Languages › French Understanding French Numerical Adjectives Adjectifs numéraux Share Flipboard Email Print M_a_y_a / Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated February 04, 2019 In the French language, numerical adjectives aren't as complicated as they might sound - numerical adjective is simply the grammatical term for numbers. There are three types of numerical adjectives, each used for a different purpose - see table at the bottom of the page. Placement of Numerical Adjectives Cardinal numerical adjectives precede the noun they modify, as well as any other adjectives (numerical or not) that precede the noun. J'ai deux livres. I have two books. Il a acheté une nouvelle voiture. He bought a new car. les trois premiers jours the first three daysOrdinal numerical adjectives, multiplicatives, and the fraction demi usually precede the noun they modify: C'est le deuxième jour. It's the second day. Il veut un double whisky. He wants a double whiskey. J'y vais dans une heure et demie. I'm going in an hour and a half.Fractions, other than demi, require the following format in front of nouns: article/number + fraction + de: J'ai regardé un tiers du film. I watched a third of the movie. Il a bu deux cinquièmes de la bouteille. He drank two fifths of the bottle. Agreement of Numerical Adjectives Only a few numerical adjectives agree with the nouns they modify.1. Cardinal numbers - all invariable, except for "one": un homme (one man) / une femme (one woman) vs deux hommes (two men) / deux femmes (two women)2. Ordinal numbers - "First" is variable. The rest are invariable, but note that if preceded by a definite article, it must match the gender of the noun: le premier livre (the first book) / la première peinture (the first painting) vs le deuxième livre (the second book) / la troisième bouteille (the third bottle)3. Multiplicative numbers are all invariable.4. Fractions - demi can be masculine or feminine, while the others can be singular or plural: un demi kilo (half a kilo) / une demie bouteille (half a bottle) vs un quart (one fourth) / trois quarts (three fourths) Types of Numerical Adjectives Name Used for Examples Cardinal numbers Counting un, deux, trois Ordinal numbers Ranking premier, deuxième, troisième Multiplicative numbers Multiplying simple, double, triple Fractions Dividing un demi, un tiers, un quart *Fractions, with the exception of demi, are nouns rather than adjectives, but it makes sense to include them with the other types of numbers.Technically, numerical adjectives are not adjectives at all - they are a mathematical feature which, grammatically, act more or less like adjectives. Learn About French Determiners French Ordinal Numbers and Fractions All About French Indefinite Adjectives Lequel, a Difficult French Pronoun, Explained Difference Between These Two French Words for "New" How to Use French Attributive Adjectives Understanding and Using French Adjectives The French Word Tout and Its Variations How and When to Use the French Present Participle How and When to Use French Possessive Pronouns French Expressions With Dessus and Dessous Understanding the French Past Infinitive What Is Every French Personal Pronoun? French Superlative Adverbs - Adverbs Superlatifs French Articles Can Be Confusing — Here's How to Make Sense of Them What Are Some Common French Prepositions You Should Know?