How to Use Demonstrative Determiners

It's over there!
It's over there!. Westend61 / Getty Images

This That These and Those are considered demonstrative determiners and are often used with the location words 'here' and 'there'. 

Read the conversations below:

David: Could you give me that book on the table over there?
Frank: Do you mean this book here?
David: Yes, that book.
Frank: Here you are. Oh, could you give me those magazines on the table over there?
David: These? Sure, here you are.

David: Is there an apple on that table over there?


Frank: Yes, there is. Here it is.
David: Great, are there any oranges?
Frank: No, there aren't.
David: Oh, here they are, next to me on this table.

It's important to learn this and these for objects that are close at hand. This is used for singular objects, and these is used for plural objects. This and these are often used with the 'here' to indicate that the object is near. For example:

This is my bag here.
These are my friends in this room.

That is used for singular objects, and those is used for plural objects that are located away from the speaker. That and those are often used with the 'there' to indicate that the object is away from the speaker. 

That is my car parked over there.
Those are my apple trees at the back of the garden.

How to Use Here and There

Close or Far?SingularExamplePluralExample
Close = hereThisThis is my car here in my driveway.TheseThese are my friends sitting at the table here.
Far = thereThatThat is Tom's house over there.ThoseThose are my classmates sitting over there.

 

Singular Forms

Use "here" for something which is near to us.

Here is the pencil in my hand.

Use "there" for something which is far from us.

There is the pen next to the lamp.

Use "this" for one object (singular) which is here (near to us).

This is a book in my hand.

Use "that" for one object (singular) which is there.

That is his car over there.

Plural Forms

Plural forms are used to speak about more than one person, place or thing. Use "these" for more than one object (plural) which are here (near to us).

These are my friends next to me.

Use "those" for more than one object (plural) which are there.

Those are his toys over there.

Use "there" for one object (singular) which exists - or "is" (near to us).

There is (There's) a table next to the window.

Use "there" for more than one object (plural) which exist - or "are".

There are many of my friends at the party tonight.

This / That / These / Those Exercise

Complete the sentences using this, that, these, those, here and there. Click on the next page to see the answers.

  1. Could you bring me that chair over _____?
  2. Here are _____ pictures you asked for.
  3. Can you see _____ building next to the bank?
  4. Is _____ piece of pie over there for me?
  5. _____ are three boys sitting on the bench.
  6. I would like some of _____ cookies right here.
  7. _____ bicycles over there are expensive.
  8. _____ dolls on the table are very old.
  9. _____ are the books you wanted.
  10. I'd love to have that picture on the wall over _____.

Answers

  1. there - Use there to speak about something away from you.
  2. those - Use those to refer to something you've discussed earlier.
  1. that - Use that to point out large structures that are away from you.
  2. there - Use there in the questions is there / are there  to ask if something is available.
  3. There - Use there to indicate people who are away from you.
  4. these - Use these to speak about something close by.
  5. Those - Use those to indicate more that one object "over there".
  6. Those - Use those to discuss something away from you.
  7. Here - Use here is / here are when handing something to someone.
  8. There - Use there in the phrase "over there" to indicate something in the distance. 

 

Here are the answers for the 'This','That', 'These', 'Those', 'Here' and 'There' exercise on the previous page. If you answered incorrectly, return to the structure page by clicking page '1' below to study the forms again.
  1. Could you bring me that chair over there?
  2. Here are these pictures.
  3. Can you see that building next to the bank?
  4. Is there a piece of pie for me?
  5. There are three boys sitting on the bench.
  1. I would like some of those cookies on that shelf.
  2. Those bicycles over there are expensive.
  3. These dolls on the table here are very old.