Grammar Chants - First - Real Conditional

Singing in Class
Grammar Chant in Class. Indeed / ABSODELS / Getty Images

Together with your class, or a group of friends, choose a leader to speak first. Everyone else chants what the leader has said. Try to make it rhythmical for the most fun.

First - Real - Conditional Grammar Chant

Teacher/Leader: If ...
Class/Group: If ...

Teacher/Leader: If he comes ...
Class/Group: If he comes ...

Teacher/Leader: If he comes, we will go ...
Class/Group: If he comes, we will go ...

Teacher/Leader: If he comes, we will go to the PARTY!


Class/Group: If he comes, we will go to the PARTY!

Teacher/Leader: They ...
Class/Group: They ...

Teacher/Leader: They will meet us ...
Class/Group: They will meet us ...

Teacher/Leader: They will meet us if we all go to the PARTY!
Class/Group: They will meet us if we all go to the PARTY!

Teacher/Leader: What ...
Class/Group: What ...

Teacher/Leader: What will you do ...
Class/Group: What will you do ...

Teacher/Leader: What will you do if she comes ...
Class/Group: What will you do if she comes ...

Teacher/Leader: What will you do if she comes to the PARTY?!
Class/Group: What will you do if she comes to the PARTY?!

Teacher/Leader: I'll ...
Class/Group: I'll ...

Teacher/Leader: I'll say hello ...
Class/Group: I'll say hello ...

Teacher/Leader: I'll say hello if she comes ...
Class/Group: I'll say hello if she comes ...

Teacher/Leader: I'll say hello if she comes to the PARTY!
Class/Group: I'll say hello if she comes to the PARTY!

First / Real Conditional Grammar Note

The first, or real, conditional is used to discuss real possibilities in either the future. This conditional speaks about what will happen if a certain condition is met. The 'if' clause takes present simple, while the result clause takes the future with 'will'.

If she comes to visit, we'll have lunch at a restaurant.

The first conditional is different from zero conditional in that it refers to a specific situation at a future time. The zero conditional refers to conditions that are ALWAYS true. in the zero conditional, the present simple is used both the 'if' clause and the result clause. 

If Brad travels to New York, he goes to a musical. 

In this case, 'if' is the same in meaning as 'when'.

First / Real Conditional Practice: Conditional Chains

Another way to practice the first conditional is to use grammar chains. The speaker begins with a simple statement such as:

If it rains tomorrow, I'll take an umbrella.

The next speaker then continues to use the result clause (I'll take an umbrella) in a new sentence:

If I take my umbrella, I'll leave it on the subway.

The next speaker continues with this idea:

If I leave my umbrella on the subway, I'll call the lost and found.

The conditional chain continues around the room until everyone is comfortable with the form. 

Explore more grammar chants with your class.