Languages › French French Past Imperative - Impératif passé Introduction to the French past imperative Share Flipboard Email Print PeopleImages/DigitalVision/Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated January 30, 2019 The French past imperative is very rare because its usage is restricted to a single situation: it gives a command for something that must be done before a certain time. Aie écrit ce rapport demain. Have this report written by tomorrow.If you obey the instructions in the above example, when tomorrow comes the report will already be written, so the writing of it will be in the past, ergo, the past imperative. If you use the regular imperative, Écris ce rapport demain, the report won't yet be written when tomorrow rolls around: in accordance with the command, you will be writing it tomorrow. On the other hand, the careful use of a preposition can make all the difference - you could just say Écris ce rapport avant demain and avoid the past imperative altogether - probably another reason that it is so rare. Soyez partis à midi. Leave / Be gone by noon. Ayons fini les devoirs à 7h00. Let's have our homework done by 7:00.The past imperative is kind of similar in nuance to the past infinitive, except that it indicates a command rather than a statement of fact.<br/>Because the past imperative is so rare, there's really no need to learn how to use it, but you should be able to recognize it. How to Conjugate the Past Imperative The past imperative is a compound conjugation, which means it has two parts: imperative of the auxiliary verb (either avoir or être)past participle of the main verb Note: Like all French compound conjugations, the past imperative may be subject to grammatical agreement: When the auxiliary verb is être, the past participle must agree with the subjectWhen the auxiliary verb is avoir, the past participle may have to agree with its direct object As with the present imperative, the past imperative has conjugations for only three grammatical persons: tu, nous, and vous. Pronoun parler choisir avoir être (tu) aie parlé aie choisi aie eu aie été (nous) ayons parlé ayons choisi ayons eu ayons été (vous) ayez parlé ayez choisi ayez eu ayez été Pronoun sortir descendre aller venir (tu) sois sorti(e) sois descendu(e) sois allé(e) sois venu(e) (nous) soyons sorti(e)s soyons descendu(e)s soyons allé(e)s soyons venu(e)s (vous) soyez sorti(e)(s) soyez descendu(e)(s) soyez allé(e)(s) soyez venu(e)(s) Understanding the French Past Infinitive How to Use the French Past Subjunctive Introduction to the French Perfect Participle Learn How to Use the French Future Perfect Passé composé: French Compound Past Tense How to Conjugate Être Avoir: Conjugation of This Major Irregular French Verb How to Conjugate the Important French Verb Faire All about Être, a French Super Verb How Do You Conjugate the French Verb 'Couper' (to Cut)? How to Conjugate the Simple French Tenses of "Obtenir" (Obtain, Get) How to Conjugate the Simple French Tenses of 'Revenir' (to Come Back) How to Conjugate the Irregular French Verb Mettre How to Conjugate the French Verb Finir Learn How to Conjugate the French Irregular Verb Venir How to Conjugate the French Stem-Changing Verb 'Épeler'