Humanities › History & Culture Surname Meaning and Family History: Gupta Share Flipboard Email Print Adrian Pope / Getty Images History & Culture Genealogy Surnames Basics Genealogy Fun Vital Records Around the World American History African American History African History Ancient History and Culture Asian History European History Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More By Kimberly Powell Genealogy Expert Certificate in Genealogical Research, Boston University B.A., Carnegie Mellon University Kimberly Powell is a professional genealogist and the author of The Everything Guide to Online Genealogy. She teaches at the Genealogical Institute of Pittsburgh and the Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy. our editorial process Kimberly Powell Updated April 16, 2019 As you might already know, the surname Gupta (sometimes spelled Guptta) originates in and is still most commonly found in the country of India. The name is derived from the Sanskrit goptri, meaning "military governor, ruler, or protector." Unlike most other Indian surnames, the surname Gupta is present in various different communities across India, irrespective of caste. Among the most famous Guptas include a long line of Gupta kings, who ruled India for about 200 years—the Gupta Dynasty dates back to 240 – 280 AD. Common Locations Guptas are especially common in Delhi, where it is the fifth most common surname. However, this surname distribution website does not have data from all regions of India. Within India, Gupta ranks among the top 30 surnames in Uttar Pradesh (13th), Haryana (15th), Punjab (16th), Sikkim (20th), Uttarkhand and Jammu and Kashmir (23rd), Chandigarh (27th), Madhya Pradesh (28th), and Bihar, Maharashtra and Rajasthan (30th). Despite being the 156th most common last name in the world, according to surname distribution data from Forebears, Gupta is not a very common name outside of India; however, Gupta is fairly common in Nepal (57th) and somewhat common in Bangladesh (280th). Guptas can also be found quite regularly in Poland, where the name ranks 419th, as well as England (549th) and Germany (871st). Famous Guptas Maharaja Sri-Gupta, founder of the Gupta empireJagadish Gupta, Bengali poet and novelistNeena Gupta, Indian film and television actress and directorShashi Bhusan Das Gupta, Bengali scholarManmath Nath Gupta, Indian revolutionarySanjay Gupta, CNN Chief Medical Correspondent Sources Cottle, Basil. Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967.Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989.