Languages › German Complete Alphabetical Index of German Verbs Share Flipboard Email Print Marc Romanelli / Getty Images German Grammar History & Culture Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary By Hyde Flippo German Expert Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. our editorial process Hyde Flippo Updated January 30, 2019 This alphabetical index lists over 500 common German verbs, some with a complete conjugation in all tenses. SYMBOL KEY: D = Dative verb, M = Modal verb, .s = sich Reflexive verb, S = Strong verb (irregular verb), C = Stem-changing verb (in pres. tense), an|fangen = Verb with separable prefix German Verbs A-K A-D E-G H-K Aachten to pay attention to, respectan|erkennen S to recognize, acknowledgean|fangen C/S to begin See Verb prefixes (an-, aus- )angeln to fish, anglean|kommen S to arriveändern to change, alteran|greifen S to attackan|haben S to have on, wearan|nehmen S to accept; assumean|rufen S to call up (tel)antworten D to answers. an|ziehen S to get dressedarbeiten to workärgern to annoy, irritateatmen to breatheauf|fallen S to stand out, attract attentionaus|kommen S to come out, have enough of, make do, get along withaus|machen - 10 meanings!aus|stellen to exhibits. aus|ziehen to undressBbacken S to bakebaden to bathe, swimbauen to buildbeben to quake, tremblebedeuten to means. bedienen to serve oneselfbefehlen S to commands. befinden S to be, find oneselfbefreien to set freebegegnen D to meetbeginnen S to beginbegleiten to accompanybehalten S to keepbeissen S to bitebekommen S to get, receivebeleben to enliven, cheerbeleidigen to insultbellen to barkbelohnen to rewardbergen S to recover, salvageberichten to reportbersten S to burstbesitzen S to ownbestellen to orderbesuchen to visitbeten to praybetrügen S to deceive, cheatbewegen to movebezahlen to paybiegen S to bendbieten to offer, bidbinden S to tiebitten S to request, ask forblasen C/S to blowbleiben S to stayblicken to look, glanceblitzen to flashblühen to bloombluten to bleedbraten C/S to fry, roastbrauchen to needbrauen to brewbrausen to shower; roarbrechen C/S to breakbrennen S to burnbringen S to bringbrüllen to roar, shoutbürsten to brushDdarf See dürfendämmen to dam, check, curbdämmern to dawn, fall (dusk); dozedampfen to steamdämpfen to muffle, dampdanken D to thankdar|stellen to show, portraydämmen to dam, check, curbdauern to last, enduredecken to cover, set (table)dehnen to stretchdemonstrieren to demonstratedenken S to thinkdeuten to point, indicatedichten to caulk; write poetrydienen to servedringen S to urge, piercedrucken to printdrücken to push, press; oppressducken to stoop, duck; humbledürfen to be permitted, allowdürsten to thirst, be thirsty Eehren to honorein|atmen to breathe inein|bauen to install, put ins. ein|bilden to imagine, get the ideaempfangen C/S to receiveempfehlen C/S to recommendempfinden to feel, senseentbehren to do without; lack, miss See Verb prefixes (emp-, ent- )entdecken to discoverentfernen to removeentführen to abduct, kidnapentgegenen to reply, retortenthalten C/S to containentkommen to escape, get awayentschuldigen to excuse, apologizeerfinden to inventerhalten C/S to obtain, receive, preserves. erinnern to remembers. erkälten to catch a colderklären to explain, declareerlöschen to be extinguished, dimerrichten to erect, establisherschöpfen to exhaust, drainerschrecken S to be frightenedersticken to choke, smothererwägen to consider, pondererwähnen to mentionerzählen to tell, recount, relate S to eat Ffahren S to travel, drivefallen S to fallfällen to cut downfalten to foldfangen S to catch, capturefassen to grasp, seize, conceivefechten to fence, fightfeststellen to ascertain, establishfinden S to findflicken to patch, repairfliegen S to flyfliehen S to flee, avoidfließen S to flow, runfluchen to curse, swearfluten to flood, overflowfolgen D to followfragen to askfressen C/S to eat, feed, devours. freuen to be glad, rejoicefrieren S to freeze, feel coldfrühstücken to eat breakfastfühlen to feel, perceiveführen to leadfüllen to fillfürchten to fearGgähnen to yawngären to fermentgebären to give birth togeben C/S to givegebrauchen to usegedeihen S to thrive, prospergefallen C/S to be pleasing, likegehen S to gogelingen S to succeedgelten S to be validgenesen to recover, convalesces. genieren to feel embarrassed/awkwardgenießen S to enjoygeraten to get into, fall intogeschehen C/S to happengewinnen S to win, gains. gewöhnen to get used to, accustomed togießen S to pour, castglänzen to glitter, shineglauben to believegleichen S to be like, resemblegleiten to glideglotzen to gape, stareglühen to glowgraben S to diggreifen S to grasp, grab, seizegrollen to be angry, grumblegrüßen to greetgucken to look, peep Hhaben S to havehalten C/S to hold, stop, keephämmern to hammer, poundhandeln to act, trade, dealhängen to hanghassen to hatehauen to hit, hewheben S to lift, raiseheiraten to marryheißen S to be namedheilen to healheizen to heathelfen C/S to helpheraus|bekommen S to get out; find out, figure outheraus|fordern to challengehetzen to rush about, inciteheulen to howl, bawlhindern to hamper, impedehoffen to hopehören to hearhüpfen to hop, jumphusten to coughIidentifizieren to identifyimmatrikulieren to register (univ)impfen to vaccinate, inoculateimponieren to impress, make an impressionimportieren to importinformieren to informs. interessieren to be interested (in)irren to wander, stray; be mistakenirritieren to confuse; irritateisolieren to insulate; isolateJjagen to hunt; chase, drivejammern to wail, moan, yammerjauchzen to rejoice, cheerjaulen to howljobben to work, have a jobjodeln to yodeljoggen to jogjucken to itchjustieren to adjust, justify (typeKkämmen to combkämpfen to fight, strugglekauen to chewkaufen to buykehren to turn; sweepkennen S to know, be familiar withkennenlernen to get to know, become acquainted withklagen to lament, complainkleben to paste, stickklingen S to ring, soundklopfen to knock, beatkneifen S to pinch, squeeze, crimpknüpfen to tie, knot, fastenkochen to cook, boil, seethekommen S to comekönnen M to be able, cankosten to costkotzen to vomit, pukekrächzen to caw, croakkratzen to scratch, scrape, clawkriechen S to crawl, creepkriegen to get, obtainkühlen to cool, refreshkürzen to shorten, abbreviate Conjugating German Verbs (L-Z) L-R S-T U-Z Llächeln to smilelachen to laughladen C / S to loadlassen C / S to let, leave, allowlaufen C / S to run, walklauschen to eavesdrop, listenleben to livelecken to lick; leaklegen to lay, put, place See liegenlehren to teachleiden S to sufferleihen S to lend, borrow, hirelernen to learn, studylesen C / S to readleuchten to light up, shine, gleamlichten to thin out, lightenlieben to loveliegen S to lie, recline, be situatedloben to praiselocken to lure, attract, enticelohnen to reward, recompenses. lohnen to be worth (doing)lösen to solve, dissolve; loosenlügen to lie (not tell the truth)lutschen to suck (on)Mmachen to make, domahlen to mill, grindmalen to paint, drawmanagen to managemeiden S to avoid, shunmeinen to mean, be of the opinion, thinkmerken to notice, mark, perceivemessen C / S to measuremieten to rent, hiremögen M to like (to)müssen M to have to, mustNnagen to gnaw, nibblenähren to nourish; sucklenaschen to snack, nibble, noshnecken to teasenehmen C / S to takenennen S to name, callnicken to nod, dozenützen to use; be usefulOöffnen to openoperieren to operate (med.)opfern to sacrificeordnen to organize, put in order Ppachten to lease, rentpacken to pack; grabpassen to fit, be suitablepassieren to happenpfeifen S to whistlepflanzen to plantplagen to plague, annoypreisen to praise, commendputzen to clean, groomQquälen to torture, tormentqualmen to give off smokequellen S to gush, spring fromquetschen to squeeze, crushquietschen to squeak, squealRrächen to avengeRad fahren to ride a bike (VP)raten to advise, guessrauchen to smokeräumen to clear away, evacuaterauschen to rustle, murmurrechnen to calculate, reckonreißen S to tear, ripreiten S to ride (horse)rennen S to runreichen to reach; passreisen to travel, journeyreinigen to clean, refinereizen to excite, charmrichten to set right, adjustriechen S to smellringen to struggle, wrestlerollen to rollrösten to roastrücken to move, bring nearerrufen S to callruhen to restrühren to stir, touchrüsten to arm Ssagen to say, tellsaufen S to drink to excesssaugen to suck, absorb Staub saugen to vacuum (VP)schaden to damage, hurtschaffen S to createschaffen to do, make, accomplishschalten to switch, shift (gears)schätzen to value, estimateschauen to see, lookscheiden S to separate, divides. scheiden lassen S to divorcescheinen S to shine, seemscherzen to joke, kidschicken to sendschieben S to push, shoveschießen S to shootschlachten to slaughter, butcherschlafen C / S to sleepschlagen S to hit, beatschleichen S to sneak, creepschleifen S to grind, polishschließen to close; concludeschmecken to tasteschmeißen S to throw, tossschmelzen S to meltschmerzen to hurt, smartschmieren to grease; bribeschneiden S to cut, sliceschneien to snowschreiben S to writeschreien S to scream, yellschreiten S to step, strideschweben to soar, hover, floatschweigen S to be silentschwimmen S to swimschwitzen to sweatschwören to swearsegnen to blesssehen C / S to seesein S to besenden to send, broadcasts. setzen to sit downseufzen to sighsieden to boil, simmersiegen to conquer, triumphsingen S to singsinken S to sinksitzen S to sitsollen M should, ought to, supposed tospalten to split, dividesparen to savespazieren to stroll, walkspielen to playspinnen to spin; be nutssprechen S to speak, talkspringen S to jumpspritzen to spray, squirtsprühen to spray; sparklespucken to spitspülen to rinse, flushspüren to feel, detectstatt|finden S to take place, happenStaub saugen to vacuum (VP)staunen to be amazedstechen C / S to stab, sting, prickstecken to set, be locatedstehen to standstehlen to stealsteigen to climb, risestinken to stinkstöhnen to groan, moanstopfen to stuff, cramstören to disturb, upsetstoßen to push, bumpstrahlen to beam, radiatestreben to strivestrecken to stretch, extendstreichen to strike, cancel; paintstreiten to quarrel, arguestricken to knitstudieren to study (univ)stürzen to plunge, fall, crashsuchen to look for, seekTtanken to get gas/petrol, refueltanzen to dancetaugen to be of use/valuetoben to storm, ravetöten to killtragen C/S to wear, carrytrauen to trust, believe in; marryträumen to dreamtreffen C / S to meet, hittreiben S to drive, propeltreten C / S to step, walktrinken S to drinktrocknen to drytropfen to drip, droptun S to do, make, put Uüben to exercise, practiceüberraschen to surpriseüberwinden S to overcomeumstellen to change over, shiftunterbrechen S to interrupts. unterhalten S to converse, entertain oneselfVverachten to despiseverderben S to ruin, spoilverdienen to earn, deservevereinigen to uniteverführen to seducevergessen S to forgetvergewaltigen to rapes. verhalten S to behave, actverhandeln to negotiateverkaufen to sellverkehren to trade, traffic; frequentverklagen to complain, sueverkommen S to decay, go bads. verlieben to fall in loveverlieren S to losevermehren to increasevernichten to annihilate, exterminateverraten S to betrayversagen to failverschlafen C / S to oversleepverstehen S to understandversuchen to attempt, tryvertreten to represent, stand in forverwalten to administer, manageverwechseln to confuse, mix upverweigern to refuseverweilen to linger, while awayverzeihen S to pardon, forgivevor|kommen S to occur, happenvor|stellen to introduce, presents. vor|stellen to imagineWwachen to be awake; keep watchwachsen C / S to growwagen to darewählen to choose, votewähren to last, hold outwälzen to rollwandern to hike, wanderwaschen C / S to washwechseln to change, exchangewecken to wake, rousewehren to restrain; prevents. wehren to defend oneselfweichen to yieldweihen to consecrate, devoteweinen to cry, weepwenden to turnwerben to recruit, court, woo, advertisewerden S to becomewerfen C / S to throwwetzen to sharpen, grindwidmen to dedicate, devotewiederholen to repeatwiegen S to weighwissen S to knowwohnen to reside, livewollen M to want (to)wünschen to wish, desirewürzen to season, spiceZzahlen to payzählen to countzähmen to tamezapfen to tap (beer)zaubern to do magic, enchantzeichnen to draw, signzeigen to show, indicatezelten to campzerschlagen C/S to shatter, smashzerstören to destroyziehen S to pull, drawzielen to aim, targetzitieren to cite, quotezittern to shake, tremblezögern to hesitatezüchten to breed, culivatezünden to ignitezurück|nehmen C/S to take backzwingen S to force, compel 50 Common German Verbs All Beginners Should Know The German Verb Nehmen (to Take) in All Tenses How to Conjugate the German Verb "Laufen" (to Run, Walk) DENKEN: Conjugated in All Tenses Conjugating the German Verb Wissen, Meaning "to Know" Learn German Verb Conjugations of Essen (To Eat) in Past Tenses How Do You Conjugate the German Verb "Helfen" (to Help)? What Students of German Should Know About Inseparable Verb Prefixes How to Conjugate the German Verb Bleiben See How to Conjugate the German Verb Sprechen - to Speak The Common German Verbs Always Take the Dative Case How to Conjugate The German Word Finden How to Conjugate "Geben" (to Give) in German The Basics of German Present Tense Verbs Learn How to Conjugate "Beginnen" (to Begin) in German What Are Separable Prefixes in German?