Languages › German Anfangen (To Begin) German Verb Conjugations Tenses and Sample Sentences for Anfangen Share Flipboard Email Print Thomas Tolstrup / Getty Images German Grammar History & Culture Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary By Hyde Flippo German Expert Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. our editorial process Hyde Flippo Updated January 30, 2019 Anfangen is a strong (irregular) verb that means to begin or start. As a strong verb, it doesn't follow a strict rule and you will need to memorize how it is conjugated in its different tenses. In addition, the verb anfangen is a separable prefix verb. That means that its prefix (an-) separates when the verb is conjugated, even in its past participle form (angefangen). There are cases where the prefix does not separate. These include the infinitive form such as with modals in the future tense, in dependent clauses, and in the past participle (with ge-). While a separable prefix may seem confusing, keep in mind that it is like English verbs such as "fill in," "clear out," etc. The difference is that in English the second word can come either right after the verb or at the end of the sentence. In German, it usually comes only at the end of the sentence. Sample Sentences With the Separable-Prefix Verbanfangen, to begin, start Present Tense Wann fangen Sie an? - When do you begin? Ich fange heute an. - I start today. Present Perfect Tense Wann haben sie angefangen? - When did they begin? Past Perfect Tense Wann hatten Sie angefangen? - When had you begun? Past Tense Wann fingen wir an? - When did we begin? Future Tense Wir werden wieder anfangen. - We will begin again. With Modals Können wir heute anfangen? - Can we begin today? AnfangenPresent Tense - Präsens Deutsch English Singular Present Tense ich fange an I begin/start I am beginning du fängst an you begin/start you are beginning er fängt ansie fängt anes fängt an he begins/starts he is beginning she begins/starts she is beginning it begins/starts it is beginning Plural Present Tense wir fangen an we begin/start are beginning ihr fangt an you (guys) begin/start you are beginning sie fangen an they begin/start they are beginning Sie fangen an you begin/start you are beginning Examples Using the Present Tense of Anfangen Wann fangen Sie an?When do you start? Die Vorstellung fängt um sechs Uhr an.The performance begins at six o'clock. AnfangenSimple Past Tense - Imperfekt Deutsch English Singular Simple Past Tense ich fing an I began/started du fingst an you began/started er fing ansie fing anes fing an he began/started she began/started it began/started Plural Simple Past Tense wir fingen an we began/started ihr fingt an you (guys) began/started sie fingen an they began/started Sie fingen an you began/started AnfangenCompound Past Tense (Present Perfect) - Perfekt Deutsch English Singular Compound Past Tense ich habe angefangen I have begun/started I began/started du hast angefangen you have begun/started you began/started er hat angefangensie hat angefangenes hat angefangen he has begun/started he began/started she has begun/started she began/started it has begun/started it began/started Plural Compound Past Tense wir haben angefangen we have begun/started we began/started ihr habt angefangen you (guys) have begun/started you began/started sie haben angefangen they have begun/started they began/started Sie haben angefangen you have begun/started you began/started AnfangenPast Perfect Tense - Plusquamperfekt Deutsch English Singular Past Perfect Tense ich hatte angefangen I had begun/started du hattest angefangen you had begun/started er hatte angefangensie hatte angefangenes hatte angefangen he had begun/started she had begun/started it had begun/started Plural Past Perfect Tense wir hatten angefangen we had begun/started ihr hattet angefangen you (guys) had begun/started sie hatten angefangen they had begun/started Sie hatten angefangen you had begun/started Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Flippo, Hyde. "Anfangen (To Begin) German Verb Conjugations." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/german-verb-conjugations-anfangen-to-begin-4071361. Flippo, Hyde. (2020, August 27). Anfangen (To Begin) German Verb Conjugations. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/german-verb-conjugations-anfangen-to-begin-4071361 Flippo, Hyde. "Anfangen (To Begin) German Verb Conjugations." 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