Globbing a Directory

Read a directory in Perl

Working on a laptop
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It's very simple to print a list of all files in a directory using the built-in Perl glob function. Let's look over a short script that globs and prints a list of all files, in the directory containing the script itself.

Examples of the Perl Glob Function

 #!/usr/bin/perl -w

@files = <*>;
foreach $file (@files) {
  print $file . "\n";

When you run the program, you'll see it output the filenames of all files in the directory, one per line. The glob is happening on the first line, as the <*> characters pulls the filenames into the @files array.

 @files = <*>;

Then you simply use a foreach loop to print out the files in the array.

You can include any path in your filesystem between the <> marks. For example, say your website is in the /var/www/htdocs/ directory and you want a list of all the files:

 @files = </var/www/htdocs/*>;

Or if you just want a list of the files with the extension .html:

 @files = </var/www/htdocs/*.html>;
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Your Citation
Brown, Kirk. "Globbing a Directory." ThoughtCo, Jul. 31, 2021, Brown, Kirk. (2021, July 31). Globbing a Directory. Retrieved from Brown, Kirk. "Globbing a Directory." ThoughtCo. (accessed June 7, 2023).