Languages › French How to Conjugate "Gagner" (to Win, to Earn) in French You' "Win" If You Can Master This Verb Conjugation Lesson Share Flipboard Email Print Hero Images / Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Team Updated September 22, 2017 French verbs tend to be a challenge for students. While the conjugations of gagner are rather common, remembering that it means "to win" or "to earn" is a bit more difficult. Yet, by the time you're done learning how to conjugate gagner to mean "won" or "will earn," it will be implanted in your memory. Conjugating the French Verb Gagner Gagner is a regular -ER verb and it follows a very common verb conjugation pattern. In fact, the majority of French verbs use the same endings you'll learn here and that makes each new one just a little easier to remember. Whenever we begin a conjugation, it's important to recognize the verb stem. In this case, it's gagn-. With that bit of knowledge, we can add a variety of endings that match both the subject pronoun and the tense of the sentence. For instance, "I am winning" is "je gagne" and "we will win" is "nous gagnerons." Subject Present Future Imperfect je gagne gagnerai gagnais tu gagnes gagneras gagnais il gagne gagnera gagnait nous gagnons gagnerons gagnions vous gagnez gagnerez gagniez ils gagnent gagneront gagnaient The Present Participle of Gagner The present participle of gagner is formed by adding -ant to the verb stem, giving us gagnant. It's a very useful word that stretches beyond the verb usage. You may also find it helpful as an adjective, gerund, or noun. The Past Participle and Passé Composé The passé composé is a common past tense form used in French. To construct it, begin by conjugating the auxiliary verb avoir to match the subject pronoun, then attach the past participle gagné. For example, "I won" is "j'ai gagné" and "we earned" is "nous avons gagné." More Simple Gagner Conjugations to Learn While those forms of gagner are most important, there are a few more conjugations you should consider learning. In conversation, for instance, you can imply a degree of uncertainty or dependency by using either the subjunctive verb mood or the conditional. If you read a lot of French, you will encounter the passé simple. Likewise, the imperfect subjunctive is a literary tense and it's a good idea to be able to recognize these. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive je gagne gagnerais gagnai gagnasse tu gagnes gagnerais gagnas gagnasses il gagne gagnerait gagna gagnât nous gagnions gagnerions gagnâmes gagnassions vous gagniez gagneriez gagnâtes gagnassiez ils gagnent gagneraient gagnèrent gagnassent To use gagner in short statements, use the imperative form and skip the subject pronoun. Instead of "tu gagne," use "gagne" alone. Imperative (tu) gagne (nous) gagnons (vous) gagnez Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Team, ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Gagner" (to Win, to Earn) in French." ThoughtCo, Sep. 2, 2021, thoughtco.com/gagner-to-win-to-earn-1370361. Team, ThoughtCo. (2021, September 2). How to Conjugate "Gagner" (to Win, to Earn) in French. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/gagner-to-win-to-earn-1370361 Team, ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Gagner" (to Win, to Earn) in French." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/gagner-to-win-to-earn-1370361 (accessed October 18, 2021). copy citation Watch Now: How to Say "I'm a Student" in French How to Conjugate "Corriger" (to Correct) in French How to Conjugate "Attacher" (to Attach) How to Conjugate "Fumer" (to Smoke) in French How to Conjugate "Expliquer" (to Explain) in French How to Conjugate "Cuisiner" (to Cook) How to Conjugate Décider, to Decide, in French How to Conjugate "Inviter" (to Invite) in French Learn How to Conjugate "Oublier" (to Forget) in French How to Conjugate "Durer" (to Last) How to Conjugate "Essuyer" (to Wipe) How to Conjugate "Coudre" (to Sew) in French How to Conjugate "Habiller" (to Dress Someone) How to Conjugate the French Verb Découvrir How to Conjugate "Grandir" (to Grow) French Conjugations of "Répondre" (to Answer) How Is "Enseigner" (to Teach) Conjugated in French?