The Italian Infinitive

Swimming at the sea

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The infinitives of all regular verbs in Italian end in -are, -ere, or -ire and are referred to as first, second, or third conjugation verbs, respectively. In English, the infinitive (l'infinito) consists of "to" + verb. In Italian, the infinitive is composed of just one word.


  • Nuotare - to swim
  • Amare - to love
  • Credere - to believe
  • Dormire - to sleep

The initial part of the infinitive, called the stem, conveys the meaning of the word and is the form found in the dictionary.