Greek Alphabet in Chemistry

Table of Greek Letters

greek letters on black chalkboard
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Scholars used to be conversant with Greek and Latin as part of their education. They even used these languages to publish their ideas or work. Correspondence with other scholars was possible even if their native languages weren't the same.

Variables in science and mathematics need a symbol to represent them when they are written. A scholar would need a new symbol to represent their new idea and Greek was one of the tools at hand.

Applying a Greek letter to a symbol became second nature.

Today, while Greek and Latin aren't on every student's curriculum, the Greek alphabet is learned as needed. The table below lists all twenty-four letters in both upper and lowercase of the Greek alphabet used in science and mathematics.

NameUpper CaseLower Case
AlphaΑα
BetaΒβ
GammaΓγ
DeltaΔδ
EpsilonΕε
ZetaΖζ
EtaΗη
ThetaΘθ
IotaΙι
KappaΚκ
LambdaΛλ
MuΜμ
NuΝν
XiΞξ
OmicronΟο
PiΠπ
RhoΡρ
SigmaΣσ
TauΤτ
UpsilonΥυ
PhiΦφ
ChiΧχ
PsiΨψ
OmegaΩω
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Your Citation
Helmenstine, Todd. "Greek Alphabet in Chemistry." ThoughtCo, Feb. 8, 2017, thoughtco.com/greek-alphabet-in-chemistry-603968. Helmenstine, Todd. (2017, February 8). Greek Alphabet in Chemistry. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/greek-alphabet-in-chemistry-603968 Helmenstine, Todd. "Greek Alphabet in Chemistry." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/greek-alphabet-in-chemistry-603968 (accessed November 24, 2017).