Languages › Italian Irregular Second Conjugation Italian Verbs Irregular –Ere Verbs in Italian Share Flipboard Email Print Harvey Watts Photography/Moment/Getty Images Italian Grammar History & Culture Vocabulary By Michael San Filippo Italian Expert M.A., Italian Studies, Middlebury College B.A., Biology, Northeastern University Michael San Filippo co-wrote The Complete Idiot's Guide to Italian History and Culture. He is a tutor of Italian language and culture. our editorial process Michael San Filippo Updated November 04, 2019 Irregular verbs are those that do not follow the typical conjugation patterns of their respective types (infinitive stem + endings). There are three distinct irregularities: change to the stem (andare—io vado) change in the normal ending (dare—io darò) change to both stem and ending (rimanere—io rimasi) Irregular Second Conjugation VerbsThere are only three first conjugation verbs (verbs ending in –are) that are irregular—andare, dare, and stare. Much more numerous, however, are the irregular verbs of the second conjugation (verbs ending in –ere). These verbs are usually divided into two groups: —verbs in –ére, (cadere, dovere, valere). The majority of irregular changes occur in the root, generally in the present indicative and subjunctive (valg–o, valg–a). —verbs in –’ere (accendere, accludere) in which the accent falls on the stem. Usually these irregular verbs have changes in the past remote and the past participle (acce–si, acce–so). Consult the list of principal irregular second conjugation verbs for reference. EXAMPLES OF IRREGULAR -ERE VERBS INFINITIVE REMOTE PAST INDICATIVE PAST PARTICIPLE io contesi conteso io emersi emerso tergere io tersi terso discutere io discussi discusso io percossi percosso io scissi scisso attingere io attinsi attinto io fransi franto vincere io vinsi vinto io afflissi afflitto leggere io lessi letto trafiggere io trafissi trafitto chiedere io chiesi chiesto io nascosi nascosto rispondere io rimasi risposto Note! INFINITIVE REMOTE PAST cadere—io caddi, lui cadde, loro cadderotenere—io tenni, lui tenne, loro tennerovolere—io volli, lui volle, loro vollero Other irregular –ere verbs double the final consonant of the irregular stem. INFINITIVE REMOTE PAST (with past participle) bere—io bevvi, lui bevve...(bevuto)conoscere—io conobbi, lui conobbe...(conosciuto)rompere—io ruppi, lui ruppe...(rotto)vivere—io vissi, lui visse...(vissuto) Verbs ending in –arre (trarre), –orre (porre), and –urre (tradurre), like fare and dire, are considered second conjugation verbs since they derive from contractions of Latin verbs of the second conjugation (trahere, ponere, traducere, facere, dicere). List of Principal Irregular Second Conjugation Italian Verbs volgere Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Filippo, Michael San. "Irregular Second Conjugation Italian Verbs." ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/irregular-second-conjugation-italian-verbs-2011677. Filippo, Michael San. (2020, August 26). Irregular Second Conjugation Italian Verbs. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/irregular-second-conjugation-italian-verbs-2011677 Filippo, Michael San. "Irregular Second Conjugation Italian Verbs." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/irregular-second-conjugation-italian-verbs-2011677 (accessed July 25, 2021). copy citation Conjugation Tables for the Italian Verb 'Vivere' Conjugation Table for the Italian Verb Mettere Conjugation Tables for the Italian Verb 'Rimanere' Second Conjugation Italian Verbs Italian Verb Conjugations: Nascere Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Vendere' Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Credere' Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Rispondere' Italian Language Lessons: Italian Present Tense Irregular First-Conjugation Italian Verbs Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Farsi' Italian Verb Overview for Beginners How to Conjugate Italian Verbs Like a Native Italian Regular Verb Endings Italian Verb Conjugations: Decidere Conjugation Table for the Italian Verb 'Cercare'