China's 23 Provinces

Taiwan and Macau Are Not Provinces

Provinces of China
Provinces of China. Pexels

In terms of its area, China is the third largest country in the world but it is the world's largest based on population. Because it is so large, China is divided into 23 provinces, 22 of the provinces are controlled by the People's Republic of China (PRC). The 23rd province, Taiwan, is claimed by the PRC but it is not controlled by the PRC and is thus a de facto independent country.

Hong Kong and Macau are not provinces of China but are called special administrative areas.

Hong Kong comes in at 427.8 square miles (1,108 sq km) and Macau at 10.8 square miles (28.2 sq km).

The following is a list of China's provinces ordered by land area. Capital cities of the provinces have also been included for reference.

China's Provinces, From Largest to Smallest

Qinghai
• Area: 278,457 square miles (721,200 sq km)
• Capital: Xining

Sichuan
• Area: 187,260 square miles (485,000 sq km)
• Capital: Chengdu

Gansu
• Area: 175,406 square miles (454,300 sq km)
• Capital: Lanzhou

Heilongjiang
• Area: 175,290 square miles (454,000 sq km)
• Capital: Harbin

Yunnan
• Area: 154,124 square miles (394,000 sq km)
• Capital: Kunming

Hunan
• Area: 81,081 square miles (210,000 sq km)
• Capital: Changsha

Shaanxi
• Area: 79,382 square miles (205,600 sq km)
• Capital: Xi'an

Hebei
• Area: 72,471 square miles (187,700 sq km)
• Capital: Shijiazhuang

Jilin
• Area: 72,355 square miles (187,400 sq km)
• Capital: Changchun

Hubei
• Area: 71,776 square miles (185,900 sq km)
• Capital: Wuhan

Guangdong
• Area: 69,498 square miles (180,000 sq km)
• Capital: Guangzhou

Guizhou
• Area: 67,953 square miles (176,000 sq km)
• Capital: Guiyang

Jiangxi
• Area: 64,479 square miles (167,000 sq km)
• Capital: Nanchang

Henan
• Area: 64,479 square miles (167,000 sq km)
• Capital: Zhengzhou

Shanxi
• Area: 60,347 square miles (156,300 sq km)
• Capital: Taiyuan

Shandong
• Area: 59,382 square miles (153,800 sq km)
• Capital: Jinan

Liaoning
• Area: 56,332 square miles (145,900 sq km)
• Capital: Shenyang

Anhui
• Area: 53,938 square miles (139,700 sq km)
• Capital: Hefei

Fujian
• Area: 46,834 square miles (121,300 sq km)
• Capital: Fuzhou

Jiangsu
• Area: 39,614 square miles (102,600 sq km)
• Capital: Nanjing

Zhejiang
• Area: 39,382 square miles (102,000 sq km)
• Capital: Nanjing

Taiwan
• Area: 13,738 square miles (35,581 sq km)
• Capital: Taipei

Hainan
• Area: 13,127 square miles (34,000 sq km)
• Capital: Haikou

Format
mla apa chicago
Your Citation
Briney, Amanda. "China's 23 Provinces." ThoughtCo, Feb. 11, 2018, thoughtco.com/geography-of-chinas-provinces-1434415. Briney, Amanda. (2018, February 11). China's 23 Provinces. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/geography-of-chinas-provinces-1434415 Briney, Amanda. "China's 23 Provinces." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/geography-of-chinas-provinces-1434415 (accessed February 24, 2018).