Languages › French What Are the French Names of Countries, Nationalities, and Languages? Share Flipboard Email Print Simon Jakubowski / EyeEm / Getty Images French Vocabulary Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Team Updated on August 30, 2018 Using the names of countries around the world is fairly easy if you have memorized them. This is an easy vocabulary lesson because the French names are very similar to what you are used to saying in English. The only tricky part is making sure you use the correct prepositions, which change with the gender of the country or continent you're discussing. Beyond the country name itself, we will learn the word describing the nationality of a country's residents and the names of the primary languages spoken. Plus, we will review the names for the world's continents. Note that the additional letters required to make nationalities and adjectives feminine are indicated in parentheses after the relevant words. Finally, wherever you see a little speaker after a name, you can click on it and hear the word pronounced. The Continents (Les Continents) There are the seven continents of the world; seven is the prevailing convention at present, while some countries list six continents and others, five. Notice the similarities between the English and French names. The adjectives are very similar and can be used to describe the residents of each continent. Continent In French Adjective Africa Afrique Africain(e) Antarctica Antarctique Asia Asie Asiatique Australia Australie Australien(ne) Europe Europe Européen(ne) North America Amérique du Nord Nord-Américain(e) South America Amérique du Sud Sud-Américain(e) Languages and Nationalities (Les Langues et Les Nationalités) It would be a very long list if we were to include every country in the world, so only a small selection is included in this lesson. It is designed to give you an idea of how countries, nationalities, and languages are translated between English and French; it's intended as an indicative list, not a comprehensive list of countries. That said, we do have a comprehensive list of the French names for the world's countries elsewhere, which you do well to review. For nationalities, the proper noun and adjective are exactly the same, except the proper noun is capitalized, while the adjective is not capitalized. Thus: un Américain but un type américain. You will also note that the masculine adjective for many of these countries is spelled and pronounced just like the languages. Only the primary languages for each country are included in the list, though many countries have citizens who speak many languages. Also, note that the names of the languages are always masculine and are not capitalized. Country Name Name In French Nationality Language(s) Algeria Algérie Algérien(ne) l'arabe, le français Australia Australie Australien(ne) l'anglais Belgium Belgique Belge le flamand, le français Brazil Brésil Brésilien(ne) le portugais Canada Canada Canadien(ne) le français, l'anglais China Chine Chinois(e) le chinois Egypt Egypte Égyptien(ne) l'arabe England Angleterre Anglais(e) l'anglais France France Français(e) le français Germany Allemagne Allemand(e) l'allemand India Inde Indien(ne) l'hindi (plus many others) Ireland Irlande Irlandais(e) l'anglais, l'irlandais Italy Italie Italien(ne) l'italien Japan Japon Japonais(e) le japonais Mexico Mexique Mexicain(e) l'espagnol Morocco Maroc Marocain(e) l'arabe, le français Netherlands Pays-Bas Néerlandais(e) le néerlandais Poland Pologne Polonais(e) le polonais Portugal Portugal Portugais(e) le portugais Russia Russie Russe le russe Senegal Sénégal Sénégalais(e) le français Spain Espagne Espagnol(e) l'espagnol Switzerland Suisse Suisse l'allemand, le français, l'italien United States United Stats Américain(e) l'anglais Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Team, ThoughtCo. "What Are the French Names of Countries, Nationalities, and Languages?" ThoughtCo, Dec. 6, 2021, thoughtco.com/french-vocabulary-countries-nationalities-and-languages-4079488. Team, ThoughtCo. (2021, December 6). What Are the French Names of Countries, Nationalities, and Languages? Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/french-vocabulary-countries-nationalities-and-languages-4079488 Team, ThoughtCo. "What Are the French Names of Countries, Nationalities, and Languages?" ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/french-vocabulary-countries-nationalities-and-languages-4079488 (accessed January 27, 2022). copy citation Spot the Mistake in 'Parlez-Vous Français' How to Say the Countries of the World in French What French Prepositions Go With Countries and Continents? What Words Should You Capitalize in French? 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