How to Conjugate Gehen in German

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The word gehen (to go), one of the most-used verbs in Germany, belongs to the class of strong verbs in German. Also called "irregular strong," these verbs have a vowel change in the simple past and a past participle ending in -en. In the simple past, strong verbs also take the same endings as modal verbs (in particular, there are no endings for the first person and third person singular), notes the University of Michigan's College of Literature, Science, and the Arts.

Some other verbs in this class are sehen (to see), sinken (to sink), and werden (to become).

Conjugating "Gehen"

The tables below provide conjugations the verb gehen in all tenses and moods.

Present Tense
Note: German has no present progressive tense (he's going, I am going). The German present ich gehe can mean either "I go" or "I'm going" in English.
ich geheI go, am going
du gehstyou (familiar) go, are going
er geht
sie geht
es geht
he goes, is going
she goes, is going
it goes, is going
wir gehenwe go, are going
ihr gehtyou (guys) go, are going
sie gehenthey go, are going
Sie gehenyou go, are going
  Sie, formal "you," is both singular and plural:
  Gehen Sie heute Herr Meier?
  Are you going today, Mr. Meier?
  Gehen Sie heute Herr und Frau Meier?
  Are you going today, Mr. and Mrs. Meier?

Simple Past Tense | Imperfekt

Simple Past Tense
Note: The German Imperfekt (simple past) tense is used more in written form (newspapers, books) than in speaking. In conversation, the Perfekt (present perfect) is preferred for talking about past events or conditions.
ich gingI went
du gingstyou (familiar) went
er ging
sie ging
es ging
he went
she went
it went
wir gingenwe went
ihr gingtyou (guys) went
sie gingenthey went
Sie gingenyou went


Present Perfect Tense | Perfekt

Present Perfect Tense (Past)
Note: The verb gehen uses sein (not haben) as its helping verb in the Perfekt (present perfect). The German Perfektof gehen can be translated either as "went" (English simple past) or "has gone" (English present perfect), depending on the context.
ich bin gegangenI went, have gone
du bist gegangenyou (familiar) went,
have gone
er ist gegangen
sie ist gegangen
es ist gegangen
he went, has gone
she went, has gone
it went, has gone
wir sind gegangenwe went, have gone
ihr seid gegangenyou (guys) went,
have gone
sie sind gegangenthey went, have gone
Sie sind gegangenyou went, have gone


Past Perfect Tense | Plusquamperfekt

Past Perfect Tense
Note: To form the past perfect, all you do is change the helping verb (sein) to the past tense. Everything else is the same as in the Perfekt (present perfect) above.
ich war gegangen
du warst gegangen

...und so weiter
I had gone
you had gone
...and so on
wir waren gegangen
sie waren gegangen

...und so weiter.
we had gone
they had gone
...and so on.


Future Tense | Futur

Future Tense
Note: The future tense is used much less in German than in English. Very often the present tense is used with an adverb instead, as with the present progressive in English: Er geht am Dienstag. = He's going on Tuesday.
ich werde gehenI will go
du wirst gehenyou (familiar) will go
er wird gehen
sie wird gehen
es wird gehen
he will go
she will go
it will go
wir werden gehenwe will go
ihr werdet gehenyou (guys) will go
sie werden gehenthey will go
Sie werden gehenyou will go

Future Perfect | Futur II

Future Perfect
Futur II
ich werde gegangen seinI will have gone
du wirst gegangen seinyou (familiar) will have gone
er wird gegangen sein
sie wird gegangen sein
es wird gegangen sein
he will have gone
she will have gone
it will have gone
wir werden gegangen seinwe will have gone
ihr werdet gegangen seinyou (guys) will have gone
sie werden gegangen seinthey will have gone
Sie werden gegangen seinyou will have gone

Commands | Imperativ

There are three command (imperative) forms, one for each "you" word. In addition, the "let's" form is used with wir.
(du) gehe!go
(ihr) geht!go
gehen Sie!go
gehen wir!let's go

Subjunctive I | Konjunktiv I

Subjunctive I
Konjunktiv I
The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense. The subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) is based on the infinitive form of the verb. It is most often used to express indirect quotation (indirekte Rede).
ich gehe (ginge)*I go
du gehestyou go
er gehe
sie gehe
es gehe
he goes
she goes
it goes
*NOTE: Because the Subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) of "werden" and some other verbs are sometimes identical to the indicative (normal) form, the subjunctive II is sometimes substituted, as in the items marked.
wir gehen (gingen)*we go
ihr gehetyou (guys) go
sie gehen (gingen)*they go
Sie gehen (gingen)*you go

Subjunctive II | Konjunktiv II

Subjunctive II
Konjunktiv II
The subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II) expresses wishful thinking, contrary-to-reality situations and is used to express politeness. The subjunctive II is based on the simple past tense (Imperfekt).
ich gingeI would go
du gingestyou would go
er ginge
sie ginge
es ginge
he would go
she would go
it would go
wir gingenwe would go
ihr gingetyou (guys) would go
sie gingenthey would go
Sie gingenyou would go
NOTE: The subjunctive form of "werden" is often used in combination with other verbs to form the conditional mood (Konditional). Here are several examples with gehen:
Sie würden nicht gehen.You wouldn't go.
Wohin würden Sie gehen?Where would you go?
Ich würde nach Hause gehen.I would go home.
Since the subjunctive is a mood and not a tense, it can also be used in various tenses. Below are several examples.
ich sei gegangenI am said to have gone
ich wäre gegangenI would have gone
sie wären gegangenthey would have gone