French Regular -ER Verbs

How to conjugate regular -ER verbs in French

French ER conjugation

There are five main kinds of verbs in French: regular -ER, -IR, -RE; stem-changing; and irregular. Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs, you should have no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. The majority of French verbs are regular -ER verbs. 

The verb form that ends in -ER is called the infinitive (in English, the infinitive is the verb preceded by the word "to"), and -ER is the infinitive ending.

The verb with the infinitive ending removed is called the stem or radical. To conjugate -ER verbs, remove the infinitive ending to find the stem and add the endings in the table below.

French regular -ER verb conjugations

To conjugate an -ER verb in the present tense, remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate endings. For example, here are the present tense conjugations for the regular -ER verbs parler (to speak), donner (to give), and visiter (to visit):
 
PronounEndingparler > parl-donner > donn-visiter > visit-   
 je -eparledonnevisite  
 tu -esparlesdonnesvisites  
 il -eparledonnevisite  
 nous -onsparlonsdonnonsvisitons  
 vous -ezparlezdonnezvisitez  
 ils -entparlentdonnentvisitent  
 
 

Regular -ER verbs share conjugation patterns in all tenses and moods.

Some Common French Regular -ER Verbs

French regular -ER verbs, by far the largest group of French verbs, share a conjugation pattern.

Here are just a few of the most common regular -ER verbs:

aimer   to like, to love

arriver   to arrive, to happen

chanter   to sing

chercher   to look for

commencer*   to begin

danser   to dance

demander   to ask for

dépenser   to spend (money)

détester   to hate

donner   to give

écouter   to listen to

étudier**   to study

fermer   to close

goûter   to taste

jouer   to play

laver   to wash

manger*   to eat

nager*   to swim

parler   to talk, to speak

passer   to pass, spend (time)

penser   to think

porter   to wear, to carry

regarder   to watch, to look at

rêver   to dream

sembler   to seem

skier*   to ski

travailler   to work

trouver   to find

visiter   to visit (a place)

voler   to fly, to steal

*All regular -ER verbs are conjugated according to the regular -ER verb conjugation pattern, except for one small irregularity in verbs that end in -ger and -cer, which are known as spelling-change verbs.


**Though conjugated just like regular -ER verbs, watch out for verbs that end in -IER.

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Lawless, Laura K. "French Regular -ER Verbs." ThoughtCo, Sep. 7, 2017, thoughtco.com/french-regular-er-verbs-1368840. Lawless, Laura K. (2017, September 7). French Regular -ER Verbs. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/french-regular-er-verbs-1368840 Lawless, Laura K. "French Regular -ER Verbs." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/french-regular-er-verbs-1368840 (accessed February 23, 2018).