How to Build a Simple GUI Application (With Example JavaFX Code)

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JavaFX Code:

Picture of a woman typing on a keyboard
© Stepan Popov / E+ / Getty Images

This code uses a BorderPane as a container for two FlowPanes and a Button. The first FlowPane contains a Label and ChoiceBox, the second FlowPane a Label and a ListView. The Button switches the visibility of each FlowPane.

//Imports are listed in full to show what's being used
//could just import javafx.*
import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.FXCollections;
import javafx.event.ActionEvent;
import javafx.event.EventHandler;
import javafx.geometry.Insets;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.Button;
import javafx.scene.control.ChoiceBox;
import javafx.scene.control.Label;
import javafx.scene.control.ListView;
import javafx.scene.layout.BorderPane;
import javafx.scene.layout.FlowPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;
public class ApplicationWindow extends Application {
//JavaFX applicatoin still use the main method.
//It should only ever contain the call to the launch method
public static void main(String[] args) {
launch(args);
}
//starting point for the application
//this is where we put the code for the user interface
@Override
public void start(Stage primaryStage) {
//The primaryStage is the top-level container
primaryStage.setTitle("example Gui");
//The BorderPane has the same areas laid out as the
//BorderLayout layout manager
BorderPane componentLayout = new BorderPane();
componentLayout.setPadding(new Insets(20,0,20,20));
//The FlowPane is a conatiner that uses a flow layout
final FlowPane choicePane = new FlowPane();
choicePane.setHgap(100);
Label choiceLbl = new Label("Fruits");
//The choicebox is populated from an observableArrayList
ChoiceBox fruits = new ChoiceBox(FXCollections.observableArrayList("Asparagus", "Beans", "Broccoli", "Cabbage"
, "Carrot", "Celery", "Cucumber", "Leek", "Mushroom"
, "Pepper", "Radish", "Shallot", "Spinach", "Swede"
, "Turnip"));
//Add the label and choicebox to the flowpane
choicePane.getChildren().add(choiceLbl);
choicePane.getChildren().add(fruits);
//put the flowpane in the top area of the BorderPane
componentLayout.setTop(choicePane);
final FlowPane listPane = new FlowPane();
listPane.setHgap(100);
Label listLbl = new Label("Vegetables");
ListView vegetables = new ListView(FXCollections.observableArrayList("Apple", "Apricot", "Banana"
,"Cherry", "Date", "Kiwi", "Orange", "Pear", "Strawberry"));
listPane.getChildren().add(listLbl);
listPane.getChildren().add(vegetables);
listPane.setVisible(false);
componentLayout.setCenter(listPane);
//The button uses an inner class to handle the button click event
Button vegFruitBut = new Button("Fruit or Veg");
vegFruitBut.setOnAction(new EventHandler() {
@Override
public void handle(ActionEvent event) {
//switch the visibility for each FlowPane
choicePane.setVisible(!choicePane.isVisible());
listPane.setVisible(!listPane.isVisible());
}
});
componentLayout.setBottom(vegFruitBut);
//Add the BorderPane to the Scene
Scene appScene = new Scene(componentLayout,500,500);
//Add the Scene to the Stage
primaryStage.setScene(appScene);
primaryStage.show();
}
}
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Your Citation
Leahy, Paul. "How to Build a Simple GUI Application (With Example JavaFX Code)." ThoughtCo, Jan. 17, 2017, thoughtco.com/how-to-build-a-simple-gui-application-javafx-code-2034067. Leahy, Paul. (2017, January 17). How to Build a Simple GUI Application (With Example JavaFX Code). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/how-to-build-a-simple-gui-application-javafx-code-2034067 Leahy, Paul. "How to Build a Simple GUI Application (With Example JavaFX Code)." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/how-to-build-a-simple-gui-application-javafx-code-2034067 (accessed May 21, 2018).