Learn About German Plural Nouns With -e Endings

There are several ways to make a noun plural in German

There are several different ways to make a noun plural in German. A common way is to add an -e at the end of the word. 

When to Add an -e

Most German nouns of all genders that consist of one syllable will add -e at the end to form plurals. Some nouns will also have umlaut changes.

Example 1: Here, the noun gains an -e at the end and the noun becomes plural instead of masculine.

der Schuh (the shoe, singular) becomes die Schuhe (plural).

Ich habe meinen Schuh verloren. (I lost my shoe.)

Ich habe meine Schuhe verloren. (I lost my shoes.)

Example 2: Here, the noun not only gains an -e at the end, but the "u" gets an umlaut. 

die Wurst (the sausage, singular) becomes die Würste (plural).

Ich esse eine Wurst. (I’m eating a sausage.)

Ich esse die Würste. (I'm eating sausages.)

When Plural Nouns Take a Different Ending


The only time a different plural ending is added is when the noun is dative. In this case, the noun always adds an -en ending.

See the chart below for a summary of this plural group in all cases. In this chart, nom. stands for nominative, acc. stands for accusative, dat. stands for dative and gen. is genitive. 

Plural Nouns With -e Endings

Read more about plural nouns here. 

CaseSingularPlural
nom.
acc.
dat.
gen.
der Hund (the dog)
den Hund
dem Hund
des Hundes
die Hunde
die Hunde
den Hunden
der Hunde
nom.
acc.
dat.
gen.
die Hand (the hand)
die Hand
der Hand
der Hand
die Hände
die Hände
den Händen
der Hände
nom.
acc.
dat.
gen.
das Hemd (the shirt)
das Hemd
dem Hemd
des Hemdes
die Hemde
die Hemde
den Hemden
der Hemde