Gods and Goddesses in the Iliad

List of Gods and Goddesses in the Iliad

The Iliad - Homer
Antique copy of the Iliad by Homer, an epic ancient Greek poem. Set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy (Ilium) by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles.. Duncan Walker / Getty Images

In the Iliad: Places | Deaths | Gods and Goddesses

In this list of gods and goddesses in The Iliad, you'll find the major gods and personifications, including some rivers and winds.

Also see Trojan War FAQs, Homer's Iliad and Helen of Troy Basics
  • Ares: god of war. Supports the Trojans.
  • Artemis: goddess, daughter of Zeus and Hera, sister of Apollo. Supports the Trojans.
  • Athena: goddess active in battle, daughter of Zeus. Supports the Greeks.
  • Axius: river in Paeonia (in north-eastern Greece), also the river god.
  • Charis: goddess, wife of Hephaestus.
  • Dawn: goddess.
  • Death: brother of Sleep.
  • Demeter: goddess of grain and food.
  • Dione: goddess, mother of Aphrodite.
  • Dionysus: divine son of Zeus and Semele.
  • Eileithyia: goddess of birth pains and labor pangs.
  • Fear: goddess: accompanies Ares and Athena into battle.
  • Flight: god.
  • Folly: daughter of Zeus.
  • Furies: goddesses of revenge within the family.
  • Glauce: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus).
  • Gygaea: a water nymph: mother of Mesthles and Ascanius (allies of the Trojans).
  • Hades: brother of Zeus and Poseidon, god of the dead.
  • Halië: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus).
  • Hebe: goddess who acts as cupbearer to the gods.
  • Helios: god of the sun.
  • Hephaestus: god, son of Zeus and Hera, artisan god, crippled in his legs.
  • Hera: divine wife and sister of Zeus, daughter of Cronos. Supports the Greeks.
  • Hermes: divine son of Zeus, called "killer of Argus".
  • Hyperion: god of the sun.
  • Iris: goddess, messenger of the gods.
  • Leto: goddess, mother of Apollo and Artemis.
  • Limnoreia: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus).
  • Muses: goddesses, daughters of Zeus.
  • Nemertes: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus).
  • Nereus: sea god, father of the Nereids.
  • Nesaea: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus).
  • Night: goddess.
  • North Wind.
  • Oceanus (Ocean): god of the river surrounding the earth.
  • Orithyia: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus).
  • Paeëon: god of healing.
  • Poseidon: major Olympian god.
  • Prayers: daughters of Zeus.
  • Proto: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus).
  • Rhea: goddess, wife of Cronos.
  • Rumour: messenger from Zeus.
  • Seasons: goddesses who look after the gates of Olympus.
  • Sleep: god, brother of death.
  • Strife: goddess active in war.
  • Terror: god, son of Ares.
  • Tethys: goddess; wife of Oceanus.
  • Themis: goddess.
  • Thetis: divine sea nymph, mother of Achilles, daughter of the old man of the sea.
  • Thoë: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus).
  • Titans: gods imprisoned by Zeus in Tartarus.
  • Typhoeus: monster held captive underground by Zeus.
  • Xanthus: god of the Scamander River.
  • Zephyrus: the west wind.
  • Zeus: King of the gods.


Glossary for the Iliad, by Ian Johnston