JACKSON Surname Meaning and Origin

What Does the Last Name Jackson Mean?

The surname Jackson may derive from the given name John, which means "gift from God."
The surname Jackson may derive from the given name John, which means "gift from God.". Getty / Brandon Tabiolo

The patronymic surname Jackson means "son of Jack." The personal/given name Jack may have derived from one of several sources:

  1. Derived from the name Jackin, a medieval diminutive of the name John, which is an English form of Iohannes, the Latin form of the Greek name Ιωαννης (Ioannes), itself derived from the Hebrew name יוֹחָנָן (Yohanan), meaning "Jehovah has favored," or more loosely "gift of God." See also the surname Johnson.
  2. Possibly a derivation of the Old French given name Jacque, the French form of the English name Jacob. The name derives from the Latin Jacobus which, in turn, derives from the Hebrew personal name יַעֲקֹב (Ya'aqov).

Surname Origin: English, Scottish

Alternate Surname Spellings: JACKS

Where in the World is the JACKSON Surname Found?

According to WorldNames public profiler, the Jackson surname is found in the greatest numbers in the United Kingdom and Australia. It is most prevalent in northern England, especially Cumbria county. The name is also popular in the United States, especially in the District of Columbia and the southeastern states of Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi and Louisiana.

Famous People with the Surname JACKSON

Genealogy Resources for the Surname JACKSON

100 Most Common U.S. Surnames & Their Meanings
Smith, Johnson, Williams, Jones, Brown... Are you one of the millions of Americans sporting one of these top 100 common last names from the 2000 census?

Jackson Family Genealogy
A Web site dedicated to the descendants of Robert Jackson, who arrived in Massachusetts with his father circa 1630.

Jackson Family Tree DNA Project
Read biographies, check out DNA results, or submit your own DNA to learn more about your own Jackson ancestors.

Jackson Family Genealogy Forum
Search this popular genealogy forum for the Jackson surname to find others who might be researching your ancestors, or post your own Jackson query.

FamilySearch - JACKSON Genealogy
Explore over 12 million historical records and lineage-linked family trees posted for the Jackson surname and its variations on this free website sponsored by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

JACKSON Surname & Family Mailing Lists
RootsWeb hosts several free mailing lists for researchers of the Jackson surname.

DistantCousin.com - JACKSON Genealogy & Family History
Explore free databases and genealogy links for the last name Jackson.

The Jackson Genealogy and Family Tree Page
Browse genealogy records and links to genealogical and historical records for individuals with the Jackson surname from the website of Genealogy Today.

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References: Surname Meanings & Origins

Cottle, Basil. Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967.

Menk, Lars. A Dictionary of German Jewish Surnames. Avotaynu, 2005.

Beider, Alexander. A Dictionary of Jewish Surnames from Galicia. Avotaynu, 2004.

Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989.

Hanks, Patrick. Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003.

Smith, Elsdon C. American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997.

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