English-German Glossary: In der Schule - At School

Students in classroom during lesson
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School and Education Vocabulary

Glossary A-L


A, B, C, D, F (see grades/marks below)

ABCs, alphabet das ABC

absence (school) das Fehlen
   unexcused absence unentschuldigtes Fehlen

absent abwesend
   absent from class/school in der Stunde/Schule fehlen
   to be absent, missing fehlen
   She's absent today. Sie fehlt heute.
   Why were you absent? Warum hast du gefehlt?

Kultur: The German Abitur (das) is a high school diploma or secondary leaving certificate (A-level), received after passing a written and oral examination during the 12th or 13th year of school (depending on the state). Die Matura is the Austrian equivalent. Also see "graduation" below.

academic akademischwissenschaftlich
academic advisor der Studienberater/die Studienberaterin
academic year das Studienjahrdas Schuljahr

academically gifted/talented intellektuell begabt

academy die Akademie (-n), die Privatschule

administration (office) die Verwaltung

after school nach der Schule
   before school vor der Schule

algebra die Algebra
   See "subjects" for more school subjects.

alphabet das ABCdas Alphabet
alphabetically, in alphabetical order alphabetischnach dem Alphabet

answer (v.antwortenbeantworten
answer (n.die Antwort (-en)

   Er hat die Frage beantwortet.
   He answered the question.

apple der Apfel (Äpfel)

art (subjectdie Kunstder Kunstunterricht
   See "subjects" for more school subjects.

ask fragen
   ask a question eine Frage stellen

assignment die Aufgabe (-n)

athletic field der Sportplatz (-plätze)
athletics der Sport (sing.)

   Kultur: Athletics in German schools is generally limited to P.E. and intramural sports. It is rare to have school teams that compete against each other. Competitive sports tend to be done in clubs rather than in school, which is more academic.

attend (school) (die Schulebesuchen
   compulsory attendance die Schulpflicht
   he has a poor attendance record er fehlt oft (in der Schule)


B.A./B.S. (see "Bachelor of.." below)
bachelor's degree der Bakkalaureusder Bachelor
Bachelor of Arts der Bakkalaureus der philosophischen Fakultät
Bachelor of Science der Bakkalaureus der wissenschaftlichen Fakultät

   Kultur: It is difficult to compare the different academic degrees in Germany with those in the Anglo-American system. An American "bachelor's degree" is closer to the German Magisterabschluss, even though Magister translates as "master." In a recent effort to become more international, some German universities now offer a B.A. degree in some fields, usually for six semesters of study. Also see the entries for degree, M.A. and doctorate.

ballpoint pen der Kuli (-s), der Kugelschreiber (-)

band (musicdie Blaskapelle (-n), die Band (-s)

binder (loose-leafdas Ringbuch (-bücher)

biology (subjectdie Biodie Biologie
biology teacher der/die Biologielehrer/in

blackboard, chalkboard die Tafel (-)

boarding school das Internat (-e)
book das Buch (Bücher)

   textbook das Schulbuch/Lehrbuch

break, recess die Pause (-n)
   after the break nach der Pause
   short/long break kleine/große Pause
   das Pausebrot sandwich eaten during the break

bus, coach der Bus (-se)
   school bus der Schulbus


cafeteria die Mensa (Mensen) (univ.), der Speisesaal

   Kultur: Most German students go home for lunch around 12:30 or 1:00, so few schools have a cafeteria. In eastern Germany, it is more common to have a school lunch. At the university, the Mensa offers low-cost meals for students and faculty.

calculator der Rechner
   pocket calculator der Taschenrechner
   school calculator der Schulrechner
   scientific calculator wissenschaftlicher Rechner

calculus der Kalküldie Integralrechnung

chair der Stuhl (Stühle)
chair (person), department head (m.der Abteilungsleiter (-), der Fachleiter
chair (person), department head (f.die Abteilungsleiterin (-), die Fachleiterin

chalk die Kreideder Kreidestift
   a piece of chalk eine Kreide

cheerleader der/die Cheerleader (-)

   Kultur: Since interscholastic sports competition is rare in Germany, there is no need for cheerleaders. Although some American-football teams in Europe have volunteer cheerleaders, most Germans only know about cheerleading from Hollywood movies and TV.

chemistry (class) die Chemieder Chemieunterricht
   See "subjects" for more school subjects.

class (grade level) die Klasse (-n)
   German class DeutschunterrichtDeutschstunde
   the class of 2003 der Jahrgang 2003
   in the 10th grade/class in der 10. Klasse (zehnten)

   Kultur: A German Klasse is a group of students that stay together for several years of school. Somewhat like a "home room" class, the students elect a Klassensprecher/in to represent the class. Classes have names like 9a or 10b referring to each class group within a grade level. A teacher who teaches two or more courses within a class group is the Klassenlehrer, sort of like a "home room teacher." Note: A class of instruction is Unterricht or Unterrichtsstunde, notKlasse, but it is held in a Klassenzimmer.

class register, roll book das Klassenbuch

classmate der Klassenkamerad (-en)

classroom das Klassenzimmer (-)

clock die Uhr (-en)

coach, trainer der Trainer
coach (v.trainieren

college die Fachhochschule (FH) (-n), das College (Engl. pron.)
   College of Education pädagogische Hochschule

   Kultur: The Anglo-American term "college" is usually Hochschule or Universität in German. University departments or schools ("College of Arts and Science") are called Fachbereiche orFakultäten in German. 

computer der Computer (-), der Rechner (-)
computer science die Informatik

correct (adj.richtig
correct (v.korrigieren
   to correct tests Klassenarbeiten korrigieren

course der Kurs (-e), der Unterricht
   honors course der Leistungskurs (-e)


degree (univ.der (akademischeGrad

   Kultur: One should not directly compare the different academic degrees in Germany with those in the Anglo-American system. Besides the degree differences, the university systems in the U.S., Britain and Germany are very different in other ways. Also see the entries for B.A., M.A. and doctorate.

department die Abteilung (-en), der Fachbereich (univ.)
department chair/head (m.der Abteilungsleiter (-), der Fachleiter
department chair/head (f.die Abteilungsleiterin (-nen), die Fachleiterin

desk der Schreibtisch (-e) (teacher, office)
desk die Schulbank (student)

dictionary das Wörterbuch (-bücher)

didactic didaktischlehrhaft

doctoral dissertation die Doktorarbeit

doctorate, Ph.D, die Doktorwürdedie Doktorarbeit
   person with a doctor's degree der Doktorand
   She's still doing her doctorate. Sie sitzt immer noch an ihrer Doktorarbeit.

   Kultur: Someone with a Ph.D. or Doktorwürde is entitled to be addressed as Herr Doktor orFrau Doktor. In the old days, a woman married to a Doktor was also called Frau Doktor.


education die Bildungdas Bildungswesendie Erziehung
   College of Education pädagogische Hochschule

education(al) system das Bildungssystemdas Bildungswesen

educational Bildungs- (in compounds), pädagogischlehrreich
educational (school-related) schulisch

educator der Pädagoge/die Pädagoginder Erzieher

elective (subject) das Wahlfach (-fächer)
   Italian is an elective subject. Italianisch ist ein Wahlfach.
   Math is a required subject. Mathe ist ein Pflichtfach.

elementary school, grade school die Grundschuledie Volksschule (Austria)

elementary teacher, grade school teacher der/die Grundschullehrer(in)

e-mail die E-Mail (-s)
   to e-mail, send an e-mail eine Mail absenden/schicken

eraser (rubberder Radiergummi (-s)
eraser (for chalkder Schwamm (Schwämme)

exam das Examen (-), die Klassenarbeit (-en)
   final exam das Schlussexamen (-)
   finals die Abschlussprüfung (-en) (univ.)


faculty der Lehrkörperdas Lehrerkollegium

felt-tip pen, marker der Filzstift (-e)

file (paperdie Akte (-n)
file (computerdie Datei (-en), das File (-s)
file folder der Aktenordner (-) (paper)
file folder die Mappe (-n) (loose-leaf)
file folder der Ordner (computer/paper)

final exam das Schlussexamen (-)
finals die Abschlussprüfung (-en) (univ.)

folder der Ordner (-), der Hefter (-), die Mappe (-n)

foreign language die Fremdsprache (-n)

   Kultur: In German schools, the most popular Fremdsprachen are Englisch and Französisch(French). Latin, Russian, Italian and Spanish are also offered in some schools. At the Gymnasium, students usually take two foreign languages, the "major" one for 8 years and a "minor" for 5 years, which means they become quite proficient. The typical U.S. practice of taking two years of a foreign language is a joke, and less than 1/3 of American students even do that. - For languages and nationalities in German, see Lektion 6 of German for Beginners.

French (class) (dasFranzösischder Französischunterricht
   See "subjects" for more school subjects.

freshman (9th grader) amer. Schüler oder Schülerin in der neunten Klasse

Friday der Freitag
   on Friday(s) am Freitagfreitags
For days of the week, see Lektion 12 of German for Beginners.

funding, funds (for educ., etc.die Mittel/Gelder (pl.)
   basic funding die Grundmittel (pl.)
   public funds öffentliche Mittel/Gelder (pl.)
   private funding (for univ. researchdie Drittmittel (pl.)


geography die Erdkundedie Geografie

geometry die Geometrie

German (class) (dasDeutschder Deutschunterricht
   See "subjects" for more school subjects.

globe der Globusder Erdball

grade, mark die Note (-n), die Zensur (-en)
   She has bad marks/grades. Sie hat schlechte Noten/Zensuren.
   She has good marks/grades. Sie hat gute Noten/Zensuren.
   He got an A. Er hat eine Eins bekommen.
   He got an F. Er hat eine Fünf/Sechs bekommen.

   German grading system: A=1, B=2, C=3, D=4, F=5, F-=6

grade (level, classdie Klasse
   in the 9th grade in der 9. (neunten) Klasse

grade school, elementary school die Grundschule

graduate (v.das Abitur ablegen (high school), absolvierenpromovieren (Ph.D.), die Abschlussprüfung bestehen (high school)
graduate (n.der Akademiker/die Akademikerin
   high school graduate der Schulabgänger/die Schulabgängerinder Abiturient/die Abiturientin
graduate student ein Student oder eine Studentin mit abgeschlossenem Studium

   Kultur: The German university system does not have the same divisions between graduate and post-graduate study found in the U.S. There is no German word for "graduate student." It has to be explained as ein Student oder eine Studentin mit abgeschlossenem Studium.

gym, gymnasium die Turnhalle
gym (class) der Sportder Sportunterricht

gym/P.E. teacher (m.der Sportlehrer (-)
gym/P.E. teacher (f.die Sportlehrerin (-nen)


hall(way) der Gangder Flur

health, hygiene (subj.die Gesundheitspflege

higher education die Hochschulbildungdas Hochschulwesen

high school die Sekundarschule (-n)
   academic high school (in German Europedas Gymnasium

   Kultur: There are many kinds of German secondary schools, each with its own curriculum and purpose. A Gymnasium has an academic curriculum leading to das Abitur (die Matura in Austria, Switz.) and college. A Berufschule offers a combination of trade skill training and academics. Other school types include: RealschuleGesamtschule and Hauptschule

high school diploma das Abiturdie Matura

history die Geschichte

homework die Hausaufgaben (pl.)

honors course der Leistungskurs (-e)
honors/dean's list eine Liste der besten SchülerInnen/StundentInnen
   with honors cum laude


ink die Tinte (-n)

institute das Institut (-e), die Hochschule (-n)

instruct, teach unterrichten

instruction der Unterricht
   math class/instruction der Matheunterricht

instructor der Lehrer


kindergarten der Kindergarten (-gärten)


language lab das Sprachlabor (-s)

learn lernen

letter (of alphabet) der Buchstabe (-n)

locker das Schliessfach (-fächer)

   Kultur: European schools, including Germany and Austria, don't have book lockers for students like those found in American secondary schools.

loose-leaf binder das Ringbuch (-bücher)
loose-leaf folder die Mappe (-n)