Humanities › History & Culture Imperative Latin Verbs Share Flipboard Email Print History & Culture Ancient History and Culture Ancient Languages Figures & Events Greece Egypt Asia Rome Mythology & Religion American History African American History African History Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More By N.S. Gill Ancient History and Latin Expert M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota B.A., Latin, University of Minnesota N.S. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. our editorial process N.S. Gill Updated July 12, 2019 Normally, the imperative mood is used for direct commands (orders): Dormi'Go to sleep!' English rearranges the word order of the declarative sentence, if it's necessary, and replaces the period with an exclamation point. The Latin imperative is formed by removing the "-re" ending of the present infinitive: dormire without the "-re" is dormi. When ordering two or more people, add -"te" to the singular imperative. When telling more than one person to go to sleep, you say: DormiteSleep! For the plural imperative of 3rd conjugation verbs, the "e" before the dropped "re" is changed to an "i." Thus, the plural imperative of mittere 'to send' is: mittiteSend! but the singular imperative is: mitteSend! There are some irregular or irregular-seeming imperatives, especially in the case of irregular verbs. The imperative of ferre 'to carry' is ferre minus the "-re" ending, as predicted: ferCarry! in the singular and FerteCarry! in the plural. The imperative of the verb nolo is used to form negative commands. To say "don't" in Latin, you ordinarily use the imperative of nolo with the infinitive of the other verb.Noli me tangere.Don't touch me! Present Imperative of Nolo Singular: noliPlural: nolite More On the Negative Imperative You can also use other constructions. For instance, for the prohibitive imperative "don't hurry" you would say ne festina. More Imperatives There are also less common passive and future imperatives. For the verb 'to love' amare, the passive imperative singular is amare and the passive imperative plural is amamini. Both passive imperatives translate as 'be loved'. For deponent verbs (verbs that are passive in form and active in meaning), the imperative is passive although the meaning is active. The future imperatives for amare are amato, in the singular, and amatote, in the plural. This isn't a form we differentiate in English. In a sense, English imperatives are future imperatives because the person giving the order is asking that something be done in the near or distant future. Memento 'Remember!' is the future imperative of the verb memini 'to remember'. Esto 'be' is another relatively common Latin future imperative. Its plural is, as predicted, estote.