How to Conjugate French Regular -ER Verbs

French ER conjugation

There are five main kinds of verbs in French: regular -ER, -IR, -RE; stem-changing; and irregular. Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs, you should have no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. The majority of French verbs are regular -ER verbs.

French Regular -ER Verb Conjugations

The verb form that ends in -ER is called the infinitive, and -ER is the infinitive ending.

The verb with the infinitive ending removed is called the stem or radical. To conjugate -ER verbs, remove the infinitive ending to find the stem and add the endings.

The table lists the present tense conjugations for the regular -ER verbs parler (to speak or talk), donner (to give), and visiter (to visit). To help with learning, the infinitive form is listed (such as parler) followed by the stem (such as parl-).

Pronoun

Ending

parler > parl-

donner > donn-

visiter > visit-

 je

 -e

parle

donne

visite

 tu

 -es

parles

donnes

visites

 il

 -e

parle

donne

visite

 nous

 -ons

parlons

donnons

visitons

 vous

 -ez

parlez

donnez

visitez

 ils

 -ent

parlent

donnent

visitent

Regular -ER verbs share conjugation patterns in all tenses and moods.

More -ER Verb Conjugations: Penser

The rules for conjugating regular -ER verbs remain the same throughout all tenses and moods: That's why they the are called "regular" -ER verbs. For your studies, it can be helpful, however, to view all the conjugations for all tenses of moods of a regular -ER verb, such as penser (to think).

Remember that to conjugate this regular -ER verb, simply take the stem -pense and then add the appropriate endings.

PronounPresent Future Imperfect
jepensepenseraipensais
tupensespenseraspensais
ilpensepenserapensait
nouspensonspenseronspensions
vouspensezpenserezpensiez
ilspensentpenserontpensaient

 

PronounSubjunctiveConditionalPassé SimpleImperfect Subjunctive
jepensepenseraispensaipensasse
tupensespenseraispensaspensasses
ilpensepenseraitpensapensât
nouspensionspenserionspensâmespensassions
vouspensiezpenseriezpensâtespensassiez
ilspensentpenseraientpensèrentpensassent

 

PronounImperative
tupense
nouspensons
vouspensez

Some Common French Regular -ER Verbs

Take some time to familiarize yourself with the most common regular -ER verbs, because you're likely to encounter these words often when reading or speaking French. They all share the same conjugation patterns, with a few exceptions noted below.

A Few Exceptions

All regular -ER verbs are conjugated according to the regular -ER verb conjugation pattern, except for one small irregularity in verbs that end in -ger and -cer, which are known as spelling-change verbs. Examples of this kind of conjugation would be commencer (to begin), manger (to eat), nager (to swim), and skier (to ski).

Though they are conjugated just like regular -ER verbs, watch out for verbs that end in -IER, such as étudier (to study).

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ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate French Regular -ER Verbs." ThoughtCo, May. 14, 2018, thoughtco.com/french-regular-er-verbs-1368840. ThoughtCo. (2018, May 14). How to Conjugate French Regular -ER Verbs. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/french-regular-er-verbs-1368840 ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate French Regular -ER Verbs." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/french-regular-er-verbs-1368840 (accessed June 19, 2018).