Learn to Conjugate the Japanese Verb "Kuru"

Conjugations Charts and Example Sentences for This Irregular Verb

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The Japanese word "kuru" is a very common Japanese word and one of the first that students learn. "kuru," which means "to come" or "to arrive", is an irregular verb. The following charts will help you understand how to conjugate the verb "kuru" as well as its alternate usages. 

Conjugation Table

In its simplest form, "kuru" is a verb that means "to come". Here is a chart that conjugates the verb in present tense, past tense, conditional, imperative, and more.

kuru (to come)
Informal Present
(Dictionary Form)
kuru
来る
Formal Present
(~ masu Form)
kimasu
来ます
Informal Past 
(~ ta Form)
kita
来た
Formal Past kimashita
来ました
Informal Negative
(~ nai Form)
konai
来ない
Formal Negativekimasen
来ません
Informal Past Negativekonakatta
来なかった
Formal Past Negativekimasen deshita
来ませんでした
~ te Formkite
来て
Conditionalkureba
来れば
Volitionalkoyou
来よう
Passivekorareru
来られる
Causativekosaseru
来させる
Potentialkorareru
来られる
Imperative
(Command)
koi
来い

Sentence Examples

If you're curious about how to use "kuru" in sentences, here are a few sample sentences you can look to as an example.

Kare wa kyou gakkou ni konakatta.
彼は今日学校に来なかった。
He didn't come to school today.
Watashi no uchi ni 
kite kudasai.

私のうちに来てください。
Please come to my house.
Kinyoubi ni korareru?
金曜日に来られる?
Can you come on Friday?

 

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Abe, Namiko. "Learn to Conjugate the Japanese Verb "Kuru"." ThoughtCo, May. 4, 2017, thoughtco.com/how-to-conjugate-kuru-4058517. Abe, Namiko. (2017, May 4). Learn to Conjugate the Japanese Verb "Kuru". Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/how-to-conjugate-kuru-4058517 Abe, Namiko. "Learn to Conjugate the Japanese Verb "Kuru"." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/how-to-conjugate-kuru-4058517 (accessed September 22, 2017).