French Numbers - Nombres

father practicing counting with son
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Learn how to count in French - click on the links to hear each number pronounced in French. French numbers 0 to 19 are pretty easy - it's just a matter of memorization.

0-19


0   zéro
1   un
2   deux
3   trois
4   quatre
5   cinq
6   six
7   sept
8   huit
9   neuf
10   dix

11   onze
12   douze
13   treize
14   quatorze
15   quinze
16   seize
17   dix-sept
18   dix-huit
19   dix-neuf
 

Pronunciation note

The consonants at the end of the French numbers cinq, six, huit, and dix are pronounced when at the end of a sentence or in front of a vowel. However, they drop the final sound when followed by a word beginning with a consonant (such as cent, fois, mois, or livres). For example, dix is normally pronounced [dees] and dix élèves is [dee zay lehv], but dix livres is pronounced [dee leevr(eu)]. (Note that the x at the end of six and dix, which is pronounced [s] at the end of a sentence, changes to [z] in front of vowels due to liaison.)

 

Expressions with numbers

Please click the boxes below to learn about more French numbers.

20-59

For the French numbers 20 through 59, counting is just like in English: the tens word ( vingt, trente, quarante, etc.) followed by the ones word ( un, deux, trois). The only difference is that for 21, 31, 41, etc., the word et (and) is introduced between the tens word and "one": vingt et un, trente et un, quarante et un, etc.

20    vingt
21    vingt et un
22    vingt-deux
23    vingt-trois
24    vingt-quatre
25    vingt-cinq
26    vingt-six
27    vingt-sept
28    vingt-huit
29    vingt-neuf

30    trente
31    trente et un
32    trente-deux
33    trente-trois
34    trente-quatre
35    trente-cinq
36    trente-six
37    trente-sept
38    trente-huit
39    trente-neuf

40    quarante
41    quarante et un
42    quarante-deux
43    quarante-trois
44    quarante-quatre
45    quarante-cinq
46    quarante-six
47    quarante-sept
48    quarante-huit
49    quarante-neuf

50    cinquante
51    cinquante et un
52    cinquante-deux
53    cinquante-trois
55    cinquante-quatre
55    cinquante-cinq
56    cinquante-six
57    cinquante-sept
58    cinquante-huit
59    cinquante-neuf

Expressions with numbers

60-79

The French numbers 60 to 69 follow the same rules as 20 to 59.

60    soixante
61    soixante et un
62    soixante-deux
63    soixante-trois
64    soixante-quatre
65    soixante-cinq
66    soixante-six
67    soixante-sept
68    soixante-huit
69    soixante-neuf

But then when 70 rolls around, instead of a new "tens" word, soixante is kept and the "ones" word continues counting from 10:

70    soixante-dix
71    soixante et onze
72    soixante-douze
73    soixante-treize
74    soixante-quatorze
75    soixante-quinze
76    soixante-seize
77    soixante-dix-sept
78    soixante-dix-huit
79    soixante-dix-neuf

So 70, soixante-dix in French, is literally "sixty-ten." 71 is soixante et onze (sixty and eleven), 72 is soixante-douze (sixty-twelve), and so on, up to 79.

In some French-speaking areas, such as Belgium and Switzerland, "seventy" is septante.
 

80-99

There is no word for "eighty" in standard French,* instead 80 is quatre-vingts, literally four-twenties (think "four-score"). 81 is quatre-vingt-un (four-twenty-one), 82 is quatre-vingt-deux (four-twenty-two), and so on, all the way up to 89.

80   quatre-vingts
81   quatre-vingt-un
82   quatre-vingt-deux
83   quatre-vingt-trois
84   quatre-vingt-quatre
85   quatre-vingt-cinq
86   quatre-vingt-six
87   quatre-vingt-sept
88   quatre-vingt-huit
89   quatre-vingt-neuf

There's no word for ninety either, so you continue using quatre-vingt and adding from ten. 90 is quatre-vingt-dix (four-twenty-ten), 91 is quatre-vingt-onze (four-twenty-eleven), etc.

90   quatre-vingt-dix
91   quatre-vingt-onze
92   quatre-vingt-douze
93   quatre-vingt-treize
94   quatre-vingt-quatorze
95   quatre-vingt-quinze
96   quatre-vingt-seize
97   quatre-vingt-dix-sept
98   quatre-vingt-dix-huit
99   quatre-vingt-dix-neuf

*Once again, Switzerland and Belgium are exceptions. In Switzerland, 80 is huitante, but it's still quatre-vingts in Belgium. (You might also hear the archaic word octante in Switzerland or the South of France.) In both Switzerland and Belgium, 90 is nonante.

Practice your comprehension of French numbers 60 to 99 with my random number generator.

100+

In French, 100 to 999 work just like in English - just say how many hundreds and then add the other numbers. Note that when cent is at the end of the number, it takes an s, but when it's followed by another number, the s is dropped.

100   cent
101   cent un
125   cent vingt-cinq

200   deux cents
201   deux cent un
243   deux cent quarante-trois

1,000+ are also similar to English, but there are a few things to note:

  • The separator is a period or space, rather than a comma (learn more)
  • Mille never takes an s, but million and milliard do
  • When reciting a long number, you can pause to take a breath at the separator (after mille, million, or milliard)
  • When million and milliard are followed by a noun, you need de in between: un million de dollars - a million dollars

1,000   mille - 1 000 or 1.000
2,000   deux mille - 2 000 or 2.000
2,500   deux mille cinq cents - 2 500 or 2.500
10,498   dix mille quatre cent quatre-vingt-dix-huit - 10.498 or 10 498

1,000,000   un million
2,000,000   deux millions
3,800,107   trois millions huit cent mille cent sept - 3.800.107 or 3 800 107

a billion   un milliard

Pronunciation notes: The consonants at the end of the French numbers cinq, six, huit, and dix are pronounced when at the end of a sentence or in front of a vowel, but silent when followed by a word beginning with a consonant (such as cent, mille, million, and stylo). For example, huit is normally pronounced [weet] and huit enfants is [wee ta(n) fa(n)], but huit cents is pronounced [wee sa(n)].
 

Now, practice your French number skills using a quiz.