Languages › German How to Conjugate Gehen in German Share Flipboard Email Print Michael Heffernan/Getty Images German Vocabulary History & Culture Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar By Hyde Flippo German Expert Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. our editorial process Hyde Flippo Updated February 21, 2020 The word gehen (to go), one of the most-used verbs in Germany, belongs to the class of strong verbs in German. Also called "irregular strong," these verbs have a vowel change in the simple past and a past participle ending in -en. In the simple past, strong verbs also take the same endings as modal verbs (in particular, there are no endings for the first person and third person singular), notes the University of Michigan's College of Literature, Science, and the Arts. Some other verbs in this class are sehen (to see), sinken (to sink), and werden (to become). Conjugating "Gehen" The tables below provide conjugations the verb gehen in all tenses and moods. Present Tense Note: German has no present progressive tense (he's going, I am going). The German present ich gehe can mean either "I go" or "I'm going" in English. DEUTSCH ENGLISH ich gehe I go, am going du gehst you (familiar) go, are going er gehtsie gehtes geht he goes, is goingshe goes, is goingit goes, is going wir gehen we go, are going ihr geht you (guys) go, are going sie gehen they go, are going Sie gehen you go, are going Sie, formal "you," is both singular and plural: Gehen Sie heute Herr Meier? Are you going today, Mr. Meier? Gehen Sie heute Herr und Frau Meier? Are you going today, Mr. and Mrs. Meier? Simple Past Tense | Imperfekt Note: The German Imperfekt (simple past) tense is used more in written form (newspapers, books) than in speaking. In conversation, the Perfekt (present perfect) is preferred for talking about past events or conditions. DEUTSCH ENGLISH ich ging I went du gingst you (familiar) went er gingsie ginges ging he wentshe wentit went wir gingen we went ihr gingt you (guys) went sie gingen they went Sie gingen you went Present Perfect Tense | Perfekt Note: The verb gehen uses sein (not haben) as its helping verb in the Perfekt (present perfect). The German Perfektof gehen can be translated either as "went" (English simple past) or "has gone" (English present perfect), depending on the context. DEUTSCH ENGLISH ich bin gegangen I went, have gone du bist gegangen you (familiar) went,have gone er ist gegangensie ist gegangenes ist gegangen he went, has goneshe went, has goneit went, has gone wir sind gegangen we went, have gone ihr seid gegangen you (guys) went,have gone sie sind gegangen they went, have gone Sie sind gegangen you went, have gone Past Perfect Tense | Plusquamperfekt Note: To form the past perfect, all you do is change the helping verb (sein) to the past tense. Everything else is the same as in the Perfekt (present perfect) above. DEUTSCH ENGLISH ich war gegangendu warst gegangen...und so weiter I had goneyou had gone...and so on wir waren gegangensie waren gegangen...und so weiter. we had gonethey had gone...and so on. Future Tense | Futur Note: The future tense is used much less in German than in English. Very often the present tense is used with an adverb instead, as with the present progressive in English: Er geht am Dienstag. = He's going on Tuesday. DEUTSCH ENGLISH ich werde gehen I will go du wirst gehen you (familiar) will go er wird gehensie wird gehenes wird gehen he will goshe will goit will go wir werden gehen we will go ihr werdet gehen you (guys) will go sie werden gehen they will go Sie werden gehen you will go Future Perfect | Futur II DEUTSCH ENGLISH ich werde gegangen sein I will have gone du wirst gegangen sein you (familiar) will have gone er wird gegangen seinsie wird gegangen seines wird gegangen sein he will have goneshe will have goneit will have gone wir werden gegangen sein we will have gone ihr werdet gegangen sein you (guys) will have gone sie werden gegangen sein they will have gone Sie werden gegangen sein you will have gone Commands | Imperativ There are three command (imperative) forms, one for each "you" word. In addition, the "let's" form is used with wir. DEUTSCH ENGLISH (du) gehe! go (ihr) geht! go gehen Sie! go gehen wir! let's go Subjunctive I | Konjunktiv I The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense. The subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) is based on the infinitive form of the verb. It is most often used to express indirect quotation (indirekte Rede). *NOTE: Because the Subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) of "werden" and some other verbs are sometimes identical to the indicative (normal) form, the subjunctive II is sometimes substituted, as in the items marked. DEUTSCH ENGLISH ich gehe (ginge)* I go du gehest you go er gehesie gehees gehe he goesshe goesit goes wir gehen (gingen)* we go ihr gehet you (guys) go sie gehen (gingen)* they go Sie gehen (gingen)* you go Subjunctive II | Konjunktiv II The subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II) expresses wishful thinking, contrary-to-reality situations and is used to express politeness. The subjunctive II is based on the simple past tense (Imperfekt). DEUTSCH ENGLISH ich ginge I would go du gingest you would go er gingesie gingees ginge he would goshe would goit would go wir gingen we would go ihr ginget you (guys) would go sie gingen they would go Sie gingen you would go NOTE: The subjunctive form of "werden" is often used in combination with other verbs to form the conditional mood (Konditional). Here are several examples with gehen: Sie würden nicht gehen. You wouldn't go. Wohin würden Sie gehen? Where would you go? Ich würde nach Hause gehen. I would go home. Since the subjunctive is a mood and not a tense, it can also be used in various tenses. 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