How to Conjugate "Grandir" (to Grow)

Your French Vocabulary Will "Grow" With These Conjugations

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"Grandir" is just one French verb that means "to grow." It's an easier word to remember than croître (to grow), especially if you associate it with the English "grand." This is a very useful word to know and you'll want to understand how to conjugate it to mean "growing" or "grew."

Conjugating the French Verb Grandir

Verb conjugations help us transform a verb into a particular tense, such as the past, present, or future. In French, this is done by adding infinitive endings to the verb stem, but there's a catch. Not only does the ending change with each tense, it also changes with each subject pronoun. That means you have more words to memorize, but with a little practice, it's not too bad.

Luckily, grandir is a regular -IR verb and it follows a common pattern in the conjugations. For instance, in the je and tu present tense, an -s is added to the verb stem grand-. This gives use "je grandis" and "tu grandis," which mean "I am growing" or "you grow" respectively. For the future tense of nous, -irons is added to create "nous grandirons," a simple way of saying "we will grow."

Subject Present Future Imperfect
je grandis grandirai grandissais
tu grandis grandiras grandissais
il grandit grandira grandissait
nous grandissons grandirons grandissions
vous grandissez grandirez grandissiez
ils grandissent grandiront grandissaient

The Present Participle of Grandir

The present participle of grandir is grandissant. This is not only a verb, but can become an adjective, gerund, or noun in certain contexts.

The Past Participle and Passé Composé

The past participle of grandir is grandi and it is used to form the past tense passé composé. To complete this, you must also conjugate the auxiliary verb avoir to fit the subject pronoun. For instance, "I grew" is "j'ai grandi" and "we grew" is "nous avons grandi."

More Simple Grandir Conjugations to Learn

Those are the most important verb conjugations of grandir and should be the priority of your studies. As your French improves, you'll find a use for a few more forms. 

In conversation, if you want to imply that the action of growing is somehow questionable, turn to the subjunctive verb mood. Similarly, the conditional verb mood says that the growth is dependent on something else. 

If you read much French, you will surely encounter the passé simple tense of grandir. It -- along with the imperfect subjunctive -- is a literary tense and learning (or, at least, recognizing) these will help your reading comprehension.

Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive
je grandisse grandirais grandis grandisse
tu grandisses grandirais grandis grandisses
il grandisse grandirait grandit grandît
nous grandissions grandirions grandîmes grandissions
vous grandissiez grandiriez grandîtes grandissiez
ils grandissent grandiraient grandirent grandissent

The imperative verb form is used for short demands and requests. In keeping with this brief statement, simplify it and do not include the subject pronoun: use "grandis" rather than "tu grandis."

(tu) grandis
(nous) grandissons
(vous) grandissez
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Team, ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Grandir" (to Grow)." ThoughtCo, Dec. 6, 2021, Team, ThoughtCo. (2021, December 6). How to Conjugate "Grandir" (to Grow). Retrieved from Team, ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Grandir" (to Grow)." ThoughtCo. (accessed March 26, 2023).