Languages › Japanese How to Say the Months, Days, and Seasons in Japanese Audio files make learning the words and phrases easy Share Flipboard Email Print Trevor Williams/Getty Images Japanese Essential Japanese Vocabulary History & Culture Japanese Grammar By Namiko Abe Japanese Language Expert B.A., Kwansei Gakuin University Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert. She has been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. our editorial process Namiko Abe Updated February 24, 2020 There is no capitalization in Japanese. Months are basically numbers (1 through 12) + gatsu, which means, literally, "month" in English. So, to say the months of the year, you generally say the number of the month, followed by gatsu. But, there are exceptions: Pay attention to April, July, and September. April is shi-gatsu, not yon-gatsu, July is shichi-gatsu, not nana-gatsu, and September is ku-gatsu, not kyuu-gatsu. The audio files in the lists below provide verbal guides on how to pronounce the months, days, and seasons in Japanese. Click the link for each Japanese word, phrase or sentence to hear the correct pronunciation. The Months in Japanese For this list of months, the English name of the month is printed on the left, followed by the romaji, or transliteration into English letters of the Japanese word for the month, followed by the name of the month written with Japanese letters. To hear the pronunciation of the month in Japanese, click the link for the transliteration of the month, underlined in blue. Month Japanese Characters January ichi-gatsu 一月 February ni-gatsu 二月 March san-gatsu 三月 April shi-gatsu 四月 May go-gatsu 五月 June roku-gatsu 六月 July shichi-gatsu 七月 August hachi-gatsu 八月 September ku-gatsu 九月 October juu-gatsu 十月 November juuichi-gatsu 十一月 December juuni-gatsu 十二月 The Days of the Week in Japanese As with the section above, detailing how to pronounce the months, in this section, you can learn how to say the days of the week in Japanese. The name of the day is printed in English on the left, followed by the transliteration in Japanese, followed by the day written with Japanese letters. To hear how a specific day is pronounced in Japanese, click the link for the transliteration, which is underlined in blue. Day Japanese Characters Sunday nichiyoubi 日曜日 Monday getsuyoubi 月曜日 Tuesday kayoubi 火曜日 Wednesday suiyoubi 水曜日 Thursday mokuyoubi 木曜日 Friday kinyoubi 金曜日 Saturday doyoubi 土曜日 It's important to know key phrases if you plan to visit Japan. The question below is written in English, followed by the transliteration in Japanese, followed by the question written in Japanese letters. What day is it today? Kyou wa nan youbi desu ka. 今日は何曜日ですか。 The Four Seasons in Japanese In any language, it's helpful to know the names of the seasons of the year. As in the previous sections, the names of the seasons, as well as the words, "four seasons," are printed on the left, followed by the transliteration in Japanese, followed by the names of the seasons written in Japanese letters. To hear the pronunciation of a particular season in Japanese, click the link words for the transliteration, which are underlined in blue. Season Japanese Characters four seasons shiki 四季 Spring haru 春 Summer natsu 夏 Autumn aki 秋 Winter fuyu 冬 It's interesting to note that kisetsu means "season" or "the season" in Japanese, as noted in this sentence. For example, to ask: Which season do you like best? You would say: Dono kisetsu ga ichiban suki desu ka. > どの季節が一番好きですか。 Yet, "four seasons" has its own word in Japanese, shiki, as noted above. This is just one of the many ways in which Japanese differs from English—but it provides a fascinating look at how these Western and Eastern cultures even describe something as basic as the four seasons differently. Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Abe, Namiko. "How to Say the Months, Days, and Seasons in Japanese." ThoughtCo, Feb. 16, 2021, thoughtco.com/how-to-say-the-months-and-days-in-japanese-2028134. Abe, Namiko. (2021, February 16). How to Say the Months, Days, and Seasons in Japanese. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/how-to-say-the-months-and-days-in-japanese-2028134 Abe, Namiko. "How to Say the Months, Days, and Seasons in Japanese." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/how-to-say-the-months-and-days-in-japanese-2028134 (accessed May 18, 2021). copy citation How to Say Happy New Year in Japanese The Meaning of 'Nani' in Japanese Japanese Body Parts Vocabulary Japanese Greetings and Parting Phrases Fruits: Japanese Vocabulary Japanese Vocabulary Related to the Concept of Family Expressions Used in Letters Learn Japanese Weather Vocabulary 10 Animal Sounds in Japanese Words What Does Konnichiwa Mean in Japanese? How Do You Say "Merry Christmas" in Japanese? Useful Japanese Expressions Learn the Japanese Phrase 'Ki o Tsukete' Formal Introductions in Japanese Ogenki Desu Ka in Japanese What Does Shiawase Mean in Japanese?