Languages › English as a Second Language Italian Demonstrative Adjectives Aggettivi Dimostrativi in Italian Share Flipboard Email Print Lisa Stokes / Getty Images English as a Second Language Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Business English Resources for Teachers By Michael San Filippo Italian Expert M.A., Italian Studies, Middlebury College B.A., Biology, Northeastern University Michael San Filippo co-wrote The Complete Idiot's Guide to Italian History and Culture. He is a tutor of Italian language and culture. our editorial process Michael San Filippo Updated February 21, 2020 Italian demonstrative adjectives indicate closeness, or distance in space or time, of beings or objects with respect to the speaker or listener, or both. The main Italian demonstrative adjectives are questo, codesto, and quello, which vary in gender and number. For comparison, in English there are four demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, and those. Questo Questo is used to indicate beings or things close to the speaker: Questo vestito è elegante. > This dress is elegant.Questa lettera è per Maria. > This letter is for Mary. The aphaeretic forms of questo are 'sto, 'sta, 'sti and 'ste (aphaeresis, in linguistic terms, refers to the loss of one or more sounds from the beginning of a word, especially the loss of an unstressed vowel). These forms have long been popular among Italian speakers, but for the most part only in spoken language. Condesto Codesto indicates beings or things close to the listener; the term is in disuse, though, and is usually replaced by quello: Consegna codesto regalo che porti con te. > Deliver that gift that you are carrying.Allora leggiamolo codesto bigliettino. Cosa tergiversa? > So then, let's read that note. Why beat around the bush? NOTE: codesto (and less frequently cotesto) is still used in the Tuscan dialect and in commercial and bureaucratic language. Pertanto richiedo a codesto istituto… > I therefore request this institute... Quello Quello indicates beings or things far from the speaker and the listener: Quello scolaro è studioso. > That student is studious.Quel ragazzo alto è mio cugino. > That tall boy is my cousin.Quei bambini giocano. > Those kids are playing.Quegli artisti sono celebri. > Those artists are famous. Quello follows the rules of the definite article: lo scolaro—quello scolarogli artisti—quegli artistii bambini—quei bambini NOTE: always apostrophize before a vowel: quell'uomo > that manquell'attore > that actor Quel is the truncated form of quello: quel giorno > that dayquel quadro > that picture Other Demonstrative Adjectives: Stesso, Medesimo, and Tale Stesso and medesimo indicate identity: Prenderemo lo stesso treno. > We will take the same train.Soggiorniamo nel medesimo albergo. > We are staying in the same hotel. NOTE: stesso and medesimo are sometimes used to emphasize the name to which they refer and mean perfino (even) or "the person himself": Il ministro stesso diede l'annuncio. > The minister himself made the announcement.Io stesso (perfino io) sono rimasto sorpreso. > I myself (even I) was surprised.L'allenatore stesso (l'allenatore in persona) si è congratulato con me. > The coach himself (the coach in person) congratulated me. NOTE: stesso is sometimes used for emphasis: Il ministro stesso diede l'annuncio. > The minister himself made the announcement. Tale can also be classified as an aggettivo dimostrativo when used to convey the sense of così grande or così importante: No ho mai detto tali (queste o quelle) cose. > No, I never said such things.Tali (così grandi) errori sono inaccettabili. > These mistakes are unacceptable.Tale (simile) atteggiamento è riprovevole. > This behavior is reprehensible. Italian Demonstrative Adjectives Reference Table Aggettivi Dimostrativi in Italiano MASCHILE(singolare) MASCHILE(Plurale( FEMMINILE(Singolare) FEMMINILE(Plurale) questo questi questa queste codesto codesti codesta codeste quello, quel quelli, quegli, quei quella quelle stesso stessi stessa stesse medesimo medesimi medesima medesime (tale) (tali) (tale) (tali) How to Use Italian Possessive Adjectives Italian Language Lessons: Bello e Quello Italian Definite Article Forms Foundations of Grammar in Italian Italian Degree of Comparison Adjectives Definite Articles Il and Lo in Early Italian Words to Use Instead of "Said" Strategies to Improve English Listening Skills Making Complaints in English How to Use Italian Reflexive Pronouns Using Italian Indefinite Pronouns Italian Verb Conjugations: Preparare Paired Conjunction Quiz How to Form and Use Possessive Adjectives Think Like An Italian, Speak Like An Italian German Adverbs: 'Erst' vs. 'Nur'