Humanities › History & Culture Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade Share Flipboard Email Print Although Britain outlawed slavery in 1833 and it was abolished in the USA after the defeat of the Confederacy in the Civil War in 1865, the transatlantic trade in African slaves continued. The main market for the slaves was Brazil, where slavery was not abolished until 1888. Print Collector/Getty Images History & Culture African History Key Events American History African American History Ancient History and Culture Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More By Alistair Boddy-Evans History Expert Postgraduate Certificate in Education, University College London M.S., Imperial College London B.S., Heriot-Watt University Alistair Boddy-Evans is a teacher and African history scholar with more than 25 years of experience. our editorial process Alistair Boddy-Evans Updated May 03, 2019 Below you'll see pictures of indigenous and European slave trade, capture, transportation to the coast, slave pens, inspection by European merchants and ship's captains, slaving ships, and scenes from the Middle Passage. Indigenous African Slavery: Pawnship Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: "Journey of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile" by John Hanning Speke, New York 1869 Indigenous slavery in West Africa, known as pawnship, differed somewhat from the chattel slavery of the trans-Atlantic trade, since pawns would live amongst a similar culture. Pawns would, however, still be restrained against escape. A Slaver's Canoe Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: "Boy Travelers on the Congo" by Thomas W Knox, New York 1871 Slavers were often transported considerable distances down river (in this case the Congo) to be sold to Europeans. African Captives Being Sent Into Slavery Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: Library of Congress (cph 3a29129) This engraving entitled Tipo [sic] Tib's Fresh Captives Being Sent Into Bondage – Witnessed by Stanley records part of Henry Morton Stanley's journeys through Africa. Stanley also hired porters from Tippu Tib, a man considered the king of Zanzibar Slave Traders. Indigenous African Slavers Traveling From the Interior Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: "Voyage à la Côte Occidentale d'Afrique" by Louis Degrandpré, Paris 1801 Indigenous African slavers from coastal regions would travel far into the interior to obtain slaves. They were generally better armed, having obtained guns from European merchants in trade for slaves.Slaves are yoked with a forked branch and fixed in place with an iron pin across the back of their necks. The slightest tug on the branch could choke the prisoner. Cape Coast Castle, Gold Coast Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: "Thirty Different Drafts of Guinea" by William Smith, London 1749 The Europeans built several castles and forts, along the coast of West Africa—Elmina, Cape Coast, etc. These fortresses, otherwise known as 'factories', were the first permanent trading stations built by Europeans in Africa. A Slave Barracoon Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: "Boy Travelers on the Congo" by Thomas W Knox, New York 1871 Prisoners could be held in slave sheds, or barracoons, for several months whilst awaiting the arrival of European merchants. Slaves are shown hobbled to roughly hewn logs (on left) or in stocks (on right). Slaves would be fastened to the roof supports by rope, attached around their necks or interweaved into their hair. Female East African Slave Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: "Africa and its Explorations as told by its Explorers" by Mungo Park et al., London 1907. A regularly reproduced image, now regarded as that of a female East African slave. Married women of the Babuckur would pierce the edges of their ears and around their lips, insetting short sections of dried grass. Young African Boys Captured for Slave Trade Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: Harpers Weekly, 2 June 1860. Young boys were the favorite cargo of trans-Atlantic slave ship captains. Inspection of an African Slave Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: "Captain Canot: Twenty Years of an African Slaver" by Brantz Mayer (ed.), New York 1854 This engraving, entitled An African man being inspected for sale into slavery while a white man talks with African slave traders, appeared in the detailed account of a former slave ship captain, Theodore Canot -Captain Canot: Twenty Years of an African Slaver, edited by Brantz Mayer and published in New York in 1854. Testing an African Slave For Sickness Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: "Le commerce de l'Amerique par Marseille", engraving by Serge Daget, Paris 1725 From an engraving entitled An Englishman Tastes the Sweat of an African, numbered from right to left the image shows Africans displayed for sale in a public market, an African being examined before purchase, an Englishman licking sweat from the African's chin to test whether he is sick with a tropical disease (a sick slave would quickly infect the rest of the 'human cargo' on a tightly packed slave ship), and an African slave wearing an iron slave marker. Diagram of the Slave Ship Brookes Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: Library of Congress (cph 3a44236) Illustration showing deck plans and cross sections of British slave ship Brookes. Plans of Slave Decks, Slave Ship Brookes Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: Library of Congress A detailed drawing of the slave ship Brookes, showing how 482 people were to be packed onto the decks. The detailed plans and cross sectional drawing of the slave ship Brookes was distributed by the Abolitionist Society in England as part of their campaign against the slave trade, and dates from 1789. Slave Decks on the Slave Bark Wildfire Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: Library of Congress (cph 3a42003) also Harper's Weekly, 2 June 1860 From an engraving entitled The Africans of the slave bark "Wildfire" brought into Key West on April 30, 1860 which appeared in Harpers Weekly on 2 June 1860. The picture shows a separation of sexes: African men crowded onto a lower deck, African women on an upper deck at the back. Exercising Slaves on a Trans-Atlantic Slave Ship Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade. Source: "La France Maritime" by Amédée Gréhan (ed.), Paris 1837 To preserve the human cargo on a slave ship, individuals were occasionally allowed up on deck for exercise (and to provide entertainment for the crew). Note that they are being 'encouraged' by sailors holding whips.