Humanities Languages A Guide to German Plural Nouns With -e Endings There are several ways to make a noun plural in German Share Flipboard Email Print Montserrat Prats Barrull / EyeEm / Getty Images Languages English as a Second Language Grammar Basics Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Business English Resources for Teachers Spanish French German Italian Japanese Mandarin Russian English Grammar View More by Ingrid Bauer Ingrid Bauer, who is fluent in German, has been teaching and tutoring the German language since 1996. She has a teaching degree and an M.A. in German studies. Updated October 22, 2017 There are several different ways to make a noun plural in German. A common way is to add an -e at the end of the word. When to Add an -e Most German nouns of all genders that consist of one syllable will add -e at the end to form plurals. Some nouns will also have umlaut changes. Example 1: Here, the noun gains an -e at the end and the noun becomes plural instead of masculine. der Schuh (the shoe, singular) becomes die Schuhe (plural). Ich habe meinen Schuh verloren. (I lost my shoe.) Ich habe meine Schuhe verloren. (I lost my shoes.) Example 2: Here, the noun not only gains an -e at the end, but the "u" gets an umlaut. die Wurst (the sausage, singular) becomes die Würste (plural). Ich esse eine Wurst. (I’m eating a sausage.) Ich esse die Würste. (I'm eating sausages.) When Plural Nouns Take a Different Ending The only time a different plural ending is added is when the noun is dative. In this case, the noun always adds an -en ending. See the chart below for a summary of this plural group in all cases. In this chart, nom. stands for nominative, acc. stands for accusative, dat. stands for dative and gen. is genitive. Plural Nouns With -e Endings Read more about plural nouns here. Case Singular Plural nom.acc.dat.gen. der Hund (the dog)den Hunddem Hunddes Hundes die Hundedie Hundeden Hundender Hunde nom.acc.dat.gen. die Hand (the hand)die Handder Handder Hand die Händedie Händeden Händender Hände nom.acc.dat.gen. das Hemd (the shirt)das Hemddem Hemddes Hemdes die Hemdedie Hemdeden Hemdender Hemde Continue Reading A closer look at German plurals, this time with -n and -en endings 100 Irregular Plural Nouns in English How Do You Master German Nouns with -er Endings? Italian Nouns With Irregular Gender Plurals of German Nouns - How to Use and Conjugate No, You Can't Have Two Spaghettis: 130 Mass Nouns in English Learn how to form plurals in English Irregular Plural Nouns in English Grammar ESL Learners, See How to Use Possessive Nouns Notes on Nouns in English Grammar What's the difference between countable and uncountable nouns? There Are Plenty of Ways to Say No in German How to Use the German Infinitive Did You Know That "Ich Bin Kalt" Could Offend a German? Do You Know the Difference Between 'Sehr' and 'Viel' in German? What Is a Noun in English Grammar?