French Numbers - Nombres

01
of 05

French Numbers: 0-19

father practicing counting with son
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Lesson | Quiz (listening) | Quiz (written)

Learn how to count in French - click on the links to hear each number pronounced in French. French numbers 0 to 19 are pretty easy - it's just a matter of memorization.

0   zéro
1   un
2   deux
3   trois
4   quatre
5   cinq
6   six
7   sept
8   huit
9   neuf
10   dix

11   onze
12   douze
13   treize
14   quatorze
15   quinze
16   seize
17   dix-sept
18   dix-huit
19   dix-neuf

Pronunciation note

The consonants at the end of the French numbers cinq, six, huit, and dix are pronounced when at the end of a sentence or in front of a vowel. However, they drop the final sound when followed by a word beginning with a consonant (such as cent, fois, mois, or livres). For example, dix is normally pronounced [dees] and dix élèves is [dee zay lehv], but dix livres is pronounced [dee leevr(eu)]. (Note that the x at the end of six and dix, which is pronounced [s] at the end of a sentence, changes to [z] in front of vowels due to liaison.)

Expressions with numbers

Please click the boxes below to learn about more French numbers.

02
of 05

French Numbers - 20-59

Lesson

| Quiz (listening) |

Quiz (written)



For the French numbers 20 through 59, counting is just like in English: the tens word (

vingt

,

trente

,

quarante

, etc.) followed by the ones word (

un

,

deux

,

trois

). The only difference is that for 21, 31, 41, etc., the word

et

(and) is introduced between the tens word and "one":

vingt et un

,

trente et un

,

quarante et un

, etc.



20

   

vingt


21

   

vingt et un


22

   

vingt-deux


23

   

vingt-trois


24

   

vingt-quatre


25

   

vingt-cinq


26

   

vingt-six


27

   

vingt-sept


28

   

vingt-huit


29

   

vingt-neuf



30

   

trente


31

   

trente et un


32

   

trente-deux


33

   

trente-trois


34

   

trente-quatre


35

   

trente-cinq


36

   

trente-six


37

   

trente-sept


38

   

trente-huit


39

   

trente-neuf



40

   

quarante


41

   

quarante et un


42

   

quarante-deux


43

   

quarante-trois


44

   

quarante-quatre


45

   

quarante-cinq


46

   

quarante-six


47

   

quarante-sept


48

   

quarante-huit


49

   

quarante-neuf



50

   

cinquante


51

   

cinquante et un


52

   

cinquante-deux


53

   

cinquante-trois


55

   

cinquante-quatre


55

   

cinquante-cinq


56

   

cinquante-six


57

   

cinquante-sept


58

   

cinquante-huit


59

   

cinquante-neuf



Expressions with numbers

03
of 05

French Numbers - 60-79

Lesson

| Quiz (listening) |

Quiz (written)



The French numbers 60 to 69 follow the same rules as 20 to 59.



60

   

soixante


61

   

soixante et un


62

   

soixante-deux


63

   

soixante-trois


64

   

soixante-quatre


65

   

soixante-cinq


66

   

soixante-six


67

   

soixante-sept


68

   

soixante-huit


69

   

soixante-neuf



But then when 70 rolls around, instead of a new "tens" word,

soixante

is kept and the "ones" word continues counting from 10:



70

   

soixante-dix


71

   

soixante et onze


72

   

soixante-douze


73

   

soixante-treize


74

   

soixante-quatorze


75

   

soixante-quinze


76

   

soixante-seize


77

   

soixante-dix-sept


78

   

soixante-dix-huit


79

   

soixante-dix-neuf



So 70,

soixante-dix

in French, is literally "sixty-ten." 71 is

soixante et onze

(sixty and eleven), 72 is

soixante-douze

(sixty-twelve), and so on, up to 79.



In some French-speaking areas, such as Belgium and Switzerland, "seventy" is

septante

.




Practice your comprehension of French numbers 60 to 99 with my random number generator.

04
of 05

French Numbers - 80-99

Lesson | Quiz (listening) | Quiz (written)

There is no word for "eighty" in standard French,* instead 80 is quatre-vingts, literally four-twenties (think "four-score"). 81 is quatre-vingt-un (four-twenty-one), 82 is quatre-vingt-deux (four-twenty-two), and so on, all the way up to 89.

80   quatre-vingts
81   quatre-vingt-un
82   quatre-vingt-deux
83   quatre-vingt-trois
84   quatre-vingt-quatre
85   quatre-vingt-cinq
86   quatre-vingt-six
87   quatre-vingt-sept
88   quatre-vingt-huit
89   quatre-vingt-neuf

There's no word for ninety either, so you continue using quatre-vingt and adding from ten. 90 is quatre-vingt-dix (four-twenty-ten), 91 is quatre-vingt-onze (four-twenty-eleven), etc.

90   quatre-vingt-dix
91   quatre-vingt-onze
92   quatre-vingt-douze
93   quatre-vingt-treize
94   quatre-vingt-quatorze
95   quatre-vingt-quinze
96   quatre-vingt-seize
97   quatre-vingt-dix-sept
98   quatre-vingt-dix-huit
99   quatre-vingt-dix-neuf

*Once again, Switzerland and Belgium are exceptions. In Switzerland, 80 is huitante, but it's still quatre-vingts in Belgium. (You might also hear the archaic word octante in Switzerland or the South of France.) In both Switzerland and Belgium, 90 is nonante.

Practice your comprehension of French numbers 60 to 99 with my random number generator.

05
of 05

French Numbers - 100+

Lesson | Quiz (listening) | Quiz (written)

In French, 100 to 999 work just like in English - just say how many hundreds and then add the other numbers. Note that when cent is at the end of the number, it takes an s, but when it's followed by another number, the s is dropped.

100   cent
101   cent un
125   cent vingt-cinq

200   deux cents
201   deux cent un
243   deux cent quarante-trois

1,000+ are also similar to English, but there are a few things to note:

  • The separator is a period or space, rather than a comma (learn more)
  • Mille never takes an s, but million and milliard do
  • When reciting a long number, you can pause to take a breath at the separator (after mille, million, or milliard)
  • When million and milliard are followed by a noun, you need de in between: un million de dollars - a million dollars

1,000   mille - 1 000 or 1.000
2,000   deux mille - 2 000 or 2.000
2,500   deux mille cinq cents - 2 500 or 2.500
10,498   dix mille quatre cent quatre-vingt-dix-huit - 10.498 or 10 498

1,000,000   un million
2,000,000   deux millions
3,800,107   trois millions huit cent mille cent sept - 3.800.107 or 3 800 107

a billion   un milliard

Pronunciation notes

The consonants at the end of the French numbers cinq, six, huit, and dix are pronounced when at the end of a sentence or in front of a vowel, but silent when followed by a word beginning with a consonant (such as cent, mille, million, and stylo). For example, huit is normally pronounced [weet] and huit enfants is [wee ta(n) fa(n)], but huit cents is pronounced [wee sa(n)].

The numbers for some years have special pronunciation rules - see my lesson on years in French.

Expression