The Most Important Inventors of the Industrial Revolution

The Flyer takes off from Kill Devil Hill, with Orville Wright at the controls, while his brother Wilbur looks on, on December 17, 1903.
The Flyer takes off from Kill Devil Hill, with Orville Wright at the controls, while his brother Wilbur looks on, on December 17, 1903. Bettmann / Getty Images

The Industrial Revolution that occurred in the 19th century was of great importance to the economic future of the United States. Three industrial developments led the way to industrialization in America:

  1. Transportation was expanded.
  2. Electricity was effectively harnessed.
  3. Improvements were made to industrial processes.

Following is a list of key events and dates of the Industrial Revolution.

Person

Invention

Date

James WattFirst reliable Steam Engine1775
Eli WhitneyCotton Gin, Interchangeable parts for muskets1793, 1798
Robert FultonRegular Steamboat service on the Hudson River1807
Samuel F. B. MorseTelegraph1836
Elias HoweSewing Machine1844
Isaac SingerImproves and markets Howe's Sewing Machine1851
Cyrus FieldTransatlantic Cable1866
Alexander Graham BellTelephone1876
Thomas EdisonPhonograph, First Long-Lasting Incandescant Light Bulb1877, 1879
Nikola TeslaInduction Electric Motor1888
Rudolf DieselDiesel Engine1892
Orville and Wilbur WrightFirst Airplane1903
Henry FordModel T Ford, Large-Scale Moving Assembly Line1908, 1913

 

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