Why Burning Money Is Illegal in the United States

Mutilating Your Money Can Land You in Prison

Burning money
Burning money is illegal and punishable by prison time. Peter Kim/Getty Images

If you have money to burn, congratulations. But you'd better not actually set fire to a pile of cash. Burning money is illegal in the United States and is punishable by up to 10 years in prison, not to mention fines. It's also illegal to tear a dollar bill and even flatten a penny under the weight of a locomotive on the railroad tracks.

The laws making defacing and debasing currency a crime have their roots in the federal government's use of precious metals to mint coins.

Criminals were known to file down or cut off portions of those coins and keep the slivers for themselves while spending the altered currency.

Your odds of being prosecuted under the federal laws that making burning money or defacing coins, however, are fairly slim. First, coins now contain very little previous metals. Second, defacing printed currency in an act of protest is often compared to burning the American flag. That is to say, burning money may be considered protected speech under the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment.

What the Law Says About Burning Money

The section of federal law that makes tearing up or burning money a crime is Title 18, Section 333, which was passed in 1948 and reads:

"Whoever mutilates, cuts, defaces, disfigures, or perforates, or unites or cements together, or does any other thing to any bank bill, draft, note, or other evidence of debt issued by any national banking association, or Federal Reserve bank, or the Federal Reserve System, with intent to render such bank bill, draft, note, or other evidence of debt unfit to be reissued, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than six months, or both."

What the Law Saws About Mutilating Coins

The section of federal law that makes mutilating coins a crime is Title 18, Section 331, which reads:

"Whoever fraudulently alters, defaces, mutilates, impairs, diminishes, falsifies, scales, or lightens any of the coins coined at the mints of the United States, or any foreign coins which are by law made current or are in actual use or circulation as money within the United States; or

"Whoever fraudulently possesses, passes, utters, publishes, or sells, or attempts to pass, utter, publish, or sell, or brings into the United States, any such coin, knowing the same to be altered, defaced, mutilated, impaired, diminished, falsified, scaled, or lightened —

"Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both."

A separate section of Title 18 makes it illegal to "debase" coins minted by the U.S. government, meaning to shave some of the metal off and make the money less valuable. That crime is punishable by fines and up to 10 years in prison.

Prosecutions Are Rare for Mutilating Currency

It's pretty rare for someone to be arrested and charged with defiling or debased U.S. currency. Even those penny press machines you find at arcades and some seashore attractions are okay because they're used to create souvenirs and not to debase or shave metal off the coin for profit or fraud.

Perhaps the highest profile case of currency mutilation dates to 1963. An 18-year-old U.S. Marine named Ronald Lee Foster was convicted of "whittling" away the edges of pennies and spending the 1 cent coins as dimes in vending machines, according to The Washington Post. Foster had been sentenced to a year of probation and $20, but more seriously the conviction prevented him from being able to get a gun license. 

Foster made national news in 2010 when President Barack Obama pardoned him

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Murse, Tom. "Why Burning Money Is Illegal in the United States." ThoughtCo, Feb. 21, 2017, thoughtco.com/is-burning-money-illegal-3367953. Murse, Tom. (2017, February 21). Why Burning Money Is Illegal in the United States. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/is-burning-money-illegal-3367953 Murse, Tom. "Why Burning Money Is Illegal in the United States." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/is-burning-money-illegal-3367953 (accessed December 12, 2017).