Languages › French Canadian Provinces and Territories Translated to French Share Flipboard Email Print Ashwenna / Moment / Getty Images French Vocabulary Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated June 23, 2019 Canada is officially a bilingual country, so each Canadian province and territory has both an English and a French name. Notice which are feminine and which are masculine. Knowing the gender will help you choose the correct definite article and geographical prepositions to use with each province and territory. In Canada, since 1897, names on official federal government maps have been authorized through a national committee, now known as the Geographical Names Board of Canada (GNBC). This includes both English and French names since both languages are official in Canada. 10m of 33.5m Canadians Speak French According to the country's 2011 Census of Population, in 2011, close to 10 million in a total national population of 33.5 million reported being able to conduct a conversation in French, compared with less than 9.6 million in 2006. However, the proportion of those being able to speak French declined slightly to 30.1% in 2011, from 30.7% five years earlier. (The total Canadian population is estimated to have grown to 36.7 in 2017 since the 2011 Canadian census.) 7.3m of 33.5m Canadians Call French Their Mother Tongue Approximately 7.3 million Canadians reported French as their mother tongue and 7.9 million spoke French at home at least on a regular basis. The number of Canadians with French as their first official language spoken increased from 7.4 million in 2006 to 7.7 million in 2011. Canada's francophonie is centered in Quebec, where 6,231,600, or 79.7 percent of Quebecers, consider French their mother tongue. Many more speak French at home: 6,801,890, or 87 percent of the Quebec population. Outside Quebec, three-quarters of those reporting they speak French at home live in New Brunswick or Ontario, while the presence of French has grown in Alberta and British Columbia. The 10 Canadian Provinces French English L'Alberta Alberta La Colombie-Britannique British Columbia Le Manitoba Manitoba Le Nouveau-Brunswick New Brunswick La Nouvelle-Écosse Nova Scotia L'Ontario Ontario Le Québec Quebec La Saskatchewan Saskatchewan La Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador Île-du-Prince-Édouard Prince Edward Island The 3 Canadian Territories French English Le Nunavut Nunavut Les Territoires du Nord-Ouest Northwest Territories Le Yukon (Territoire) Yukon (Territory) How Many People Speak French and Where Is It the Official Language? From Alabama to Wyoming, What Are the French Names of All 50 States? What Words Should You Capitalize in French? How to Conjugate the Irregular French Verb Mettre How to Conjugate the Important French Verb Faire La Famille and French Family Vocabulary Do You Know the Words to France's National Anthem? Avoir: Conjugation of This Major Irregular French Verb How to Conjugate Être How to Conjugate the French Verb Finir French Webquest: Research Project for French Class How to Improve Your French Reading Comprehension How Would You Describe Someone in French? How to Tell Time in French How Can a Bilingual Dictionary Help When Learn French? What's the Difference Between French Interpretation and Translation?