Languages › English as a Second Language Expressing the Future With 'Will' and 'Going to' Share Flipboard Email Print ThoughtCo. English as a Second Language Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Business English Resources for Teachers By Kenneth Beare English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert TESOL Diploma, Trinity College London M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. our editorial process Kenneth Beare Updated November 26, 2019 The future in English can be rather confusing. There are two future forms used in most conversations: the future with "will" and the future with "going to." The main difference between the two forms is that "going to" is used for plans and intentions made before the moment of speaking, and the "will" to speak about the future at the moment of speaking. Study these basic forms and then use the referenced resources to practice these forms. Teachers can print out these materials for use in-class, or find help with how to teach future forms, as well as the lesson plans suggested below. The Future With Will There are two basic future tenses used to describe things that happen in the future. Besides these two there are some other future tenses which can be started on the advanced future tenses page. The first future tense is the future with "will." Use the future with will to talk about an event in the future that you have just decided to do, for predictions and for promises. Examples: I think I'll go to that party next week.The economy will get better soon.Yes, I will marry you. Future With 'Will' Structure: Positive: Subject + will + verb (I, You, He, She, We, They) will come to the party. Negative: Subject + will + not (won't) + verb (I, You, He, She, We, They) won't have time tomorrow. Questions: Question word + will + subject + verb What will (he, she, you, we) they do? The Future With Going To The future with "going to" is used to express events you have already planned in the future and your intentions for the future. We sometimes also use the present continuous for planned events in the near future. Examples: She's going to attend university and study to become a doctor.We're going to make the presentation next week. Future With "Going to" Structure: Positive: Subject + to be + going to + verb I am going to attend the meeting.(He, She) is going to attend the meeting.(You, We, They) are going to attend the meeting. Negative: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb I'm not going to visit Rome next year.(He, She) isn't going to visit Rome next year.(You, We, They) aren't going to visit Rome next year. Questions: (Question word) + to be + subject + going to + verb Where am I going to stay?Where is (she, he) going to stay?Where are (you, we, they) going to stay? Additional Future Tense Resources Here is an in depth guide to both the future with 'will' and with 'going to'.Take the Future Forms Quiz for Advanced LearnersResource for ESL Teachers. This intermediate lesson focuses solely on the future with "will" and "going to" and includes a step by step guide through the lesson and handouts to use in class. Activities With the Future With Will and Going to Some activities that will help you practice: Planning a Party - Dialogue concentrating on the future with 'will' and 'going to'.The Meeting - Dialogue with schedules, future plansThe Oregon Weather Forecast - Dialogue with the use of the future with will for predictions, weather vocabularyEnglish Tenses Timeline Chart - study how the future forms with will and going to relate to other tenses on a timeline.