200 Homonyms, Homophones, and Homographs

A List of Easily Confused Words With Practice Exercises

A bare bear. GeoStock/Getty Images

Homonyms are two or more words that have the same sound or spelling but differ in meaning. Homophones—which means "same sounds" in Latin—are two or more words, such as knew and new or meat and meet, that are pronounced the same but differ in meaning, origin, and often spelling. Homographs, meanwhile, are words that have the same spelling but differ in origin, meaning, and sometimes pronunciation, such as the verb bear (to carry or endure) and the noun bear (the animal with a shaggy coat).

Words that fall under any of these three categories often confuse readers and writers alike. But they need not perplex you: Understanding the meaning of these three grammatical terms and, especially, being able to recognize them can help clear up any confusion. A list of some of the most common homonyms, homophones, and homographs can help any writer use these words correctly and any reader or listener recognize them when they occur.

Homonyms, Homophones, and Homographs 

Here is a listing of some the most common homonyms, homophones, and homographs. The first column contains homonyms in alphabetical order, while the second and third columns list the corresponding homonym, homophone, or homograph as applicable.

accept - take in

except - other than

ad - advertisement

add - join, combine

advice - guidance

advise - recommend

aid - assist, assistance

aide - one who gives assistance

ail - to suffer poor health

ale - a beverage

air - atmosphere

ere - before

heir - one who inherits property

aisle - a passage

I'll - contraction of I will

isle - island

allusion - an indirect reference

illusion - false appearance

altar - table in a church

alter - to change

ate - past tense of eat

eight - the number 8

bail - to clear water

bail - release of a prisoner

bale - a large bundle

band - a ring, something that binds

band - a group

banned - prohibited

bare - uncovered

bear - large animal

bear - support, yield

bases - starting points

bases - four stations on a baseball field

basis - a basic principle

beat - to strike, overcome

beat - exhausted

beet - a plant with red roots

blew - past tense of blow

blue - the color

bread - baked food item

bred - produced

buy - purchase

by - near, through

bye - goodbye

capital - punishable by death

capital - chief city

capitol - building where legislature meets

ceiling - top of a room

sealing - setting, fastening


cell - compartment

sell - vend


cent - penny coin

scent - an odor

sent - past tense of send

cereal - breakfast food

serial - sequential


chews - gnaws with teeth

choose - to select


Chile- country in South America

chili - bean stew

chilly - frosty

chord - musical tone

cord - rope


cite - quote

site - location

sight - view

close - opposite of open

clothes - clothing


coarse - rough

course - path, procedure


complement – enhance; go together

compliment - praise


conduct - behavior

conduct - to lead


council - committee

counsel - guidance


creak - squeak

creek - stream of water


crews - gangs

cruise - ride on a boat


days - plural of day

daze - stun


dear - darling

deer- woodland animal


desert - to abandon

desert - dry land

dessert - after-dinner treat

dew - morning mist

do - operate

due - payable

die - cease to exist

dye - color


discreet - tactful

discrete - distinct


doe - female deer

dough - uncooked bread


dual - double

duel - battle


elicit - draw out

illicit - illegal


eminent - distinguished

imminent - soon


ewe - female sheep

you - second-person personal pronoun


eye - sight organ

I - first-person personal pronoun


facts - true things

fax - a document transmitted via telephone


fair - equal

fare - price


fairy - elflike creature with wings

ferry - boat


faze - impact

phase - stage


feat - achievement

feet - plural of foot


find - to discover

fined - charged a penalty


fir - type of tree

fur - animal hair


flea - small biting insect

flee - run


flew - did fly

flu - illness


flour - powdery, ground up grain

flower - blooming plant


for - on behalf of

fore - front

four - three plus one

forth - onward

fourth - number four


foreword - introduction to a book

forward - advancing


gene - a chromosome

jean - fabric; pants


gorilla - big ape

guerrilla - warrior


grease - fat

Greece - country in Europe


groan - moan

grown - form of grow


hair - head covering

hare - rabbit-like animal


hall - passageway

haul - tow


halve - cut in two parts

have - possess


hay - animal food

hey - interjection to get attention


heal - mend

heel - back of foot


hear - to listen

here - at this place


hi - hello

high - up far


hoarse - croaky

horse - riding animal


hole - opening

whole - entire


holey - full of holes

holy - divine

wholly - entirely

hoarse - rough voice

horse - animal


hour - sixty minutes

our - belonging to us


knead - massage

need - desire


knew - did know

new - not old


knight - feudal horseman

night - evening


knot - tied rope

not - negative


know - have knowledge

no - opposite of yes


lead - metal

led - was the leader


leased - past tense of lease

least - the minimum


lessen - make smaller

lesson - class


loan - lend

lone - solitary


made - did make

maid - servant


mail - postage

male - opposite of female


marry - to wed material

merry - very happy materiel


meat - animal protein

meet - encounter


mince - to chop finely

mints - type of sweet


morning - a.m.

mourning - remember the dead


none - not any

nun - woman who takes special vows


oar - boat paddle

or - otherwise

ore - mineral

oh - expression of surprise or awe

owe - be obligated


one - single

won - did win


overdo - do too much

overdue - past due date


pail - bucket

pale - not bright


pain - hurt

pane - window glass


peace - calm

piece - segment


peak – highest point

peek - glance


patience - being willing to wait

patients - person treated in a hospital or by a doctor


pear - a type of fruit

pair - two (usually matching)


plain - ordinary

plane - flight machine plane; flat surface


pole - post

poll - survey


poor - not rich

pour - make flow


pray - implore God

prey - quarry


principal - most important

principle - belief


rain – water from sky

rein - bridle


rap - tap

wrap - drape around


read - past tense of the verb to read

red - color


real - factual

reel - roll


right - correct; not left

write - scribble


ring - encircle

wring - squeeze


road - street

rode - past tense of ride


role - function

roll - rotate


rose - flower

rows - lines


sail - move by wind power

sale - bargain price


scene - landscape

seen - viewed


sea - ocean segment

see - observe with eyes


seam - joining edge

seem - appear


sew - connect with thread

so - as a result

sow - plant

soar - ascend

sore - hurt place


sole - single

soul - essence


son - male child

sun - the star that lights the solar system


some - a few

sum - amount


stair - step

stare - to look at steadily


steal - swipe

steel - alloy


suite - large room in a hotel

sweet - the opposite of sour


tail - animal’s appendage

tale - story


their - belonging to them

there - at that place

they’re - they are

threw - past tense of throw

through - passing from one place to another


to - toward

too - also

two - the number 2

toe - foot appendage

tow - pull along


vary - differ

very - wail - howl


wail - howl

whale - huge sea mammal


waist - area below ribs

waste - squander


wait – kill time

weight - measurable load


war - battle

wore - did wear


warn - caution

worn - used


way - path

weigh - measure mass


we - us

wee - tiny


weak - not strong

week - seven days


wear - to don attire

where - question word


weather - climate

whether - if


which - that

witch - sorcerer


wood - material coming from trees

would - conditional auxiliary


your - belonging to you

you’re - you are


Practice Using Homonyms, Homophones, and Homographs

Complete each of the following sentences by filling in the blank with the correct word. You'll find the answers at the end of the exercise. To heighten interest, all of the sentences are quotes from various authors' writings in books and magazine articles published over the years. Feel free to use the previous table to help you if you get stumped.

  1. “He simply sat down on the ledge and forgot everything _____ [accept or except] the marvelous mystery.”
    — Lawrence Sargent Hall
  2. "I live in the Oakland Hills in a tiny house on a street so windy you can’t drive more than ten miles per hour. I rented it because the _____ [ad or add] said this: 'Small house in the trees with a garden and a fireplace. Dogs welcome, of course.'"
    — Pam Houston
  3. "Francis wondered what _____ [advice or advise] a psychiatrist would have for him."
    — John Cheever
  4. "The _____ [aid or aide] gets out of the way, picking her skirt out of the rubble of children at her feet."
    — Rosellen Brown
  5. "He seemed to want to recapture the cosseted feeling he'd had when he'd been sick as a child and she would serve him flat ginger _____ [ail or ale], and toast soaked in cream, and play endless card games with him, using his blanket-covered legs as a table."
    — Alice Elliott Dark
  6. "He sat down and leaned forward, pulling the chair's rear legs into the _____ [air, ere, or heir] so that the waitress could get by."
    — Stanley Elkins
  7. "[T]he stewardess was moving down the _____ [aisle, I'll, or isle], like a trained nurse taking temperatures in a hospital ward, to see that they were all properly strapped in for the take-off."
    — Martha Gellhorn
  8. "Mrs. Parmenter laughed at his _____ [allusion or illusion] to their summer at Mrs. Sterrett's, in Rome, and gave him her coat to hold."
    — Willa Cather
  9. "In the long years between, she had fashioned many fine dresses—gowned gay girls for their conquests and robed fair brides for the _____ [altar or alter]."
    — Mary Lerner
  10. "On a Saturday morning soon after he came to live with her, he turned over her garbage while she was at the grocery store and _____ [ate or eight] rancid bacon drippings out of a small Crisco can."
    — Pam Durban
  11. "The barn was bigger than a church, and the fall's fresh hay _____ [bails or bales] were stacked to the roof in the side mows."
    — John Updike
  12. "Her two spare dresses were gone, her comb was gone, her checkered coat was gone, and so was the mauve hair-_____ [band or banned] with a mauve bow that had been her hat."
    — Vladimir Nabokov
  13. "Without the shelter of those trees, there is a great exposure—back yards, clotheslines, woodpiles, patchy sheds and barns and privies—all _____ [bare or bear], exposed, provisional looking."
    — Alice Munro
  14. "This was the time when outfields were larger than they are today and well-hit balls would roll for a long time, giving runners ample time to round the _____ [bases or basis] for a home run."
    — Deidre Silva and Jackie Koney
  15. "The conductor had his knotted signal cord to pull, and the motorman _____ [beat or beet] the foot gong with his mad heel."
    — Saul Bellow
  16. "Nancy held the cup to her mouth and _____ [blew or blue] into the cup."
    — William Faulkner
  17. "A pigeon landed nearby. It hopped on its little red feet and pecked into something that might have been a dirty piece of stale _____ [bread or bred] or dried mud."
    — Isaac Bashevis Singer
  18. "He was wearing a new hat of a pretty biscuit shade, for it never occurred to him to _____ [buy, by, or bye] anything of a practical color; he had put it on for the first time and the rain was spoiling it."
    — Katherine Anne Porter

Answers to the Exercise

1. except 2. ad 3. advice 4. aide 5. ale 6. air 7. aisle 8. allusion 9. altar 10. ate 11. bales 12. band 13. bare 14. bases 15. beat 16. blew  17. bread 18. buy


  • Hall, Lawrence Sargent. "The Ledge." The Hudson Review, 1960.
  • Houston, Pam. "Waltzing the Cat." Washington Square Press, 1999, New York.
  • Cheever, John. "The Country Husband." The New Yorker, 1955.
  • Brown, Rosellen. "How to Win." The Massachusetts Review, 1975.
  • Dark, Alice Elliott. "In the Gloaming." The New Yorker. 1994.
  • Elkins, Stanley. "Criers and Kibitzers, Kibitzers and Criers." Perspective, 1962.
  • Gellhorn, Martha. "Miami-New York." The Atlantic Monthly, 1948.
  • Cather, Willa. "Double Birthday." "Uncle Valentine and Other Stories." University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Neb., 1986.
  • Lerner, Mary. "Little Selves." The Atlantic Monthly, 1915.
  • Durban, Pam. "Soon." The Southern Review, 1997.
  • Updike, John. "My Father's Tears and Other Stories." Knopf, 2009, New York.
  • Nabokov, Vladimir "That in Aleppo Once..." The Atlantic Monthly, 1944.
  • Munro, Alice. "Meneseteung." The New Yorker, 1989.
  • Silva, Deidre, and Koney, Jackie. "It Takes More Than Balls: The Savvy Girls' Guide to Understanding and Enjoying Baseball." Skyhorse, 2008, New York.
  • Bellow, Saul. "A Silver Dish." The New Yorker, 1979.
  • Faulkner, William. "That Evening Sun Go Down." The American Mercury, 1931.
  • Singer, Isaac Bashevis. "The Key." "A Friend of Kafka." Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1979, New York.
  • Katherine Anne Porter, "Theft." The Gyroscope, 1930.
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Your Citation
Nordquist, Richard. "200 Homonyms, Homophones, and Homographs." ThoughtCo, Apr. 16, 2021, thoughtco.com/homonyms-homophones-and-homographs-a-b-1692660. Nordquist, Richard. (2021, April 16). 200 Homonyms, Homophones, and Homographs. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/homonyms-homophones-and-homographs-a-b-1692660 Nordquist, Richard. "200 Homonyms, Homophones, and Homographs." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/homonyms-homophones-and-homographs-a-b-1692660 (accessed May 19, 2022).