GUPTA - Surname Meaning and Family History

What Does the Last Name Gupta Mean?

Gupta is a common surname across India.
Adrian Pope / Getty Images

The Gupta surname is derived from the Sanskrit goptri, meaning "military governor, ruler, or protector." The Gupta Dynasty dates back to 240 - 280 AD. A long line of Gupta kings ruled India for about 200 years.

Unlike most other Indian surnames, the surname Gupta has been adopted by various different communities across India irrespective of caste.

Surname Origin: Indian

Alternate Surname Spellings: GUPTTA

Famous People with the GUPTA Surname

  • Maharaja Sri-Gupta - founder of the Gupta empire
  • Jagadish Gupta - Bengali poet and novelist
  • Neena Gupta - Indian film and television actress and director
  • Shashi Bhusan Das Gupta - Bengali scholar
  • Manmath Nath Gupta - Indian revolutionary

Where is the GUPTA Surname Most Common?

As you would expect, the Gupta surname is found most commonly by far in the country of India, according to WorldNames PublicProfiler, especially in Delhi. This surname distribution website does not have data from all regions of India, however. 

Despite being the 156th most common last name in the world, according to surname distribution data from Forebears, Gupta is also much less common outside of India. However, it is somewhat common in Poland, where it ranks 419th, as well as England (549th) and Germany (871st). Gupta is more common in Nepal (57th) and Bangladesh (280th). Within India, Gupta is the 5th most common last name found in Delhi. It also ranks among the top 30 surnames in Uttar Pradesh (13th), Haryana (15th), Punjab (16th), Sikkim (20th), Uttarkhand and Jammu and Kashmir (23rd), Chandigarh (27th), Madhya Pradesh (28th), and Bihar, Maharashtra and Rajasthan (30th).

Genealogy Resources for the Surname GUPTA

Gupta Family Crest - It's Not What You Think
Contrary to what you may hear, there is no such thing as a Gupta family crest or coat of arms for the Gupta surname. Coats of arms are granted to individuals, not families, and may rightfully be used only by the uninterrupted male line descendants of the person to whom the coat of arms was originally granted.

FamilySearch - GUPTA Genealogy
Explore over 100,000 results from digitized historical records and lineage-linked family trees related to the Gupta surname and variations on this free website hosted by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. - GUPTA Genealogy & Family History
Explore free databases and genealogy links for the last name Gupta.

GeneaNet - Gupta Records
GeneaNet includes archival records, family trees, and other resources for individuals with the Gupta surname, with a concentration on records and families from France and other European countries.

The Gupta Genealogy and Family Tree Page
Browse genealogy records and links to genealogical and historical records for individuals with the Gupta surname from the website of Genealogy Today.

Origin of the Gupta Dynasty
An article about the origin and ancestry of the Gupta dynasty.

Sanjay Gupta Travels to Discover His 'Roots'
CNN's Chief Medical Correspondent traveled to Pakistan, India and Michigan to discover his family history. He called it a "transformative experience" to learn that his "dad's great-uncle was a freedom fighter who was jailed twice for speaking truth to power," and that his great-grandfather "gave away all his money and land (and a herd of buffalo) to the priests in the north Indian community where he lived with his wife and five sons."

References: Surname Meanings & Origins

Cottle, Basil. Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967.

Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Collins Celtic (Pocket edition), 1998.

Fucilla, Joseph. Our Italian Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 2003.

Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989.

Hanks, Patrick. Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003.

Reaney, P.H. A Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1997.

Smith, Elsdon C. American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997.

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