Languages › English as a Second Language Gonna and Wanna Informal American English Pronunciation Share Flipboard Email Print Portra Images/ Taxi/ Getty Images English as a Second Language Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Grammar Business English Resources for Teachers By Kenneth Beare English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert TESOL Diploma, Trinity College London M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. our editorial process Kenneth Beare Updated February 22, 2018 Wanna and gonna are two examples of informal spoken American English. Wanna means "want to," and gonna means "going to." You'll hear these phrases in movies, pop music and other forms of entertainment, although you are less likely to hear them in more formal shows, like the news. These two expressions are not generally used in written English but in spoken English. Wanna and gonna are examples of reductions. Reductions are short, commonly used phrases that are spoken quickly. These reductions tend to be used for function words such as auxiliary verbs. It is important to remember that there are differences in American English and British English pronunciation. British English also has its own exceptions in pronunciation. There are different views on whether students should use this type of pronunciation. In my opinion, students who live in North America should at least be familiar with these forms as they will hear them every day. If students decide to use this pronunciation, they should remember that it is appropriate only for informal spoken English and should not be used (except for texting, perhaps) in written English. Reductions in Questions The most common reductions are found at the beginning of questions. Here's a list of important reductions with the pronunciation written out to help you learn to recognize them in everyday American English. To begin with, listen to this reduction pronunciation sound file of the most common questions. Are you ...? = aryaCan you ...? = kinyaCould you ...? = kudjaWould you ...? = wudjaDid you ...? = didjaDo you ...? = dojaDon't you ...? = donchaWill you ...? = wiljaDo you want to ...? = doyawannaAre you going to ...? = aryagonnaDo you have to ...? = dijahafta Focus on the Main Verb If you choose to use reductions, it is important to focus on the main verb in the question to correctly pronounce using reductions. In other words, we quickly speak over the reduced forms (are you, could you, etc.) and stress the main verb. Listen to these example reduced questions to hear how the main verb is stressed. Are you ...? = arya Are you enjoying yourself?Are you going to help me tonight? Can you ...? = kinya Can you say that again?Can you understand me? Could you ...? = kudja Could you help me?Could you visit next month? Would you ...? = wudja Would you like to have dinner?Would you answer my question? Did you ...? = didja Did you see him?Did you buy it? Do you ...? = dija Do you play tennis?Do you eat fish? Don't you ...? = doncha Don't you love it?Don't you understand? Will you ...? = wilja Will you come with me?Will you finish tonight? Do you want to ...? = diyawanna Do you want to have fun?Do you want to eat out? Are you going to ...? = aryagonna Are you going to leave?Are you going to have lunch? Do you have to ...? = dijahafta Do you have to stay?Do you have to work today? Gotta and Wanna Two of the most common reductions are gotta and wanna. Gotta is the reduction of "got to." It's rather strange because its use means have to. In other words, in informal American English "I got to get up early" means "I have to get up early." This is then further reduced to "I gotta get up early." Wanna means "want to" and is used to indicate the desire to do something. For example, "I wanna go home." means "I want to go home." A synonymous expression is also "I would like to go home." However, this form is much more formal.