French Revolution Timeline: 1795 - 1799 (The Directory)

Page 1

1795

January

February
• February 3: The Batavian Republic proclaimed in Amsterdam.
• February 17: Peace of La Jaunaye: Vendéan rebels offered an amnesty, freedom of worship and no conscription.
• February 21: Freedom of worship returns, but church and state are officially separated.

April
• April 1-2: Germinal uprising demanding the 1793 constitution.
• April 5: Treaty of Basle between France and Prussia.
• April 17: The Law of Revolutionary Government is suspended.
• April 20: Peace of La Prevalaye between Vendéan rebels and the central government with the same terms as La Jaunaye.
• April 26: Representatives en mission abolished.

May
• May 4: Prisoners massacred in Lyons.
• May 16: Treaty of the Hague between France and the Batavian Republic (Holland).
• May 20-23: Uprising of Prairial demanding the 1793 constitution.
• May 31: The Revolutionary Tribunal closed.

June
• June 8: Louis XVII dies.
• June 24: Declaration of Verona by self declared Louis XVIII; his statement that France must return to the pre-revolutionary system of privilege ends any hope of a return to monarchy.
• June 27: Quiberon Bay Expedition: British ships land a force of militant émigrés, but they fail to break out. 748 are caught and executed.

July
• July 22: Treaty of Basle between France and Spain.

August
• August 22: Constitution of the Year III and the Two Thirds Law passed.

September
• September 23: Year IV begins.

October
• October 1: Belgium annexed by France.
• October 5: Uprising of Vendémiaire.
• October 7: Law of Suspects cancelled.
• October 25: Law of 3 Brumaire: émigrés and the seditious barred from public office.
• October 26: Final session of the Convention.
• October 26-28: The Electoral Assembly of France meets; they elect the Directory.

November
• November 3: The Directory begins.
• November 16: The Pantheon Club opens.

December
• December 10: A forced loan is called.

1796

1797

1798

• November 25: Rome is captured by Neopolitans.

1799

January

March
• March 12: Austria declares war on France.

April
• April 10: The Pope is brought to France as a captive. Elections of the Year VII.

May
• May 9: Reubell leaves the Directory and is replaced by Sieyés.

June
• June 16: Aggravated by France losses and disputes with the Directory, the ruling Councils of France agree to sit permanently.
• June 17: The Councils overturn the election of Treilhard as Director and replace him with Ghier.
• June 18: Coup d'état of 30 Prairial, 'Journee of the Councils': the Councils purge the Directory of Merlin de Douai and La Révellière-Lépeaux.

July
• July 6: Foundation of the neo-Jacobin Manège club.
• July 15: Law of Hostages allows hostages to be taken among émigrés families.

August
• August 5: A loyalist uprising occurs near Toulouse.
• August 6: Forced loan decreed.
• August 13: Manège club shut down.
• August 15: French General Joubert is killed at Novi, a French defeat.
• August 22: Bonaparte leaves Egypt to return to France.
• August 27: An Anglo-Russian expeditionary force lands in Holland.
• August 29: Pope Pius VI dies in French captivity at Valence.

September
• September 13: The 'Country in Danger' motion is rejected by the Council of 500.
• September 23: Start of Year VIII.

October
• October 9: Bonaparte lands in France.
• October 14: Bonaparte arrives in Paris.
• October 18: The Anglo-Russian expeditionary force flees from Holland.
• October 23: Lucien Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon, is elected president of the Council of 500.

November
• November 9-10: Napoleon Bonaparte, aided by his brother and Sieyès, overthrows the Directory.
• November 13: Repeal of the Law of Hostages.

December
• December 25: Constitution of the Year VIII proclaimed, creating the Consulate.

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