Languages › French Conjugating Regular French Verbs in the Subjunctive Subjunctive conjugations are straightforward, especially with regular verbs Share Flipboard Email Print ThoughtCo French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By Staff Author Updated February 18, 2020 A mood is a special verb form that describes a subject's attitude. In French, the subjunctive mood essentially expresses subjectivity and unreality. It is used with actions or ideas that are subjective or otherwise uncertain, such as will or wanting, emotion, doubt, possibility, necessity, and judgment. When to Use the Subjunctive To be more specific, this mood is used with: Expressions of will (orders, advice, desires) Emotions and feelings Opinion, possibility, doubt Affirmative versus negative statements Conjunctive phrases Superlatives Negative and indefinite pronouns The subjunctive mood is nearly always found in dependent clauses introduced by que or qui, and the subjects of the dependent and main clauses are usually different. For example, Je veux que tu le fasses. –> I want you to do it. Il faut que nous partions. –> We have to leave. The Regular Subjunctive While it may take a while to fully understand how to use the subjunctive, conjugating it is relatively straightforward, especially with regular verbs. To conjugate all regular verbs ending in -er, -ir, and -re, as well as some irregular ones, start with the third person plural ils form of the present tense of the verb. Then just drop the -ent ending to find the stem and add the subjunctive endings. One thing to keep in mind is that there is no future tense in the subjunctive. It's also important to know that many verbs that are irregular in the present tense are regular in the subjunctive, including all -ir verbs conjugated like partir and sortir and -re verbs conjugated like mettre. Conjugating the Regular Subjunctive To conjugate regular subjunctive verbs, the key is to find the verb's third person plural form in the present tense, identify the stem and add all of the subjunctive endings to that stem. As a general rule, adhere to the conjugation patterns shown below in number and person: parler choisir rendre partir sortir mettre ils parlent choisissent rendent partent sortent mettent stem parl- choisiss- rend- part- sort- mett- Subjunctive endings ... que je -e parle choisisse rende parte sorte mette ... que tu -es parles choisisses rendes partes sortes mettes ... qu' il/elle/on -e parle choisisse rende parte sorte mette ... que nous -ions parlions choisissions rendions partions sortions mettions ... que vous -iez parliez choisissiez rendiez partiez sortiez mettiez ... qu' ils/elles -ent parlent choisissent rendent partent sortent mettent The Irregular Subjunctive Irregular verbs, as well as all stem-changing verbs, have irregular subjunctive conjugations. Keep in mind that stem-changing verbs and most irregular verbs follow the same pattern as regular verbs for the singular conjugations (je, tu, il/elle/on) as well as the third person plural (ils/elles): The subjunctive stem is derived from the present tense conjugation of ils. Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Author, Staff. "Conjugating Regular French Verbs in the Subjunctive." ThoughtCo, May. 12, 2021, thoughtco.com/french-subjunctive-regular-conjugations-1368957. Author, Staff. (2021, May 12). Conjugating Regular French Verbs in the Subjunctive. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/french-subjunctive-regular-conjugations-1368957 Author, Staff. "Conjugating Regular French Verbs in the Subjunctive." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/french-subjunctive-regular-conjugations-1368957 (accessed August 2, 2021). copy citation French Grammar Glossary: Future Subjunctive Is Present Subjunctive French Subjunctive Irregular Conjugations French Verb Conjugator: How To Conjugate French Verbs Conjugating the Regular French Verb 'Choisir' ('to Choose') Conjugating French Regular -ER Verbs Attendre: To Wait (For) 'L'Imparfait du Subjonctif': An Important French Literary Tense French Verb Finir Conjugation All About the Regular French Verb 'Laisser' ('to Leave') French Regular -RE Verbs All About French Irregular '-ir' Verbs Conjugating the French '-re' Verb 'Défendre' ('to Defend, Forbid') Conjugating Regular French '-IR' Verbs How to Conjugate the French Stem-Changing Verb 'Épeler' -AYER: French Stem-Changing Verbs Conjugating the French Verb "Manger" "to Eat"