Independence Day for Every Country on Earth

A map of the world
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Of the 196 countries on Earth, the vast majority became independent after 1800. Only 20 were independent before the start of the 19th century—a mere 10%— and by 1900, only 49 or 25% of the countries of today were independent.

Countries by Independence Date

Here are all the countries in the world, listed in order from the oldest to the youngest:

660 BCE: Japan
221 BCE: China
301 CE: San Marino
843 CE: France
976 CE: Austria
10th Century CE: Denmark
1001: Hungary
1143: Portugal
1206: Mongolia
1238: Thailand
1278: Andorra
August 1, 1291: Switzerland
1419: Monaco
15th Century: Spain
1502: Iran
June 6, 1523: Sweden
January 23, 1579: The Netherlands
1650: Oman
May 1, 1707: The United Kingdom
January 23, 1719: Liechtenstein
1768: Nepal
July 4, 1776: The United States of America
January 1, 1804: Haiti
July 20, 1810: Colombia
September 16, 1810: Mexico
September 18, 1810: Chile
May 14, 1811: Paraguay
July 5, 1811: Venezuela
July 9, 1816: Argentina
July 28, 1821: Peru
September 15, 1821: Costa Rica
September 15, 1821: El Salvador
September 15, 1821: Guatemala
September 15, 1821: Honduras
September 15, 1821: Nicaragua
May 24, 1822: Ecuador
September 7, 1822: Brazil
August 6, 1825: Bolivia
August 25, 1825: Uruguay
1829: Greece
October 4, 1830: Belgium
1839: Luxembourg
February 27, 1844: The Dominican Republic
July 26, 1847: Liberia
March 17, 1861: Italy
July 1, 1867: Canada
January 18, 1871: Germany
May 9, 1877: Romania
March 3, 1878: Bulgaria
1896: Ethiopia
June 12, 1898: The Philippines
January 1, 1901: Australia
May 20, 1902: Cuba
November 3, 1903: Panama
June 7, 1905: Norway
September 26, 1907: New Zealand
May 31, 1910: South Africa
November 28, 1912: Albania
December 6, 1917: Finland
February 24, 1918: Estonia
November 11, 1918: Poland
December 1, 1918: Iceland
August 19, 1919: Afghanistan
December 6, 1921: Ireland
February 28, 1922: Egypt
October 29, 1923: Turkey
February 11, 1929: The Vatican City
September 23, 1932: Saudi Arabia
October 3, 1932: Iraq
November 22, 1943: Lebanon
August 15, 1945: North Korea
August 15, 1945: South Korea
August 17, 1945: Indonesia
September 2, 1945: Vietnam
April 17, 1946: Syria
May 25, 1946: Jordan
August 14, 1947: Pakistan
August 15, 1947: India
January 4, 1948: Burma
February 4, 1948: Sri Lanka
May 14, 1948: Israel
July 19, 1949: Laos
August 8, 1949: Bhutan
December 24, 1951: Libya
November 9, 1953: Cambodia
January 1, 1956: Sudan
March 2, 1956: Morocco
March 20, 1956: Tunisia
March 6, 1957: Ghana
August 31, 1957: Malaysia
October 2, 1958: Guinea
January 1, 1960: Cameroon
April 4, 1960: Senegal
May 27, 1960: Togo
June 30, 1960: Republic of the Congo
July 1, 1960: Somalia
July 26, 1960: Madagascar
August 1, 1960: Benin
August 3, 1960: Niger
August 5, 1960: Burkina Faso
August 7, 1960: Côte d'Ivoire
August 11, 1960: Chad
August 13, 1960: Central African Republic
August 15, 1960: Democratic Republic of the Congo
August 16, 1960: Cyprus
August 17, 1960: Gabon
September 22, 1960: Mali
October 1, 1960: Nigeria
November 28, 1960: Mauritania
April 27, 1961: Sierra Leone
June 19, 1961: Kuwait
January 1, 1962: Samoa
July 1, 1962: Burundi
July 1, 1962: Rwanda
July 5, 1962: Algeria
August 6, 1962: Jamaica
August 31, 1962: Trinidad and Tobago
October 9, 1962: Uganda
December 12, 1963: Kenya
April 26, 1964: Tanzania
July 6, 1964: Malawi
September 21, 1964: Malta
October 24, 1964: Zambia
February 18, 1965: The Gambia
July 26, 1965: The Maldives
August 9, 1965: Singapore
May 26, 1966: Guyana
September 30, 1966: Botswana
October 4, 1966: Lesotho
November 30, 1966: Barbados
January 31, 1968: Nauru
March 12, 1968: Mauritius
September 6, 1968: Swaziland
October 12, 1968: Equatorial Guinea
June 4, 1970: Tonga
October 10, 1970: Fiji
March 26, 1971: Bangladesh
August 15, 1971: Bahrain
September 3, 1971: Qatar
November 2, 1971: The United Arab Emirates
July 10, 1973: The Bahamas
September 24, 1973: Guinea-Bissau
February 7, 1974: Grenada
June 25, 1975: Mozambique
July 5, 1975: Cape Verde
July 6, 1975: Comoros
July 12, 1975: Sao Tome and Principe
September 16, 1975: Papua New Guinea
November 11, 1975: Angola
November 25, 1975: Suriname
June 29, 1976: Seychelles
June 27, 1977: Djibouti
July 7, 1978: The Solomon Islands
October 1, 1978: Tuvalu
November 3, 1978: Dominica
February 22, 1979: Saint Lucia
July 12, 1979: Kiribati
October 27, 1979: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
April 18, 1980: Zimbabwe
July 30, 1980: Vanuatu
January 11, 1981: Antigua and Barbuda
September 21, 1981: Belize
September 19, 1983: Saint Kitts and Nevis
January 1, 1984: Brunei
October 21, 1986: The Marshall Islands
November 3, 1986: The Federated States of Micronesia
March 11, 1990: Lithuania
March 21, 1990: Namibia
May 22, 1990: Yemen
April 9, 1991: Georgia
June 25, 1991: Croatia
June 25, 1991: Slovenia
August 21, 1991: Kyrgyzstan
August 24, 1991: Russia
August 25, 1991: Belarus
August 27, 1991: Moldova
August 30, 1991: Azerbaijan
September 1, 1991: Uzbekistan
September 6, 1991: Latvia
September 8, 1991: Macedonia
September 9, 1991: Tajikistan
September 21, 1991: Armenia
October 27, 1991: Turkmenistan
November 24, 1991: Ukraine
December 16, 1991: Kazakhstan
March 3, 1992: Bosnia and Herzegovina
January 1, 1993: The Czech Republic
January 1, 1993: Slovakia
May 24, 1993: Eritrea
October 1, 1994: Palau
May 20, 2002: East Timor
June 3, 2006: Montenegro
June 5, 2006: Serbia
February 17, 2008: Kosovo
July 9, 2011: South Sudan