbs: devenir, parvenir, revenirvoir > verr- similar verb: revoirvouloir > voudr- French Future Conjugations To conjugate a verb ending in -er or -ir in the future tense, add the appropriate endings to the infinitive. For verbs ending in -re, remove the final -e and then add the future endings. For irregular verbs, add the endings to the irregular future stem. Here are the future conjugations for the regular verbs parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre (to sell), and the irregular verb aller (to go): Pronoun Future ending parler > parler- finir > finir- vendre > vendr- aller > ir- je -ai parlerai finirai vendrai irai tu -as parleras finiras vendras iras il -a parlera finira vendra ira nous -ons parlerons finirons vendrons irons vous -ez parlerez finirez vendrez irez ils -ont parleront finiront vendront iront Continue Reading What Are the Rules of French's Future Tense? How Do You Use Future Subjunctive in French? How to Use the French Conditional Mood If This, Then That: How to Use the 'Si' Clause in French Learn How to Use the French Future Perfect The Trick to Giving Orders in French You're Going to "Conquer" This French Verb Conjugation The French Conjunction 'Une Fois Que' Has No Use for the Subjunctive Learn How to Conjugate "Réduire" (to Reduce) in French Introduction to the French Present Tense How to Conjugate Mentir (to Lie) in French Learn How to Conjugate "Utiliser" (to Use) in French Learn How to Conjugation "Plaire" (to Please) in French Learn How to Conjugate "Paraître" (to Seem) in French How Do You Conjugate the Verb "Rire" (to Laugh) in French? How Do You Conjugate "Maintenir" (To Maintain) in French?