Languages › Italian How to Use Reciprocal Reflexive Verbs in Italian Share Flipboard Email Print Photoplay, January 1955 / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain Italian Vocabulary History & Culture Grammar By Michael San Filippo Italian Expert M.A., Italian Studies, Middlebury College B.A., Biology, Northeastern University Michael San Filippo co-wrote The Complete Idiot's Guide to Italian History and Culture. He is a tutor of Italian language and culture. our editorial process Michael San Filippo Updated January 26, 2020 Romeo and Juliet meet, hug, kiss, and fall in love. They comfort each other, admire each other, and get married — but not without help from reciprocal reflexive verbs (i verbi riflessivi reciproci). These verbs express a reciprocal action that involves more than one person. The plural reflexive pronouns ci, vi, and si are used when conjugating reciprocal reflexive verbs. Here are a few examples. Since we’re talking about a story like "Romeo and Juliet," note that the verbs are conjugated in the past remote tense, which is the tense typically used to tell stories or recount the historical past. Si abbracciarono affettuosamente. They embraced each other affectionately.Ci scambiammo alcune informazioni. We exchanged some information.Vi scriveste frequentemente, dopo quell'estate. You frequently wrote to each other after that summer. Reciprocal Reflexive Verbs in the Past Tense If you want to use a reciprocal reflexive verb using the passato prossimo, there are a couple of things you need to know about. First, you need to conjugate it with the auxiliary verb (also called a “helper verb”) essere (to be). Second, you need to know the past participle of the verb you’re using. For example, if you wanted to use baciarsi (to kiss each other), the past participle would be baciato. Since we’re talking about two people here, the -o at the end of baciato will become an -i to show that it’s plural. The past participle depends on whether the verb ends in -are, -ere, or -ire. Therefore, if you wanted to say “They kissed each other at the airport,” it would read “Si sono baciati all’aeroporto.” Here are a couple of other examples in various tenses: (Il presente) Non si piacciono, ma si rispettano. They don’t like each other, but they respect each other.(Il passato prossimo) Si sono conosciuti alla festa di lavoro del mese scorso. They met each other at the work party last month.(L’imperfetto) Ogni giorno si salutavano, ma lui non le ha mai chiesto di uscire. Every day, they greeted each other, but he never asked her out. Other reciprocal verbs are listed in the table below. Common Italian Reciprocal Verbs abbracciarsi to embrace each other (one another) to help each other (one another) amarsi to love each other (one another) to admire each other (one another) baciarsi to kiss each other (one another) conoscersi to know each other (also: to meet) to comfort each other (one another) incontrarsi to meet (each other) innamorarsi to fall in love (with each other) insultarsi to insult each other (one another) to recognize each other (one another) to respect each other (one another) to see each other again (one another) to greet each other (one another) to write to each other (one another) sposarsi to get married (to each other) vedersi to see each other (one another) to visit each other (one another) Learn How to Properly Use Italian Reflexive Verbs How to Use the Italian Verb Piacere Italian Verb Conjugations: Baciarsi Learn to Use the Passato Prossimo in Italian Get Grammar Notes and Learn About the Verb Essere ("To Be") in Italian How to Use the Verb "Volere" in Italian Using the Past Participle in Italian How to Conjugate the Verb 'Dovere' in Italian How to Conjugate the Verb "Vedere" in Italian Italian Verbs For Beginners - Mood and Tenses How to Conjugate the Italian Verb Conoscersi How to Use the Verb "Potere" in Italian How to Conjugate the Verb "Scrivere" in Italian Italian Verb Conjugations: Baciare How to Conjugate the Verb "Conoscere" in Italian Conjugation Tables for the Italian Verb 'Vivere'