Languages › English as a Second Language A Guide to German Plural Nouns With -e Endings There are several ways to make a noun plural in German Share Flipboard Email Print Montserrat Prats Barrull / EyeEm / Getty Images English as a Second Language Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Business English Resources for Teachers By Ingrid Bauer German Language Expert M.A., German Studies, McGill University B.A., German and French Ingrid Bauer, who is fluent in German, has been teaching and tutoring the German language since 1996. She has a teaching degree and an M.A. in German studies. our editorial process Ingrid Bauer Updated October 22, 2017 There are several different ways to make a noun plural in German. A common way is to add an -e at the end of the word. When to Add an -e Most German nouns of all genders that consist of one syllable will add -e at the end to form plurals. Some nouns will also have umlaut changes. Example 1: Here, the noun gains an -e at the end and the noun becomes plural instead of masculine. der Schuh (the shoe, singular) becomes die Schuhe (plural). Ich habe meinen Schuh verloren. (I lost my shoe.) Ich habe meine Schuhe verloren. (I lost my shoes.) Example 2: Here, the noun not only gains an -e at the end, but the "u" gets an umlaut. die Wurst (the sausage, singular) becomes die Würste (plural). Ich esse eine Wurst. (I’m eating a sausage.) Ich esse die Würste. (I'm eating sausages.) When Plural Nouns Take a Different Ending The only time a different plural ending is added is when the noun is dative. In this case, the noun always adds an -en ending. See the chart below for a summary of this plural group in all cases. In this chart, nom. stands for nominative, acc. stands for accusative, dat. stands for dative and gen. is genitive. Plural Nouns With -e Endings Read more about plural nouns here. Case Singular Plural nom.acc.dat.gen. der Hund (the dog)den Hunddem Hunddes Hundes die Hundedie Hundeden Hundender Hunde nom.acc.dat.gen. die Hand (the hand)die Handder Handder Hand die Händedie Händeden Händender Hände nom.acc.dat.gen. das Hemd (the shirt)das Hemddem Hemddes Hemdes die Hemdedie Hemdeden Hemdender Hemde Learn About German Plural Nouns With -n and -en endings German Plural Nouns Guide to German Plural Nouns with -er Endings Plural Noun Forms How to Properly Say 'I'm Cold' in German Italian Nouns With Irregular Gender The German Infinitive Italian Verb Conjugations: "Vestirsi" (To Wear or Get Dressed) Italian Definite Article Forms Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Svegliarsi' Conjugate the Italian Verb 'Preferire' Aus Versus Von Learn the Difference Between "Sehr" and "Viel" in German How to Use Definite Articles in German Asking Questions in German Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Amare'