HTML Codes and Special Characters

HTML codes to add special characters on your web page

HTML code for building a web form
HTML code for building a web form. Image courtesy Gary Conner / Photolibrary / Getty Images

When you are coding a web page, you often need to use characters that are not found on a keyboard. To add these characters to your page, you cannot simply type them out. Instead, you have to code that character using an ​HTML special character.

In other instances, certain characters are reserved in HTML, like the "less than" and "greater than" arrows that make up all HTML elements, or the ampersand symbol.

Even though these characters are on your keyboard, you still would encode these in your HTML so that your document knows how to properly render them on the screen.

HTML Codes for Web Pages

The following list includes the HTML codes for many of the special character symbols used on web pages. To use these codes, you could write the special character out by hand, using either the friendly code, the numerical code, or even the hex code. You could also just find the character you need from the list below and paste in the code for it into your HTML document. You should use the Unicode character set and define that in the head of your document. You define this character set by putting this line in the of your document.

CharacterFriendly CodeNumerical CodeHex CodeDescription
AAAACapital A
aaaaLowercase A
ÀÀÀÀCapital A-grave
ààààLowercase A-grave
ÁÁÁÁCapital A-acute
ááááLowercase A-acute
ÂÂÂÂCapital A-circumflex
ââââLowercase A-circumflex
ÃÃÃÃCapital A-tilde
ããããLowercase A-tilde
ÄÄÄÄCapital A-umlaut
ääääLowercase A-umlaut
ÅÅÅÅCapital A-ring
ååååLowercase A-umlaut
Ā ĀĀCapital A-macron
ā āāLowercase A-macron
Ă ĂĂCapital A-breve
ă ăăLowercase A-breve
Ą ĄĄCapital A-ogonek
ą ąąLowercase A-ogonek
Ǟ ǞǞCapital A-diaeresis and macron
ǟ ǟǟLowercase A-diaeresis and macron
Ǻ ǺǺCapital A-acute ring
ǻ ǻǻLowercase A-acute ring
ÆÆÆÆCapital AE Ligature
ææææLowercase AE Ligature
Ǽ ǼǼCapital AE Ligature-acute
ǽ ǽǽLowercase AE Ligature-acute
BBBBCapital B
bbbbLowercase B
 Capital B-dot
 Lowercase B-dot
CCCCCapital C
ccccLowercase C
Ć ĆĆCapital C-acute
ć ććLowercase C-acute
ÇÇÇÇCapital C-cedilla
ççççLowercase C-cedilla
Č ČČCapital C-hachek
č ččLowercase C-hachek
Ĉ ĈĈCapital C-circumflex
ĉ ĉĉLowercase C-circumflex
Ċ ĊĊCapital C-dot
ċ ċċLowercase C-dot
DDDDCapital D
ddddLowercase D
 Capital D-cedilla
 Lowercase D-cedilla
Ď ĎĎCapital D-hachek
ď ďďLowercase D-hachek
 Capital D-dot
 Lowercase D-dot
Đ ĐĐCapital D-stroke
đ đđLowercase D-stroke
ÐÐÐÐCapital Eth (Icelandic)
ððððLowercase Eth (Icelandic)
DZ or Dz DZ or &498;DZ or DzCapital DZ Ligature
dz dzdzLowercase DZ Ligature
DŽ or Dž DŽ or DžDŽ or DžCapital DZ-hachek
dž dždžLowercase DZ-hachek
EEEECapital E
eeeeLowercase E
ÈÈÈÈCapital E-grave
èèèèLowercase E-grave
ÉÉÉÉCapital E-acute
ééééLowercase E-acute
Ě ĚĚCapital E-hachek
ě ěěLowercase E-hachek
ÊÊÊÊCapital E-circumflex
êêêêLowercase E-circumflex
ËËËËCapital E-umlaut
ëëëëLowercase E-umlaut
Ē ĒĒCapital E-macron
ē ēēLowercase E-macron
Ĕ ĔĔCapital E-breve
ĕ ĕĕLowercase E-breve
Ę ĘĘCapital E-ogonek
ę ęęLowercase E-ogonek
Ė ĖĖCapital E-dot
ė ėėLowercase E-dot
Ʒ ƷƷCapital Ezh
ʒ ʒʒLowercase Ezh
Ǯ ǮǮCapital Ezh-hachek
ǯ ǯǯLowercase Ezh-hachek
FFFFCapital F
ffffLowercase F
 Capital F-dot
 Lowercase F-dot
ƒ ƒƒLowercase F-hook
 Lowercase FF Ligature
 Lowercase FI Ligature
 Lowercase FL Ligature
 Lowercase FFI Ligature
 Lowercase FFL Ligature
 Lowercase FT Ligature
GGGGCapital G
ggggLowercase G
Ǵ ǴǴCapital G-acute
ǵ ǵǵLowercase G-acute
Ģ ĢĢCapital G-cedilla
ģ ģģLowercase G-cedilla
Ǧ ǦǦCapital G-hachek
ǧ ǧǧLowercase G-hachek
Ĝ ĜĜCapital G-circumflex
ĝ ĝĝLowercase G-circumflex
Ğ ĞĞCapital G-breve
ğ ğğLowercase G-breve
Ġ ĠĠCapital G-dot
ġ ġġLowercase G-dot
Ǥ ǤǤCapital G-stroke
ǥ ǥǥLowercase G-stroke
HHHHCapital H
hhhhLowercase H
Ĥ ĤĤCapital H-circumflex
ĥ ĥĥLowercase H-circumflex
Ħ ĦĦCapital H-stroke
�� ħħLowercase H-stroke
IIIICapital I
iiiiLowercase I
ÌÌÌÌCapital I-grave
ììììLowercase I-grave
ÍÍÍÍCapital I-acute
ííííLowercase I-acute
ÎÎÎÎCapital I-circumflex
îîîîLowercase I-circumflex
Ĩ ĨĨCapital I-tilde
ĩ ĩĩLowercase I-tilde
ÏÏÏÏCapital I-umlaut
ïïïïLowercase I-umlaut
Ī ĪĪCapital I-macron
ī īīLowercase I-macron
Ĭ ĬĬCapital I-breve
ĭ ĭĭLowercase I-breve
Į ĮĮCapital I-ogonek
į įįLowercase I-ogonek
İ İİCapital I-dot
ı ııLowercase I-dotless
IJ IJIJCapital IJ Ligature
ij ijijLowercase IJ Ligature
JJJJCapital J
jjjjLowercase J
Ĵ ĴĴCapital J-circumflex
ĵ ĵĵLowercase J-circumflex
KKKKCapital K
kkkkLowercase K
 Capital K-acute
 Lowercase K-acute
Ķ ĶĶCapital K-cedilla
ķ ķķLowercase K-cedilla
Ǩ ǨǨCapital K-hachek
ǩ ǩǩLowercase K-hachek
ĸ ĸĸSmall Capital K
LLLLCapital L
llllLowercase L
Ĺ ĹĹCapital L-acute
ĺ ĺĺLowercase L-acute
Ļ ĻĻCapital L-cedilla
ļ ļļLowercase L-cedilla
Ľ ĽĽCapital L-hachek
ľ ľľLowercase L-hachek
Ŀ ĿĿCapital L-middle dot
ŀ ŀŀLowercase L-middle dot
Ł ŁŁCapital L-stroke
ł łłLowercase L-stroke
LJ or Lj LJ or LjLJ or LjCapital LJ Ligature
lj ljljLowercase LJ Ligature
MMMMCapital M
mmmmLowercase M
 Capital M-dot
 Lowercase M-dot
NNNNCapital N
nnnnLowercase N
Ń ŃŃCapital N-acute
ń ńńLowercase N-acute
Ņ ŅŅCapital N-cedilla
ņ ņņLowercase N-cedilla
Ň ŇŇCapital N-hachek
ň ňňLowercase N-hachek
ÑÑÑÑCapital N-tilde
ññññLowercase N-tilde
ʼn ʼnʼnLowercase N-apostrophe (before)
Ŋ ŊŊCapital Eng
ŋ ŋŋLowercase Eng
NJ or Nj NJ or NjNJ or NjCapital NJ Ligature
nj njnjLowercase NJ Ligature
OOOOCapital O
ooooLowercase O
ÒÒÒÒCapital O-grave
òòòòLowercase O-grave
ÓÓÓÓCapital O-acute
óóóóLowercase O-acute
ÔÔÔÔCapital O-circumflex
ôôôôLowercase O-circumflex
ÕÕÕÕCapital O-tilde
õõõõLowercase O-tilde
ÖÖÖÖCapital O-umlaut
ööööLowercase O-umlaut
Ō ŌŌCapital O-macron
ō ōōLowercase O-macron
Ŏ ŎŎCapital O-breve
ŏ ŏŏLowercase O-breve
ØØØØCapital O-slash
øøøøLowercase O-slash
Ő ŐŐCapital O-double acute
ő őőLowercase O-double acute
Ǿ ǾǾCapital O-acute slash
ǿ ǿǿLowercase O-acute slash
ŒŒŒŒCapital OE Ligature
œœœœLowercase OE Ligature
PPPPCapital P
ppppLowercase P
 Capital P-dot
 Lowercase P-dot
QQQQCapital Q
qqqqLowercase Q
RRRRCapital R
rrrrLowercase R
Ŕ ŔŔCapital R-acute
ŕ ŕŕLowercase R-acute
Ŗ ŖŖCapital R-cedilla
ŗ ŗŗLowercase R-cedilla
Ř ŘŘCapital R-hachek
ř řřLowercase R-hachek
ɼ ɼɼLowercase R-Long leg
SSSSCapital S
ssssLowercase S
Ś ŚŚCapital S-acute
ś śśLowercase S-acute
Ş ŞŞCapital S-cedilla
ş şşLowercase S-cedilla
Š ŠŠCapital S-hachek
š ššLowercase S-hachek
Ŝ ŜŜCapital S-circumflex
ŝ ŝŝLowercase S-circumflex
 Capital S-dot
 Lowercase S-dot
ſ ſſLowercase S-long
ßßßßLowercase SZ Ligature
TTTTCapital T
ttttLowercase T
Ţ ŢŢCapital T-cedilla
ţ ţţLowercase T-cedilla
Ť ŤŤCapital T-hachek
ť ťťLowercase T-hachek
 Capital T-dot
 Lowercase T-dot
Ŧ ŦŦCapital T-stroke
ŧ ŧŧLowercase T-stroke
ÞÞÞÞCapital Thorn
þþþþLowercase Thorn
UUUUCapital U
uuuuLowercase U
ÙÙÙÙCapital U-grave
ùùùùLowercase U-grave
ÚÚÚÚCapital U-acute
úúúúLowercase U-acute
ÛÛÛÛCapital U-circumflex
ûûûûLowercase U-circumflex
Ũ ŨŨCapital U-tilde
ũ ũũLowercase U-tilde
ÜÜÜÜCapital U-umlaut
üüüüLowercase U-umlaut
Ů ŮŮCapital U-ring
ů ůůLowercase U-ring
Ū ŪŪCapital U-macron
ū ūūLowercase U-macron
Ŭ ŬŬCapital U-breve
ŭ ŭŭLowercase U-breve
Ų ŲŲCapital U-ogonek
ų ųųLowercase U-ogonek
Ű ŰŰCapital U-double acute
ű űűLowercase U-double acute
VVVVCapital V
vvvvLowercase V
WWWWCapital W
wwwwLowercase W
 Capital W-grave
 Lowercase W-grave
 Capital W-acute
 Lowercase W-acute
Ŵ ŴŴCapital W-circumflex
ŵ ŵŵLowercase W-circumflex
 Capital W-umlaut
 Lowercase W-umlaut
XXXXCapital X
xxxxLowercase X
YYYYCapital Y
yyyyLowercase Y
 Capital Y-grave
 Lowercase Y-grave
ÝÝÝÝCapital Y-acute
ýýýýLowercase Y-acute
Ŷ ŶŶCapital Y-circumflex
ŷ ŷŷLowercase Y-circumflex
ŸŸŸŸCapital Y-umlaut
ÿÿÿÿLowercase Y-umlaut
ZZZZCapital Z
zzzzLowercase Z
Ź ŹŹCapital Z-acute
ź źźLowercase Z-acute
Ž ŽŽCapital Z-hachek
ž žžLowercase Z-hachek
Ż ŻŻCapital Z-dot
ż żżLowercase Z-dot

Characters for Specific Languages and Uses

Original article by Jennifer Kyrnin, edited by Jeremy Girard

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Your Citation
Girard, Jeremy. "HTML Codes and Special Characters." ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2017, thoughtco.com/html-codes-special-characters-4061089. Girard, Jeremy. (2017, August 26). HTML Codes and Special Characters. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/html-codes-special-characters-4061089 Girard, Jeremy. "HTML Codes and Special Characters." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/html-codes-special-characters-4061089 (accessed December 17, 2017).