A List of 100 Interjections in English

Good Golly, Good Gosh, and Other G-Rated Interjections

interjection - huh
According to researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in the Netherlands, the interjection huh "is found in roughly the same form and function in spoken languages across the globe" ("Is 'Huh?' a Universal Word?" PLOS ONE, November 8, 2013). (Jacquie Boyd/Getty Images)

Hey! Let's take a look at interjections--or, as they're sometimes called (somewhat misleadingly), exclamations.

Elsewhere on this Grammar and Composition website, we've described interjections as the "outlaws of English grammar":

Interjections usually stand apart from normal sentences, defiantly maintaining their syntactic independence. (Yeah!) They aren't marked inflectionally for grammatical categories such as tense or number. (No sirree!) And because they show up more frequently in spoken English than in writing, most scholars have chosen to ignore them. (Aw.)
("Oh, Wow!: Notes on Interjections")

Still, there are two more points worth making before we get down to our G-rated list. (We'll leave it up to you to supply any rude or potentially offensive interjections.) 
 

For a start, interjections have traditionally been treated as one of the eight parts of speech (or word classes). But it's worth keeping in mind that many interjections can do double or triple duty as other parts of speech. For instance, when a word such as boy or awesome appears by itself (often followed by an exclamation point in writing), it functions as an interjection:

  • Boy! You have an answer for everything.
  • The crew chief handed me my first pay check. "Awesome!" I said.

But when that same word shows up syntactically integrated into a sentence, it usually operates as a different part of speech. In the following examples, boy is a noun and awesome is an adjective:

  • The boy ate a Snickers bar.
  • Seeing the northern lights for the first time was an awesome experience.

    Words that are used only as interjections are called primary interjections, while words that also belong to other word classes are called secondary interjections. As you review our list of 100 interjections in English, try to identify the ones that can also do the job of other parts of speech. 

    Oh! I almost forgot.

    Here's something else to look out for. The meanings of interjections sometimes change depending on the context in which they're used. The word oh, for example, may indicate surprise, disappointment, or delight:

    • Oh! I didn't see you sitting there.
    • Oh. I was hoping you could stay for awhile.
    • Oh! I'm so glad you came!

    As you read through this list, see if you can pick out the interjections that have more than one meaning.

    1. ah
    2. a-ha
    3. ahem
    4. alas
    5. amen
    6. aw
    7. awesome
    8. bada bing
    9. bah
    10. baloney
       
    11. big deal
    12. bingo
    13. boo
    14. boo hoo
    15. booya
    16. boy (boy oh boy)
    17. bravo
    18. brillliant
    19. brrr
    20. bull
       
    21. bye (bye-bye)
    22. cheers
    23. come on (c'mon)
    24. cool
    25. cowabunga
    26. dang
    27. darn (darn it)
    28. dear me
    29. duck
    30. duh
       
    31. eh
    32. enjoy
    33. excellent
    34. fabulous
    35. fantastic
    36. fiddle dee dee
    37. finally
    38. for heaven's sake
    39. fore
    40. foul
       
    41. freeze
    42. gee (gee whiz)
    43. giddyap
    44. golly (good golly, golly willikers)
    45. goodbye
    46. good grief
    47. good heavens
    48. gosh
    49. great
    50. great balls of fire
       
    51. ha
    52. hallelujah
    53. heavens (heavens above, heavens to betsy)
    54. heigh ho
    55. hello
    56. help
    57. hey (hey there)
    58. hi (hi ya)
    59. hip, hip, hooray
    60. hmm
       
    61. ho ho ho
    62. holy mackerel (holy moley, holy Moses, holy smoke)
    63. ho hum
    64. hooray (hurray)
    65. howdy (howdy do)
    66. huh
    67. ick
    68. indeed
    69. jeez
    70. kaboom
       
    71. kapow
    72. lordy (lordy lordy)
    73. mama mia
    74. man
    75. marvelous
    76. my
    77. my goodness (my stars, my word)
    78. nah
    79. no problem
    80. no way (no way Jose)
       
    81. nope
    82. nuts
    83. oh (oh boy, oh dear, oh my gosh, oh my, oh my goodness, oh no, oh well)
    1. OK
    2. ouch
    3. ow
    4. please
    5. poof
    6. sh
    7. super
       
    8. swell
    9. welcome
    10. well
    11. whoop-de-doo
    12. woo-hoo
    13. wow
    14. yabba dabba do
    15. yadda yadda
    16. yippee
    17. yummy

    To learn more about these outlaws of English grammar, visit "Oh, Wow!: Notes on Interjections."