Hinduism for Beginners

An Introduction to Hinduism

Shiva Statue
Om, the sacred symbol of Hinduism, is pictured on the palm of a Shiva statue. Kelli Klymenko / Getty Images

If you're new to this faith, the article offers a basic explanation of the Hindu religion and briefly answers some basic questions you may have. In includes link to articles that will explore the main concepts and questions in more detail. 

What is Hinduism?

Hinduism is the world's oldest extant religion, with more than a billion followers--making it the world's third largest religion. Hinduism is a conglomeration of religious, philosophical, and cultural ideas and practices that originated in India.

It is characterized by the belief in reincarnation, one absolute being of multiple manifestations, the law of cause and effect, following the path of righteousness, and the desire for liberation from the cycle of births and deaths. Read this article for more information on how Hinduism is defined. 

How is Hinduism Unique from Other Religions?

Hinduism cannot be neatly slotted into any particular belief system. Unlike other religions, Hinduism is a way of life, a Dharma--that is, the law that governs all action. It has its own beliefs, traditions, an advanced system of ethics, meaningful rituals, philosophy and theology. The religious tradition of Hinduism is solely responsible for the creation of such original concepts and practices as Yoga, Ayurveda, Vastu, Jyotish, Yajna, Puja, Tantra, Vedanta, Karma, etc. Read this article for more information on what makes Hinduism uniquely different from other religions.

 

How and When Did Hinduism Originate?

Hinduism has its origins in such remote past that it cannot be traced to any one individual. Some scholars believe that Hinduism must have existed even in circa 10,000 BCE. and that the earliest of the Hindu scriptures--the Rig Veda--was composed well before 6,500 BCE.

The word "Hinduism" is not to be found anywhere in the scriptures, and the term "Hindu" was introduced by foreigners who referred to people living across the River Indus or Sindhu, in the north of India, around which the Vedic religion is believed to have originated. Read this article for more information on the origins of Hinduism. 

What are the Basic Tenets of Hinduism?

There is no “one Hinduism,"  and so it lacks any unified system of beliefs and ideas. Hinduism is a conglomerate of diverse beliefs and traditions, in which the prominent themes include:

It also believes in truth, honesty, non-violence, celibacy, cleanliness, contentment, prayers, austerity, perseverance, penance and pious company. If you want to learn more about the beliefs and tenets of Hinduism, check out this article

What Are the Key Hindu Scriptures?

The basic scriptures of Hinduism, which are collectively referred to as "Shastrasm" are essentially a collection of spiritual laws discovered by different saints and sages at different points in its long history. The two types of sacred writings comprise the Hindu scriptures: "Shruti" (heard) and "Smriti" (memorized).

They were passed on from generation to generation orally for centuries before they were written down, mostly in the Sanskrit language. The major and most popular Hindu texts include the Bhagavad Gita, the Upanishads, and the epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata. Refer to this article for more information on the sacred texts of Hinduism. 

What are the Major Hindu Deities?

Hinduism believes that there is only one supreme Absolute, called "Brahman." However, it does not advocate the worship of any one particular deity. The gods and goddesses of Hinduism number in the thousands or even millions, all representing the many aspects of Brahman. Therefore, this faith is characterized by the multiplicity of deities. The most fundamental of Hindu deities is the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva--creator, preserver and destroyer.

Hindus also worship spirits, trees, animals and even planets. To read more about the Hindu deities, refer to this article

Who is a Hindu and How Does One to Become a Hindu?

A Hindu can be defined as any individual who accepts and lives by the religious guidance of the Vedic scriptures. While the teachings of the Hindu tradition do not require that you be religiously affiliated to Hinduism in order to receive its inner teachings, it can be very helpful to formally become a Hindu , because it provides one a formal connection to the “world's oldest continually existing enlightenment tradition." To learn more about Hindus, read this article