Illustrated Guide to Middle C

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Find Middle C on a Piano

Middle C on an 88-key keyboard.
Middle C is the fourth C from the left. Image © Brandy Kraemer

    ■ 88-key  |  76-key  |  61-key  |  49-key


How to Find Middle C on Different Keyboard Sizes


It’s normal to be confused about middle C’s location, especially on keyboards with fewer than 88 keys. Musical keyboards come in four standard sizes. The following illustrations point out middle C (a.k.a. “C4”) on each size.


Find Middle C on a Standard Piano (88 Keys)

A keyboard with 88 keys has a total of eight C’s; middle C is the fourth C from the left.

  • The very first note on an 88-key is an A  (A0).
  • The last key is a C  (C8).

View Keyboard Labeled With “Pitch Notation” (A0, C8, etc.)

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Middle C on a 76-Key Keyboard

Middle C on a 76-key keyboard.
Middle C is the third C from the left. Image © Brandy Kraemer

    ■ 88-key  |  76-key  |  61-key  |  49-key


Find Middle C on a 76-Key Keyboard


A keyboard with 76 keys has a total of six C’s; middle C is the third C from the left.

  • The very first note on a 76-key is an E  (E1).
  • The last key is a G  (G7).

View Keyboard Labeled With “Pitch Notation” (E1, G7, etc.)

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Middle C on a 61-Key Keyboard

Middle C on a 61-key keyboard.
Middle C is the third C from the left. Image © Brandy Kraemer

    ■ 88-key  |  76-key  |  61-key  |  49-key


Find Middle C on a 61-Key Keyboard


A keyboard with 61 keys has a total of six C’s; middle C is the third C from the left.

  • The first and last notes on a 61-key are both C’s  (C2 and C7).

View Keyboard Labeled With “Pitch Notation” (C2, C7, etc.)

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Middle C on a 49-Key Keyboard

Middle C on a 49-key keyboard.
Middle C is the third C from the left. Image © Brandy Kraemer

    ■ 88-key  |  76-key  |  61-key  |  49-key


Find Middle C on a 49-Key Keyboard


A keyboard with 49 keys has a total of five C’s; middle C is the third C from the left.

  • The first and last notes on a 49-key are both C’s  (C2 and C6).

View Keyboard Labeled With “Pitch Notation” (C2, C6, etc.)