How to Say the Months, Days, and Seasons in Japanese

Audio files make learning the words and phrases easy

Calendar
Trina Dalziel. Ikon Images

There is no capitalization in Japanese. Months are basically numbers (1–12) + gatsu, which means, literally, "month" in English. So, to say the months of the year, you generally say the number of the month, followed by gatsu. But, there are exceptions: Pay attention to April, July, and September. April is shi-gatsu not yon-gatsu, July is shichi-gatsu not nana-gatsu, and September is ku-gatsu not kyuu-gatsu.

The audio files in the lists below provide verbal guides on how to pronounce the months, days, and seasons in Japanese. Click the link for each Japanese word, phrase or sentence to hear the correct pronunciation.

The Months in Japanese

For this list of months, the English name of the month is printed on the left, followed by the transliteration of the Japanese word for the month, followed by the name of the month written with Japanese letters. To hear the pronunciation of the month in Japanese, click the link for the transliteration of the month, underlined in blue.

The Days of the Week in Japanese

As with the section above, detailing how to pronounce the months, in this section, you can learn how to say the days of the week in Japanese.

The name of the day is printed in English on the left, followed by the transliteration in Japanese, followed by the day written with Japanese letters. To hear how a specific day is pronounced in Japanese, click the link for the transliteration, which is underlined in blue.

It's important to know key phrases if you plan to visit Japan. The question below is written in English, followed by the transliteration in Japanese, followed by the question written in Japanese letters. 

What day is it today? - Kyou wa nan youbi desu ka.
今日は何曜日ですか。

The Four Seasons in Japanese

In any language, it's helpful to know the names of the seasons of the year. As in the previous sections, the names of the seasons, as well as the words, "four seasons," are printed on the left, followed by the transliteration in Japanese, followed by the names of the seasons written in Japanese letters. To hear the pronunciation of a particular season in Japanese, click the link words for the transliteration, which are underlined in blue.

It's interesting to note that kisetsu means "season" or "the season" in Japanese, as noted in this sentence.

Which season do you like the best? - Dono kisetsu ga ichiban suki desu ka.
どの季節が一番好きですか。

Yet, "four seasons" has its own word in Japanese, shiki, as noted above. This is is just one of the many ways in which Japanese differs from English—but it provides a fascinating look at how these Western and Eastern cultures even describe something as basic as the four seasons differently.

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Abe, Namiko. "How to Say the Months, Days, and Seasons in Japanese." ThoughtCo, Nov. 12, 2017, thoughtco.com/how-to-say-the-months-and-days-in-japanese-2028134. Abe, Namiko. (2017, November 12). How to Say the Months, Days, and Seasons in Japanese. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/how-to-say-the-months-and-days-in-japanese-2028134 Abe, Namiko. "How to Say the Months, Days, and Seasons in Japanese." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/how-to-say-the-months-and-days-in-japanese-2028134 (accessed November 24, 2017).