Languages › French French Politeness Vocabulary and Expressions - Tu Versus Vous Share Flipboard Email Print David Sacks / Getty Images Prestige French Vocabulary Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar Resources For Teachers By Camille Chevalier-Karfis French Language Expert Camille is a teacher and author of many French audiobooks and audio lessons on modern spoken French. She co-created and runs French Today, offering original audio for adult students. our editorial process Camille Chevalier-Karfis Updated February 25, 2018 After you master your French survival phrases, the very next thing you need to conquer in French is politeness. Do Smile in France You may have heard that it was not OK to smile in France. I don't agree. I am Parisian born and raised, then lived 18 years in the US, then came back to France to raise my daughter among my (also French) husband family. People smile in France. Especially when they interact, ask for something, are trying to make a good impression. In a large city like Paris, smiling to everybody may make you look out of place. Especially if you are a woman and are smiling to each guy that looks at you: they may think you are flirting. However, that doesn't mean you shouldn't smile, especially when you are talking to someone. Lots of French students are afraid to speak French, and therefore have a very intense facial expression: it's not nice. So try to relax, breathe in, and smile! Tu Versus Vous - The French You There is MUCH to say on this subject which is deeply rooted in French history. But to sum it up. Use "tu" with one person you are talking to: a child, a close friend, an adult in a very relaxed setting, a family member, anyone who uses "tu" with you (unless they are much older than you).Use "vous" with everybody else you are talking to. An adult you are not close to, a colleague, a person much older than you... and with a group of several people (whether you say "tu" or "vous" to them individually. The choice between "tu" and "vous" also depends on social class (this is very important and the main reason why French people use "tu" or "vous" to talk to one person), geographic region, age, and... personal preference! Now, each time you learn a French expression using "you" - you'll have to learn two forms. The "tu" one and the "vous" one. French Politeness Essentials Monsieur - SirMadame - Lady, MadamMademoiselle - Miss, to be used with younger (too young to be married) women When addressing someone, it is much more polite in French to follow with "Monsieur", "Madame" or "Mademoiselle". In English, it may be a bit over the top, depending where you come from. Not in France. Oui - Yes.Non - No.Merci - Thank you.Bonjour - hi, hello.Au revoir - Bye.S'il vous plaît - please (using vous)/ S'il te plaît - please (saying tu)Je vous en prie - you're welcome (using vous) / Je t'en prie (saying tu)Désolé(e) - sorryPardon - sorryComment ? - Excuse me - when you couldn't hear someone.Excusez-moi (for vous) / excuse-moi (for tu) - excuse-meÀ vos souhaits (for vous) / à tes souhaits (for tu) - bless you (after someone sneezes) Of course, there is much more to say about French politeness. We suggest you check out look at the downloadable audio lesson on French Politeness to master the modern French pronunciation and all the cultural nuances linked to French politeness and greetings.