Canadian Provinces and Territories Translated to French

Illustration of Canada's Provinces and Territories

Ashwenna / Moment / Getty Images 

Canada is officially a bilingual country, so each Canadian province and territory has both an English and a French name. Notice which are feminine and which are masculine. Knowing the gender will help you choose the correct definite article and geographical prepositions to use with each province and territory.

In Canada, since 1897, names on official federal government maps have been authorized through a national committee, now known as the Geographical Names Board of Canada (GNBC). This includes both English and French names since both languages are official in Canada.

10m of 33.5m Canadians Speak French

According to the country's 2011 Census of Population, in 2011, close to 10 million in a total national population of 33.5 million reported being able to conduct a conversation in French, compared with less than 9.6 million in 2006. However, the proportion of those being able to speak French declined slightly to 30.1% in 2011, from 30.7% five years earlier. (The total Canadian population is estimated to have grown to 36.7 in 2017 since the 2011 Canadian census.)

7.3m of 33.5m Canadians Call French Their Mother Tongue

Approximately 7.3 million Canadians reported French as their mother tongue and 7.9 million spoke French at home at least on a regular basis. The number of Canadians with French as their first official language spoken increased from 7.4 million in 2006 to 7.7 million in 2011.

Canada's francophonie is centered in Quebec, where 6,231,600, or 79.7 percent of Quebecers, consider French their mother tongue. Many more speak French at home: 6,801,890, or 87 percent of the Quebec population. Outside Quebec, three-quarters of those reporting they speak French at home live in New Brunswick or Ontario, while the presence of French has grown in Alberta and British Columbia.​

The 10 Canadian Provinces 

French English
L'Alberta Alberta
La Colombie-Britannique British Columbia
Le Manitoba Manitoba
Le Nouveau-Brunswick New Brunswick
La Nouvelle-Écosse Nova Scotia
L'Ontario Ontario
Le Québec Quebec
La Saskatchewan Saskatchewan
La Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador
Île-du-Prince-Édouard Prince Edward Island

The 3 Canadian Territories

French English
Le Nunavut Nunavut
Les Territoires du Nord-Ouest Northwest Territories
Le Yukon (Territoire) Yukon (Territory)

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Team, ThoughtCo. "Canadian Provinces and Territories Translated to French." ThoughtCo, Dec. 6, 2021, Team, ThoughtCo. (2021, December 6). Canadian Provinces and Territories Translated to French. Retrieved from Team, ThoughtCo. "Canadian Provinces and Territories Translated to French." ThoughtCo. (accessed March 20, 2023).